Subhash Chandra Bose also known as “Netaji” was born on 23 January 1897 in Cuttack, Orissa (now Odisha). He was an Indian Revolutionary with a charismatic persona who will be forever remembered for his role in the Indian Independence movement against the British Rule.
Netaji led the Ajad Hind Fauj or Indian National Army (INA) during India’s Independence movement. He is also known for his radical thoughts and approach with difference with Mathatma Gandi and Congress high command.
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Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose’s death is a mystery still discussed today, and there have been various theories and conspiracies about his suspected survival after his disappearance in 1945. Lets take look back to Netaji’s life and history on the occasion of his 123rd birth anniversary:
- Subhas Chandra Bose was born to to Prabhavati Dutt Bose and Janakinath Bose, an advocate, in a well to do family on on 23 January, 1897, in Cuttack, Orissa Division, Bengal Province.
- He studied at Presidency College, Calcutta from where he was later expelled for attacking a professor who made a racist remarks towards Indians. He then went to the Scottish Church College and earned his B.A in Philosophy.
- In 1919 Bose gave the Indian Civil Services exam in England and secured fourth rank but later on he resigned from the Civil Services to join the Indian Freedom Movement and he came back to India.
- Bose then worked under Chitta Ranjan Das, a politician in Bengal. Later he was as President of the All India Youth Congress and also the Secretary of Bengal State Congress.
- In 1938 Subash Chandra Bose was elected as the President of Congress but as he stood for use of force against the British and due to his difference in ideology with Mahatma Gandhi he soon resigned and then formed the All India Forward Bloc. He then traveled to Nazi Germany and Japan to seek alliance and support.
- In 1942 Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose in Germany started the Azad Hind Radio in the Special Bureau for India under Adam von Trott zu Solz to encourage the Indian freedom fighter’s movement. In 1943 he traveled to Tokyo, Japan and took leadership of Indian Independence Movement in East Asia. There he formed a trained army of about 40,000 troops in Japanese-occupied Southeast Asia known as the Indian National Army.
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Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose is said to have died in a plane crash from third-degree burns in Taiwan on 18th August 1945. However, there was a theory according to which some people did not believe that the crash had occurred, and thought that Bose would return to gain India’s independence whereas some believe that the ten Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru had a role to play in Netaji’s plane crash.
Inspirational Quotes by Netaji Subash Chandra Bose that will be Remembered Forever :
- Give me blood and I will give you freedom! “तुम मुझे खून दो मैं तुम्हे आज़ादी दूंगा”
- One individual may die for an idea, but that idea will, after his death, incarnate itself in a thousand lives.
- Freedom is not given – it is taken
- Soldiers who always remain faithful to their nation, who are always prepared to sacrifice their lives, are invincible.