The Hindu Newspaper Editorial Vocabulary For Bank of Baroda and Dena Bank Exam 2017

Dear Students, we are providing to you Vocabulary Words from The HINDU Newspaper Editorial. We suggest you read a newspaper daily. In case if you are not able to read The Hindu, we will post important words every day from editorial section. These vocab words will help you a lot in your competitive exams.

1.Pertinent
Meaning: relevant or applicable to a particular matter; apposite.
Synonym: relevant, to the point, apposite
Antonym: irrelevant, inappropriate
Sentence:“she asked me a lot of very pertinent questions”

2.Eulogize
Meaning: praise highly in speech or writing.
Synonym: acclaim, extol;
Antonym: criticize
Sentence: “he was eulogized as a rock star”

3.Valorize
Meaning: give or ascribe value or validity to.
Synonym: Price -fixing
Sentence: the culture valorizes the individual”

4.Lamentation
Meaning: the passionate expression of grief or sorrow; weeping.
Synonym: crying, sobbing, moaning
Sentence: “scenes of lamentation”

5.Malady
Meaning: a disease or ailment.
Synonym: illness, sickness, ailment, disorder
Sentence: “an incurable malady”

6.Extravagant
Meaning: lacking restraint in spending money or using resources.
Synonym: spendthrift, profligate, unthrifty
Antonym: cheap, thrifty
Sentence: “it was rather extravagant to buy both”

7.Precedence
Meaning: the condition of being considered more important than someone or something else; priority in importance, order, or rank.
Synonym: outweigh, supersede,
Sentence: “his desire for power soon took precedence over any other consideration”

8.Hierarchy
Meaning: a system in which members of an organization or society are ranked according to relative status or authority
Synonym: pecking order, ranking, grading, ladder, social order, social stratum
Antonym: disordered, free-for-all
Sentence: “the initiative was with those lower down in the hierarchy”

9.Panoramic
Meaning: (of a view or picture) with a wide view surrounding the observer; sweeping.
Synonym: sweeping, wide, extensive, bird’s-eye, scenic
Antonym: restricted, narrow, limited
Sentence: “on a clear day there are panoramic views”

10.Cacophony
Meaning: a harsh discordant mixture of sounds.
Synonym: din, racket, noise,
Sentence: “a cacophony of deafening alarm bells

HINDU Newspaper Vocabulary for IDBI PO 2017

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1.Penance
Meaning: punishment inflicted on oneself as an outward expression of repentance for wrongdoing
Synonym: atonement, expiation, self-punishment
Sentence:”he had done public penance for those hasty words”



2.Mortify
Meaning: cause (someone) to feel very embarrassed or ashamed.
Synonym: embarrass, humiliate, chagrin,
Antonym: indulge, heal
Sentence: “she was mortified to see her wrinkles in the mirror”

3.Vanquish
Meaning: defeat thoroughly.
Synonym: conquer, defeat
Antonym: surrender
Sentence: “he successfully vanquished his rival”

4.Alliteration
Meaning: the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.
Synonym: exaggeration, expression. 
Sentence: “the alliteration of ‘sweet birds sang’

5.Tarnish
Meaning: lose or cause to lose lustre, especially as a result of exposure to air or moisture
Synonym: discolour, stain, rust, oxidize, corrode, deteriorate;
Antonym: brighten, polish
Sentence: “silver tarnishes too easily”

6.Temerity
Meaning: excessive confidence or boldness; audacity
Synonym: audacity, boldness
Sentence: “no one had the temerity to question his conclusions”

7.Moribund
Meaning: (of a thing) in terminal decline; lacking vitality or vigour.
Synonym: waning, dying, stagnating, stagnant, decaying,
Antonym: thriving, recovering, flourishing
Sentence: “the moribund commercial property market”

8.Perennial
Meaning: lasting or existing for a long or apparently infinite time; enduring or continually recurring
Synonym: everlasting, perpetual, eternal,
Antonym: ceasing, ending, halting, infrequent, intermittent, interrupted, occasional, temporary
Sentence:”his perennial distrust of the media”

9.Perdition
Meaning:(in Christian theology) a state of eternal punishment and damnation into which a sinful and unrepentant person passes after death
Synonym: damnation, eternal punishment;
Sentence:”she used her last banknote to buy herself a square meal before perdition”

