HINDU Newspaper Vocabulary for IDBI PO 2017

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Meaning: punishment inflicted on oneself as an outward expression of repentance for wrongdoing
Synonym: atonement, expiation, self-punishment
Sentence:”he had done public penance for those hasty words”

Meaning: cause (someone) to feel very embarrassed or ashamed.
Synonym: embarrass, humiliate, chagrin,
Antonym: indulge, heal
Sentence: “she was mortified to see her wrinkles in the mirror”

Meaning: defeat thoroughly.
Synonym: conquer, defeat
Antonym: surrender
Sentence: “he successfully vanquished his rival”

Meaning: the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.
Synonym: exaggeration, expression. 
Sentence: “the alliteration of ‘sweet birds sang’

Meaning: lose or cause to lose lustre, especially as a result of exposure to air or moisture
Synonym: discolour, stain, rust, oxidize, corrode, deteriorate;
Antonym: brighten, polish
Sentence: “silver tarnishes too easily”

Meaning: excessive confidence or boldness; audacity
Synonym: audacity, boldness
Sentence: “no one had the temerity to question his conclusions”

Meaning: (of a thing) in terminal decline; lacking vitality or vigour.
Synonym: waning, dying, stagnating, stagnant, decaying,
Antonym: thriving, recovering, flourishing
Sentence: “the moribund commercial property market”

Meaning: lasting or existing for a long or apparently infinite time; enduring or continually recurring
Synonym: everlasting, perpetual, eternal,
Antonym: ceasing, ending, halting, infrequent, intermittent, interrupted, occasional, temporary
Sentence:”his perennial distrust of the media”

Meaning:(in Christian theology) a state of eternal punishment and damnation into which a sinful and unrepentant person passes after death
Synonym: damnation, eternal punishment;
Sentence:”she used her last banknote to buy herself a square meal before perdition”

Meaning: a piece of jewellery that hangs from a chain worn round the neck. 
Synonym: locket, medallion, drop, stone;
Sentence: “a jade-green pendant on a gold chain”

HINDU Newspaper Vocabulary for IDBI PO 2017

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Meaning: naive, simplistic, and superficial, (of ideas or writings) dry and uninteresting
Synonym: childish, innocuous
Sentence:”their entirely predictable and usually jejune opinions”

Meaning: begin to grow or increase rapidly; flourish.
Synonym: boom, mushroom, proliferate,
Antonym: shrink
Sentence:”manufacturers are keen to cash in on the burgeoning demand”

Meaning: a ridiculous but amusing person; a clown.
Synonym: clown, antic, comedian
Sentence: I wonder when my thirty-year-old son will stop acting like a buffoon and begin to take life seriously.

Meaning: extend beyond or above a surface.
Synonym: stand out, come through, peek, poke
Antonym: sunken, inconspicuous
Sentence:”something like a fin protruded from the water”

Meaning: the process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water, or other natural agents.
Synonym: wearing away, abrasion
Sentence: “the problem of soil erosion

Meaning: a person who is guided and supported by an older and more experienced or influential person
Synonym: pupil, student, trainee, apprentice;
Sentence:”Ruskin submitted his protégé’s name for election”

Meaning: the fact of two things being seen or placed close together with contrasting effect.
Synonym: comparison, contrast;
Sentence: “the juxtaposition of these two images”

Meaning: a confusing and difficult problem or question.
Synonym: dilemma, problem,
Sentence: “one of the most difficult conundrums for the experts”

Meaning: extreme patriotism, especially in the form of aggressive or warlike foreign policy.
Synonym: blind patriotism, chauvinism, extreme nationalism
Sentence:”the popular jingoism that swept the lower–middle classes”

Meaning: stimulate or give rise to (a reaction or emotion, typically a strong or unwelcome one) in someone.
Synonym: arouse, produce, evoke,
Antonym: pacify, appease
Sentence: “the decision provoked a storm of protest from civil rights organizations”

HINDU Newspaper Vocabulary for IDBI PO 2017

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Meaning: relating to or consisting of money.
Synonym: financial, monetary, money,
Antonym: nonfinancial
Sentence: “he admitted obtaining a pecuniary advantage by deception”

2. wither
Meaning:fall into decay or decline., (of a plant) become dry and shrivelled
Synonym:diminish, dwindle, shrink, lessen, fade
Sentence:”it is not true that old myths either die or wither away”
“the grass had withered to an unappealing brown”

3. Penurious
Meaning: extremely poor; poverty-stricken.
Synonym: poverty-stricken, destitute, niggardly, parsimonious
Antonym: wealthy, generous
Sentence: “a penurious old tramp”

4. wrangle
a dispute or argument, typically one that is long and complicated.
“an insurance wrangle is holding up compensation payments”
argument, dispute, disagreement, quarrel

