SBI PO 2015: Logical Reasoning Quiz

Directions (1-5): Below are given some passages followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and then decide upon its degree of truth and falsity.
Mark your answer as:
(1) if the inference is definitely true.
(2) if the inference is probably true.
(3) if the data is inadequate.
(4) if the inference is probably false.
(5) if the inference is definitely false.
Passage: The fifth conference of Labour Ministers of Non-Aligned and other developing countries, which concluded in New Delhi on 23rd Jan, was not just another conference held under the auspices of International Labour Organisation to discuss labour welfare.

For one, it was in the run-up to the World Summit on Social Development that the conference was held, and for another, it was under the shadow of the demand by the industrialised countries to link labour standards to international trade through a social clause. The conference covered a large part of the agenda to be discussed at the Summit to be held at Copenhagen in March, i.e., employment creation, poverty reduction and eradication and social integration.

1. The fourth conference of Labour Ministers was not held at New Delhi.
2. International Labour Organisation took an active part in a conference of Labour Ministers for the first time.
3. Linking labour standards to international trade would benefit the industrialized countries.
4. The Copenhagen Summit did not discuss questions on poverty.
5. India sent no representatives to the conference.
Directions (6-8): In each question below is given a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and III. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
6. Statement: One day token strike was called by the employees in Government organizations to protest against privatization of profit making Public Sector Undertakings.”

Assumptions: I. The Government may favourably consider the views of the employees.
II. Strike is the most popular tool used by people to protest.
III. The strike may bring pressure on the Government, forcing them to reconsider the decision.
(1) Only I is implicit
(2) Only II is implicit
(3) Only I and III are implicit
(4) All I, II and III are implicit
(5) None of these
7. Statement: “Buy a variety of items from our shop and get upto 20% discount.” – An advertisement.

Assumptions: I. Many people will visit the shop to get the benefit of discount.
II. Customers may go to some other shop if the discount is not offered.
III. Offering discount is the best way to attract customers.
(1) Only I is implicit
(2) Only II is implicit
(3) Only III is implicit
(4) Only I and II are implicit
(5) None of these
8. Statement: “Graduates with first class are eligible to apply for the admission to MBA courses in our Institute.” – An advertisement by a Management Institute.

Assumptions: I. Only those who are first class graduates can cope up with the studies for MBA courses.
II. There are plenty of first class graduates who are likely to apply for admission to MBA.
III. Reputation of the institute may get affected if students having less than first class are admitted.
(1) Only I is implicit
(2) Only ll is implicit
(3) Only III is implicit
(4) Only I and II are implicit
(5) All I, II and III are implicit
Directions (9-10): In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow-up or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be ‘true’, then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing. Give answer:
(1) if only I follows. 
(2) if only II follows. 
(3) if either I or II follows.
(4) if neither I nor II follows.
(5) if both I and II follow.
9. Statement: A very large number of people gathered outside the local police station to submit a memorandum on behalf of the residents highlighting police in action in curbing incidents of theft and burglary in the neighbourhood for the past few months.

Courses of action: I. The police authority should form a team of officers to talk to the representatives of the residents and assure them that proper steps will be taken to stop the menace.
II. The police authority should advise the people gathered outside the police station to disburse and promise them quick action.

10. Statement: At least five students were killed due to a stampede in one city school as the students tried to leave the school building fearing short circuit. 
Courses of action: I. The principal of the school should immediately be arrested.
II. The Government should immediately order closure of the school permanently.


Solutions (6-8):

7.       (1): The advertisement was given to
attract the people. But this does not imply that offering discount is the best
way to attract people. Therefore, only assumption I is implicit.
(2): The advertisement was issued
assuming that a sufficient number of first class graduates are likely to apply
for admission to MBA.

10.     (4)