10.Pendant
Meaning: a piece of jewellery that hangs from a chain worn round the neck. 
Synonym: locket, medallion, drop, stone;
Sentence: “a jade-green pendant on a gold chain”

HINDU Newspaper Vocabulary for IDBI PO 2017

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1.Jejune
Meaning: naive, simplistic, and superficial, (of ideas or writings) dry and uninteresting
Synonym: childish, innocuous
Antonym:
Sentence:”their entirely predictable and usually jejune opinions”



2.Burgeon
Meaning: begin to grow or increase rapidly; flourish.
Synonym: boom, mushroom, proliferate,
Antonym: shrink
Sentence:”manufacturers are keen to cash in on the burgeoning demand”

3.Buffoon
Meaning: a ridiculous but amusing person; a clown.
Synonym: clown, antic, comedian
Sentence: I wonder when my thirty-year-old son will stop acting like a buffoon and begin to take life seriously.

4.Protrude
Meaning: extend beyond or above a surface.
Synonym: stand out, come through, peek, poke
Antonym: sunken, inconspicuous
Sentence:”something like a fin protruded from the water”

5.Erosion
Meaning: the process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water, or other natural agents.
Synonym: wearing away, abrasion
Sentence: “the problem of soil erosion

6.Protégé
Meaning: a person who is guided and supported by an older and more experienced or influential person
Synonym: pupil, student, trainee, apprentice;
Sentence:”Ruskin submitted his protégé’s name for election”

7.Juxtaposition
Meaning: the fact of two things being seen or placed close together with contrasting effect.
Synonym: comparison, contrast;
Sentence: “the juxtaposition of these two images”

8.Conundrum
Meaning: a confusing and difficult problem or question.
Synonym: dilemma, problem,
Sentence: “one of the most difficult conundrums for the experts”

9.Jingoism
Meaning: extreme patriotism, especially in the form of aggressive or warlike foreign policy.
Synonym: blind patriotism, chauvinism, extreme nationalism
Sentence:”the popular jingoism that swept the lower–middle classes”

10.Provoke
Meaning: stimulate or give rise to (a reaction or emotion, typically a strong or unwelcome one) in someone.
Synonym: arouse, produce, evoke,
Antonym: pacify, appease
Sentence: “the decision provoked a storm of protest from civil rights organizations”

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1.Pecuniary
Meaning: relating to or consisting of money.
Synonym: financial, monetary, money,
Antonym: nonfinancial
Sentence: “he admitted obtaining a pecuniary advantage by deception”

2. wither
Meaning:fall into decay or decline., (of a plant) become dry and shrivelled
Synonym:diminish, dwindle, shrink, lessen, fade
Sentence:”it is not true that old myths either die or wither away”
“the grass had withered to an unappealing brown”

3. Penurious
Meaning: extremely poor; poverty-stricken.
Synonym: poverty-stricken, destitute, niggardly, parsimonious
Antonym: wealthy, generous
Sentence: “a penurious old tramp”

4. wrangle
a dispute or argument, typically one that is long and complicated.
“an insurance wrangle is holding up compensation payments”
argument, dispute, disagreement, quarrel

5. winsome
Meaning:attractive or appealing in a fresh, innocent way.
Synonym:lovable, adorable, lovely, delightful, enchanting, captivating,
Antonym: joyless, sad, unhappy, unsatisfied; dull, lethargic,
Sentence:”a winsome smile”

6. wince
Meaning:make a slight involuntary grimace or shrinking movement of the body out of pain or distress.
Synonym:grimace,
Sentence:”he winced at the disgust in her voice”

7.amorous
Meaning: showing, feeling, or relating to sexual desire.
Synonym: lustful, sexual, erotic, amatory, ardent;
Antonym: unloving, cold
Sentence: “she rejected his amorous advances”

8.amputate
Meaning: cut off (a limb) by surgical operation.
Synonym:  chop off, remove 
Sentence: “surgeons had to amputate her left hand”

9.pedant
Meaning: a person who is excessively concerned with minor details and rules or with displaying academic learning.
Synonym: dogmatist, purist, literalist, formalist, doctrinaire; 
Sentence: “the royal palace (some pedants would say the ex-royal palace)”

