SBI PO 2015: Reasoning Quiz

Hello Readers,

On account of upcoming SBI PO 2015 Exam, here we are presenting to you all a Reasoning Quiz on the following topics –
  • Puzzles
  • Course of Action
  • Statement & Arguments
Directions (1-5): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:
(i) In a family of six persons, there are people from three generations. Each person has separate profession and also they like different colours. There are two couples in a family.
(ii) Mohan is a CA and his wife is neither Doctor nor likes Green Colour.
(iii) Engineer likes Red colour and his wife is a Teacher.
(iv) Mohini is mother-in-law of Savita and she likes the Orange colour
(v) Deepak is a grandfather of Titu, and Titu who is a principal likes the Black Colour
(vi) Neeru is the Granddaughter of Mohini and she likes blue colour. Neeru’s mother likes the white colour

1. Which of the following is the correct pair of two couples?
(1) Deepak and Mohini and Mohan – Neeru
(2) Mohan – Savita and Tiru – Nerru
(3) Mohini – Deepak and Mohan – Savita
(4) Cannot be determined
(5) None of the above
2. Who is an Engineer?
(1) Mohini 
(2) Savita
(3) Neeru
(4) Cannot be determined
(5) None of these
3. How many ladies are there in the family?
(1) Two 
(2) Three
(3) Four
(4) Cannot be determined
(5) None of these
4. What is the profession of Savita?
(1) Doctor
(2) Teacher
(3) Engineer
(4) Cannot be determined
(5) None of these
5. Which colour is liked by CA?
(1) Green
(2) White
(3) Either Green or White
(4) Cannot be determined
(5) None of these
Directions (6-10): In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between ‘strong’arguments and ‘weak’arguments. ‘Strong’ arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. ‘Weak’ arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question.


Instructions: In each of the following a question is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which argument is strong and which argument is weak. Give answer


(1) if only argument I is strong.
(2) if only argument II is strong.
(3) if either argument I or II is strong. 
(4) if neither argument I nor II is strong. 
(5) if both the arguments I and II are strong.
6. Statement: Should Hindi language be made compulsory at school level in all the States in India?
Arguments:
I. No, students should not be forced to learn any language.
II. Yes, it is the national language, so everybody must learn it.
7. Statement: Should the retirement age of all government employees in India be made 55 years?
Arguments:
I. Yes, this will help government to offer employment to youth at lower cost and with higher productivity.
II. No, the government will be deprived of the expertise of the experienced employees and this will have adverse effect on the productivity.
8. Statement: Should India pull out of Commonwealth Confederation?
Arguments:
I. No, India will lose an international forum to express its opinion on world matters.
II. Yes, Commonwealth has lost its relevance in the post- cold war scenario.
9. Statement: Should all the profit-making public sector units be sold to private companies?
Arguments:
I. Yes, this will help the government to augment its resources for implementing the development programmes.
II. No, the private companies will not be able to run these units effectively.
10. Statement: Should all beggars on the roads in the big cities in India be forcibly sent to villages?
Arguments:
I. No, this is grossly unfair and these people may die of hunger if they are sent to villages.
II. Yes, these people create a bad impression of our country in the eyes of the foreigners who visit our country and hence should be removed.
Directions: (11-15): In each question below a statement is given followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. A course of action is a practicable and feasible step or administrative decision to be taken for follow-up, improvement, or further action with regard to the problem, policy, etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, and decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follows(s). 
Give answer—
1) If only I follows.
2) If only II follows.
3) If either I or II follows.
4) If neither I nor II follows.
5) If both I and II follow.
11. Statement:
The Indian cricket team reached in final matches of the previous six major tournaments, but failed to win even a single tournament.
Courses of action:
I. The team should change its coach.
II. The Indian cricket board should set up a committee to find out the reasons.
12. Statement:
In the road accidents the pillion riders are getting more head injuries than the driver.
Courses of action:
I. Pillion riders should also wear helmet.
II. Government should increase the number of speed breakers for slow speed.
13. Statement:
Now-a-days, the number of suicide cases is on the rise.
Courses of action:
I. We should change our education system, where the people can learn the basic values of life.
II. Mostly the suicides are seen in youngsters due to stress. Parents should arrange for multiple hobby classes for their children.
14. Statement:
The government is worried by the sudden collapse of an under construction bridge, leading to death of 34 people and injuries to many.
Courses of action:
I. The government should set up an inquiry committee to investigate the reasons for collapse
II. The authorities should shift the injured people to the hospital and clear the debris to see if someone is trapped.
15. Statement:
Two third or even more of the world’s polar bears will disappear by 2050 due to shrinking Summer Sea ice, even under moderate projections caused by greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
Courses of action:
I. We should control environmental pollution by reducing the emission of greenhouse gases and make people aware of effects of greenhouse gases through media.
II. Shift the polar bears to the other parts of the world, like Antarctica, where thick layer of ice is available.

ANSWERS:
Solutions (1-5): 
Based on the information given, we get the following table:

1. (3) Deepak – Mohini, Mohan – Savita
2. (5) Deepak is the Engg.
3. (4) Cannot be determined because sex of Titu cannot be known
4. (4) Profession of Savita Cannot be determined
5. (4) It Cannot be determined


Solutions (6-10)
6. 2
7. 5
8. 1
9. 4
10. 5
Solutions (11-15)
11. 2; I is not a practical course of action. II follows, as enquiry is the norm after every failures/incidents.
12. 1; I is right course of action as it will protect pillion riders but II will solve one question and create another problem.
13. 4; Both of the courses of action do not address the problem. It cannot be explained how values of life of multiple hobby classes can stop people from committing suicide.
14. 5; I follows as in the case of question no. II also follows as rescue efforts are the first step in such incidents.
15. 1; I follows as this is the only way to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases. II does not follow because it is neither practical nor possible.