the names of the historical or public buildings: the Taj
Mahal, the Red Fort, the Rashtrapathi Bhavan, etc
the names of rivers: the Krishna, the Ganga, the Yamuna etc.
the names of seas: the Arabian Sea, the Red Sea etc.
the Oceans: the Indian Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, etc.
the names of certain chains of Mountains: the Himalayas, the
the names of deserts: the Sahara, the Thar, etc.
the names of newspapers, magazines etc: the Hindustan Times,
, the Deccan Chronicle, etc.
groups of islands: the Andamans, the West Indies, etc.
the names of certain countries (This is an exception): the
Yemen, the Sudan, the Hague, etc.
school, college, prison etc. If its purpose or use is not referred to or say if
used not in its primary purpose.
Examples: He has gone to the hospital to visit a
friend, Where he is employed.
(Here he went to hospital to meet his friend not because of illness)
Rule 3: Before an adjective in the superlative degree.
Michael is tallest boy in the class. ✘
Michael is the tallest boy in the class ✔
Rule 4: Before an adjective in the comparative degree, when the
selection of one out of only two persons.
Nalini is more beautiful of the two girls in the class. ✘
Nalini is the more beautiful of the two girls in the class. ✔
Rule 5: With nouns indicating what is unique. (there is no second one)
Examples: the sun, the moon, the sky, the earth, the equator etc.
Rule 6: Before an abstract noun or a material if it is used with an
adjunct (a qualifying clause) (or when there is a particular reference to
the material noun)
Examples: The gold you have brought from the U.S.A.
is good quality.
Ornaments are made of The gold ✘
Rule 7: The is used before certain adjectives to give a plural
meaning. The rich, The poor, The dead, The sick, The healthy,
The deaf, The blind etc.
The rich = rich people
The poor = poor people
Rich hate poor ✘
The rich hate the poor ✔
Wise think before they speak ✘
The wise think before they speak ✔
Rule 8: With certain adjectives indicating nationality. The
spanish means spanish people
Examples: the English, the Dutch, the Spanish, the Chinese, the
Rule 9: Before ‘only’ and ordinal numbers, such first, second, millionth
etc. and adjectives of number.
All the students of first year are invited. ✘
All the students of the first year are invited ✔
Second example is not correct ✘
The second example is not correct. ✔
He is only one in the class who got selected for Google. ✘
He is the only one in the class who got selected for Google. ✔
Today is sixth day of the month ✘
Today is the sixth day of the month ✔
Rule 10: Before a noun when special emphasis is needed.
This is the novel I am talking about. (not any novel,
but a particular novel)
Rule 11: Before a common noun to give it the meaning of an abstract
Examples: At last the father in him prevailed and
Rule 12: In special comparatives
1. The more you earn, the
more you spend
2. The more, the better
3. The higher you go, the
cooler you feel.
Rule 13: Before musical instruments.
Rajani can play piano very well ✘
Rajani can play the piano very well. ✔
well-known or sacred books.
Examples: the Mahabharat, the Ramayana, the Gita, the Bible, the
Rule 15: Before the names of certain countries each of which is a
union of smaller units.
Examples: the U.S.A., the U.A.E., and U.S.S.R etc.
used as nouns.
Examples: the north of India, the Middle East, the West Asia.
Rule 17: Before some proper nouns consisting of adjectives and noun or
noun + of + noun
Examples: the State Bank of India, the National Museum
Rule 18: The + singular noun + clause or phrase can be used to
distinguish one person from another of the same name.
Q. We have two Reddy’s, which Reddy you
A. I want the Reddy who signed
Rule 19: Before the names of political parties.
Example: the BJP, the Congress
Rule 20: When it is clear from the context that a particular person,
place or thing is meant.
1. I talked to the
Principal yesterday. (Both speaker and listener knew who is
2. The students are playing in the
Rule 21: Before the dates of months.
the 23 October, 1949, the 15th August,
Rule 22: “The” is used before the parts of the body which
are used in place of possessive Adjectives
Don’t strike her on head ✘
Don’t strike her on the head ✔
She caught me by hand ✘
She caught me by the hand ✔
He pulled him by leg ✘
He pulled him by the leg. ✔