10.paucity
Meaning: the presence of something in only small or insufficient quantities or amounts.
Synonym: dearth, deficit, drought
Antonym:  bountifulness, copiousness; excess,
Sentence: “a paucity of information”


 

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1. Assuage
Meaning: make (an unpleasant feeling) less intense.
Synonym: relieve, ease, alleviate, soothe, mitigate
Antonym: aggravate
Sentence: “the letter assuaged the fears of most members”



2. Approbation
Meaning: approval or praise.
Synonym: approval, acceptance, assent, endorsement, encouragement, recognition, appreciation, 
Sentence: “a term of approbation”

3. Anodyne
Meaning: not likely to cause offence or disagreement and somewhat dull.
Synonym: inoffensive, innocuous, neutral, unobjectionable, unexceptionable, unremarkable, 
Sentence: “anodyne music”

4. Dichotomy
Meaning: a division or contrast between two things that are or are represented as being opposed or entirely different.
Synonym: division, separation, divorce, split, gulf, chasm; 
Sentence: “a rigid dichotomy between science and mysticism”

5. Dolorous
Meaning: feeling or expressing great sorrow or distress.
Synonym: grieving, heartbroken, lamentable, lugubrious, plaintive, plangent, 
Antonym: delighted, exulting, glorying, happy, joyful, rejoicing, triumphant;
Sentence: “a dolorous and repetitive tale of atrocity”

6. Fusillade
Meaning: a series of shots fired or missiles thrown all at the same time or in quick succession.
Synonym: salvo, volley, barrage, bombardment, cannonade,
Sentence: “marchers had to dodge a fusillade of missiles”

7. Flippancy
Meaning: lack of respect or seriousness; frivolousness.
Synonym: frivolousness, levity, superficiality, shallowness
Sentence: “she was infuriated by his careless flippancy”

8. Harbinger
Meaning: a person or thing that announces or signals the approach of another.
Synonym: herald, sign, indicator, indication, signal, prelude, portent, omen, augury, forewarning, 
Sentence: “witch hazels are the harbingers of spring”

9. Genesis
Meaning: the origin or mode of formation of something.
Synonym: origin, source, root, beginning, commencement, start, outset
Sentence: “this tale had its genesis in fireside stories”

10. Herculean
Meaning: requiring great strength or effort.
Synonym: arduous, gruelling, laborious, back-breaking, onerous, strenuous, difficult,
Antonym: easy
Sentence: “a Herculean task”

 

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1.Ludicrous(adj): very foolish
Synonym:laughable, absurd, ridiculous, silly
Usage:a ludicrous and easily detected attempt to forge his father’s signature on a note to school



2.Nemesis(Noun): an opponent or enemy that is very difficult to defeat
Synonym:avenger, castigator, chastiser, punisher, scourge
Usage:He will be playing his old nemesis for the championship.

3.Nepotism(Noun): the unfair practice by a powerful person of giving jobs and other favors to relatives
Synonym: patronage, favoritism
Usage:Nepotism has hurt the company.

4.Lucrative: producing money or wealth
Synonym:economic, fat, gainful, juicy, profitable, moneymaking, 
Usage:The business has proved to be highly lucrative.

5.Nomadic: roaming about from place to place aimlessly, frequently, or without a fixed pattern of movement
Synonym:roaming,vagabond, wandering
Usage:Raised in a nomadic family, she attended half a dozen different high schools

6.Niggardly: hating to spend money, very small in amount
Synonym: cheap, parsimonious,penurious,
Usage:she’s a niggardly woman, so don’t expect a handout from her. 

7.Nominal: existing as something in name only : not actual or real, very small in amount
Synonym: inconsiderable, insignificant, minute,
Usage:Her title of vice president had been nominal only.

8.Credulity: ability or willingness to believe something
Synonym: gullibility
Usage:”moneylenders prey upon their credulity and inexperience”

9.Copious: very large in amount or number
Synonym: abundant, ample, 
Usage:The storm produced a copious amount of rain.

10.Corporeal: having or consisting of a physical body or form
Synonym: animal, bodily, carnal, physical, fleshly, material,
Usage:corporeal cravings such as hunger and thirst
 

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1.Cacophony
Meaning-unpleasant loud sounds
Synonym-commotion, clamoring, blare,ruckus, hue and cry, 
Sentence-The sounds of barking dogs and sirens added to the cacophony on the streets.

