Rules Pertaining to Usage of Article – Part – II ( Advanced )

Article “THE” is used in the following ways:
Rule 1:
  • Before
    the names of the historical  or public buildings:  
    the Taj
    Mahal, the Red Fort, the Rashtrapathi Bhavan, etc
  • Before
    the names of rivers: 
    the Krishna, the Ganga, the Yamuna etc.
  • Before
    the names of seas: 
    the Arabian Sea, the Red Sea etc.
  • Before
    the Oceans: 
    the Indian Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, etc.
  • Before
    the names of certain chains of Mountains: 
    the Himalayas, the
    Alps, etc.
  • Before
    the names of deserts: 
    the Sahara, the Thar, etc.
  • Before
    the names of newspapers, magazines etc: 
    the Hindustan Times,
    , the Deccan Chronicle, etc.
  • Before
    groups of islands: 
    the Andamans, the West Indies, etc.
  • Before
    the names of certain countries (This is an exception): 
    the
    Yemen, the Sudan, the Hague, etc.
Examples:
Rule 2:  Before a noun denoting a hospital, temple,
school, college, prison etc. If its purpose or use is not referred to or say if
used not in its primary purpose.

Examples:  He has gone to the hospital to visit a
friend, Where he is employed.
(Here he went to hospital to meet his friend not because of illness)

Rule 3:  Before an adjective in the superlative degree.
Examples:  
Michael is tallest boy in the class.  ✘
Michael is the tallest boy in the class  ✔

Rule 4:  Before an adjective in the comparative degree, when the
selection of one out of only two persons.

Example:  
Nalini is more beautiful of the two girls in the class.  ✘
Nalini is the more beautiful of the two girls in the class.  ✔

Rule 5:  With nouns indicating what is unique. (there is no second one)
Examples:  the sun, the moon, the sky, the earth, the equator etc.

Rule 6:  Before an abstract noun or a material if it is used with an
adjunct (a qualifying clause) (or when there is a particular  reference to
the material noun)

Examples:   The gold you have brought from the U.S.A.
is good quality.
Ornaments are made of The gold  ✘

Rule 7:  The is used before certain adjectives to give a plural
meaning.  
The rich, The poor, The dead, The sick, The healthy,
The deaf, The blind etc.
 The rich = rich people
 The poor = poor people
Examples
Rich hate poor  ✘
The rich hate the poor  ✔

Wise think before they speak  ✘
The wise think before they speak  ✔

Rule 8: With certain adjectives indicating nationality.  The
spanish means spanish people

Examples:  the English, the Dutch, the Spanish, the Chinese, the
Burmese etc.



Rule 9:  Before ‘only’ and ordinal numbers, such first, second, millionth
etc. and adjectives of number.

Examples:
All the students of  first year are invited.  ✘
All the students of the first year are invited  ✔

Second example is not correct  ✘
The second example is not correct.  ✔

He is only one in the class who got selected for Google.  ✘
He is the only one in the class who got selected for Google.  ✔

Today is sixth day of the month  ✘
Today is the sixth day of the month  ✔

Rule 10:  Before a noun when special emphasis is needed.
Example:
This is the novel I am talking about.  (not any novel,
but a particular novel)

Rule 11:  Before a common noun to give it the meaning of an abstract
noun

Examples:   At last the father in him prevailed and
excused him.

Rule 12:  In special comparatives
Examples:
 1. The more you earn, the
more you spend
 2. The more, the better
 3. The higher you go, the
cooler you feel.

Rule 13:  Before musical instruments.
Examples:  
Rajani can play piano very well  ✘
Rajani can play the piano very well.  ✔



Rule 14:  Before the proper names of certain
well-known or sacred books.

Examples:   the Mahabharat, the Ramayana, the Gita, the Bible, the
Quran


Rule 15:  Before the names of certain countries each of which is a
union of smaller units.

Examples:   the U.S.A., the U.A.E., and U.S.S.R etc.

Rule 16:  Before north, south etc when these are
used as nouns.

Examples:   the north of India, the Middle East, the West Asia.

Rule 17:  Before some proper nouns consisting of adjectives and noun or
noun + of + noun

Examples:   the State Bank of India, the National Museum

Rule 18:  The + singular noun + clause or phrase can be used to
distinguish one person from another of the same name.

Example:
 Q. We have two Reddy’s, which Reddy you
want?
 A. I want the Reddy who signed
the letter.

Rule 19:  Before the names of political parties.
Example:  the BJP, the Congress

Rule 20:  When it is clear from the context that a particular person,
place or thing is meant.

Examples:
 1. I talked to the
Principal yesterday.  (Both speaker and listener knew who is
principal)
 2. The students are playing in the
garden.

Rule 21:  Before the dates of months.
Examples:
 the 23 October, 1949, the 15th August,
1947, etc.,

Rule 22: “The” is used before the parts of the body which
are used in place of possessive Adjectives
Don’t strike her on head  ✘
Don’t strike her on the head  ✔

She caught me by hand  ✘
She caught me by the hand  ✔

He pulled him by leg  ✘
He pulled him by the leg.  ✔