2.Cajole
Meaning-to persuade someone to do something or to give you something by making promises or saying nice things
Synonym-swwet-talk, palaver, coax 
Antonym -damp, deter, dissuade, drive away, repel, warn
Sentence-She cajoled me into accompanying her.


3.Camaraderie 
Meaning- a feeling of good friendship among the people in a group
Synonym-comradeship, bonding, companionship, fellowship, collegiality
Sentence- There is great camaraderie among the teammates.


4.Abject
Meaning-extremely bad or severe
Synonym-deplorable,dispirited,miserable
Antonym -fortunate, estimable, hopeful, domineering
Sentence-They live in abject misery.


5.Infallible
Meaning- not capable of being wrong or making mistakes, not fallible
Synonym-certain, sure, unfailing, not liable to fail
Antonym -unreliable, undependable, errant, error-prone, fallible, 
Sentence-I never claimed to be infallible.


6.Innocuous
Meaning-not likely to bother or offend anyone, causing no injury
Synonym-innocent, unobjectionable
Antonym -offensive, corrupting, noxious, harmful, degrading
Sentence-those innocuous lies we must tell every day if society is to remain civil.


7.Pretentious
Meaning-having or showing the unpleasant quality of people who want to be regarded as more impressive, successful, or important than they really are
Synonym-ostentatious
Antonym -unpretentious, honest, tasteful, modest, unpompous
Sentence-The houses in the neighborhood are large and pretentious.


8.Prerogative
Meaning-a right or privilege; especially : a special right or privilege that some people have
Synonym-fringe benefit, perquisite, perk, privilege, prerogative, exclusive right
Sentence-It’s a writer’s prerogative to decide the fate of her characters.


9.Paragon
Meaning- a person or thing that is perfect or excellent in some way and should be considered a model or example to be copied
Synonym-model, pattern, master-piece,idol, perfection. 
Sentence-In Arthurian legend, Sir Galahad is depicted as the one knight who is a paragon of virtue. 


10. parable
Meaning- a short story that teaches a moral or spiritual lesson; especially : one of the stories told by Jesus Christ and recorded in the Bible
Synonym- legend, fabrication, allegory, emblem, 
Sentence-He told the children a parable about the importance of forgiveness

 

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1.Tussle: a vigorous struggle or scuffle, typically in order to obtain or achieve something.
Synonym: scuffle, fight, struggle
Usage:”there was a tussle for the ball”



2.Colloquial: (of language) used in ordinary or familiar conversation; not formal or literary.
Synonym: informal, conversational, everyday, casual
Usage: a colloquial essay on what makes a marriage successful

3.Nullify: make legally null and void; invalidate.
Synonym: annul,
Usage: “judges were unwilling to nullify government decisions”

4.Cognate: (of a word) having the same linguistic derivation as another (e.g. English father, German Vater, Latin pater ), related; connected.
Synonym: interconnected, linked, coupled
Usage: “cognate subjects such as physics and chemistry”

5.Aficionado: a person who is very knowledgeable and enthusiastic about an activity, subject, or pastime.
Synonym: connoisseur, expert
Usage: “a crossword aficionado”

6.Assiduous: showing great care, attention, and effort
Synonym: active, busy, bustling, diligent,
Usage: The project required some assiduous planning.

7.Affinity: a natural liking for and understanding of someone or something.
Synonym: empathy, rapport, sympathy, accord, harmony
Usage: “he had a special affinity with horses”

8.Whimsical: playfully quaint or fanciful, especially in an appealing and amusing way.
Synonym: fanciful, playful, mischievous,
Usage: “a whimsical sense of humour”

9.Connotation: an idea or feeling which a word invokes for a person in addition to its literal or primary meaning.
Synonym: overtone, undertone, undercurrent, implication
Usage: “the word ‘discipline’ has unhappy connotations of punishment and repression”

10.Conglomerate: a thing consisting of a number of different and distinct parts or items that are grouped together
Synonym: mix, combination, mingling,
Usage: “the Earth is a specialized conglomerate of organisms”

 

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1.Prelude
Meaning: an action or event serving as an introduction to something more important.
Synonym: preliminary, overture, opening, preparation
Antonym:conclusion, postscript
Sentence: “a ceasefire had been agreed as a prelude to full peace negotiations”



2.Premonition
Meaning: a strong feeling that something is about to happen, especially something 
unpleasant.
Synonym: foreboding, presage, presentiment, prognostication
Sentence: “he had a premonition of imminent disaster”

3.Preponderance
Meaning: the quality or fact of being greater in number, quantity, or importance.
Synonym: prevalence, predominance, dominance 
Sentence: “the preponderance of women among older people”

4. Soporific
Meaning: tending to induce drowsiness or sleep., a drug or other substance that 
induces drowsiness or sleep.
Synonym: sleeping pill, sleeping potion, sedative, calmative, narcotic, opiate;
Antonym: invigorating, stimulant
Sentence: “the motion of the train had a somewhat soporific effect”

5. Orthodox
Meaning: following or conforming to the traditional or generally accepted rules 
or beliefs of a religion, philosophy, or practice.
Synonym: conservative, traditional, observant, conformist
Antonym: unconventional, unorthodox, nonconformist
Sentence: “Burke’s views were orthodox in his time”

6.Puerile
Meaning: childishly silly and immature
Synonym: jejune, infantile 
Antonym: mature, adult
Sentence: “a puerile argument”

7.Perennial
Meaning: lasting or existing for a long or apparently infinite time; enduring or continually recurring
Synonym: everlasting, perpetual, eternal,
Antonym: ceasing, ending, halting, infrequent, intermittent, interrupted, occasional, temporary
Sentence:”his perennial distrust of the media”

8.Perdition
Meaning: (in Christian theology) a state of eternal punishment and damnation into 
which a sinful and unrepentant person passes after death
Synonym: damnation, eternal punishment;
Sentence:”she used her last banknote to buy herself a square meal before 
perdition”

9. Penury
Meaning: the state of being very poor; extreme poverty.
Synonym: pennilessness, impecuniousness, impoverishment, indigence,
Antonym: wealth, affluence
Sentence: “he couldn’t face another year of penury”

10.Laggard
Meaning: a person who makes slow progress and falls behind others.
Synonym: straggler, loiterer, lingerer,
Sentence: “staff were under enormous pressure and there was no time for 
laggards”
 

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HINDU Newspaper Vocabulary for RBI ASSISTANT MAINS Exams 2017

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1.Verity
Meaning: a true principle or belief, especially one of fundamental importance.
Synonym: verisimilitude, accuracy
Antonym: falsehood
Sentence: to question the verity of a statement.

2.Apotheosis
Meaning: the perfect form or example of something, the highest or best part of 
something
Synonym: epitome, exemplar, ideal, perfection
Sentence:”his appearance as Hamlet was the apotheosis of his career”

3.Hubris
Meaning: Exaggerated pride or self-confidence
Synonym: arrogance, conceit,
Antonym: modesty
Sentence:”the self-assured hubris among economists was shaken in the late 1980s”

4.Insidious
Meaning: proceeding in a gradual, subtle way, but with very harmful effects.
Synonym: stealthy, subtle, surreptitious, sneaking
Antonym: straightforward
Sentence:”sexual harassment is a serious and insidious problem”

5.Masquerade
Meaning: a false show or pretence
Synonym: pretence, deception
Antonym: honesty, openness, reality
Sentence:”I doubt he could have kept up the masquerade for long”

6.Cascade
Meaning: a small, steep waterfall; especially one that is part of a series of waterfalls, a large amount of something that flows or hangs down
Synonym: waterfall, falls
Sentence: the waterfall raced down in a series of cascades”

7.Verbiage
Meaning: excessively lengthy or technical speech or writing.
Synonym: verbosity
Sentence: the basic idea here, despite all the verbiage, is simple”

8.Venial
Meaning:(of a fault or offence) slight and pardonable
Synonym: pardonable, forgivable, excusable, condonable
Antonym: unforgivable, unpardonable, mortal
Sentence:”we cannot prevent ourselves sometimes from dreaming of performing 
venial if not mortal sins”

9.Apocryphal
Meaning: well-known but probably not true
Synonym: fictitious, made-up, untrue, fabricated,
Antonym: authentic, true
Sentence:”an apocryphal story about a former president”

10.Carnal
Meaning: relating to physical, especially sexual, needs and activities
Synonym: sensual, erotic, lustful, lascivious
Antonym: spiritual
Sentence:”carnal desire”

 

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