5. winsome
Meaning:attractive or appealing in a fresh, innocent way.
Synonym:lovable, adorable, lovely, delightful, enchanting, captivating,
Antonym: joyless, sad, unhappy, unsatisfied; dull, lethargic,
Sentence:”a winsome smile”

6. wince
Meaning:make a slight involuntary grimace or shrinking movement of the body out of pain or distress.
Sentence:”he winced at the disgust in her voice”

Meaning: showing, feeling, or relating to sexual desire.
Synonym: lustful, sexual, erotic, amatory, ardent;
Antonym: unloving, cold
Sentence: “she rejected his amorous advances”

Meaning: cut off (a limb) by surgical operation.
Synonym:  chop off, remove 
Sentence: “surgeons had to amputate her left hand”

Meaning: a person who is excessively concerned with minor details and rules or with displaying academic learning.
Synonym: dogmatist, purist, literalist, formalist, doctrinaire; 
Sentence: “the royal palace (some pedants would say the ex-royal palace)”

Meaning: the presence of something in only small or insufficient quantities or amounts.
Synonym: dearth, deficit, drought
Antonym:  bountifulness, copiousness; excess,
Sentence: “a paucity of information”


HINDU Newspaper Vocabulary for IPPB mains 2017

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1. Assuage
Meaning: make (an unpleasant feeling) less intense.
Synonym: relieve, ease, alleviate, soothe, mitigate
Antonym: aggravate
Sentence: “the letter assuaged the fears of most members”

2. Approbation
Meaning: approval or praise.
Synonym: approval, acceptance, assent, endorsement, encouragement, recognition, appreciation, 
Sentence: “a term of approbation”

3. Anodyne
Meaning: not likely to cause offence or disagreement and somewhat dull.
Synonym: inoffensive, innocuous, neutral, unobjectionable, unexceptionable, unremarkable, 
Sentence: “anodyne music”

4. Dichotomy
Meaning: a division or contrast between two things that are or are represented as being opposed or entirely different.
Synonym: division, separation, divorce, split, gulf, chasm; 
Sentence: “a rigid dichotomy between science and mysticism”

5. Dolorous
Meaning: feeling or expressing great sorrow or distress.
Synonym: grieving, heartbroken, lamentable, lugubrious, plaintive, plangent, 
Antonym: delighted, exulting, glorying, happy, joyful, rejoicing, triumphant;
Sentence: “a dolorous and repetitive tale of atrocity”

6. Fusillade
Meaning: a series of shots fired or missiles thrown all at the same time or in quick succession.
Synonym: salvo, volley, barrage, bombardment, cannonade,
Sentence: “marchers had to dodge a fusillade of missiles”

7. Flippancy
Meaning: lack of respect or seriousness; frivolousness.
Synonym: frivolousness, levity, superficiality, shallowness
Sentence: “she was infuriated by his careless flippancy”

8. Harbinger
Meaning: a person or thing that announces or signals the approach of another.
Synonym: herald, sign, indicator, indication, signal, prelude, portent, omen, augury, forewarning, 
Sentence: “witch hazels are the harbingers of spring”

9. Genesis
Meaning: the origin or mode of formation of something.
Synonym: origin, source, root, beginning, commencement, start, outset
Sentence: “this tale had its genesis in fireside stories”

10. Herculean
Meaning: requiring great strength or effort.
Synonym: arduous, gruelling, laborious, back-breaking, onerous, strenuous, difficult,
Antonym: easy
Sentence: “a Herculean task”


HINDU Newspaper Vocabulary for IPPB mains 2017

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1.Ludicrous(adj): very foolish
Synonym:laughable, absurd, ridiculous, silly
Usage:a ludicrous and easily detected attempt to forge his father’s signature on a note to school

2.Nemesis(Noun): an opponent or enemy that is very difficult to defeat
Synonym:avenger, castigator, chastiser, punisher, scourge
Usage:He will be playing his old nemesis for the championship.

3.Nepotism(Noun): the unfair practice by a powerful person of giving jobs and other favors to relatives
Synonym: patronage, favoritism
Usage:Nepotism has hurt the company.

4.Lucrative: producing money or wealth
Synonym:economic, fat, gainful, juicy, profitable, moneymaking, 
Usage:The business has proved to be highly lucrative.

5.Nomadic: roaming about from place to place aimlessly, frequently, or without a fixed pattern of movement
Synonym:roaming,vagabond, wandering
Usage:Raised in a nomadic family, she attended half a dozen different high schools

6.Niggardly: hating to spend money, very small in amount
Synonym: cheap, parsimonious,penurious,
Usage:she’s a niggardly woman, so don’t expect a handout from her. 

7.Nominal: existing as something in name only : not actual or real, very small in amount
Synonym: inconsiderable, insignificant, minute,
Usage:Her title of vice president had been nominal only.

8.Credulity: ability or willingness to believe something
Synonym: gullibility
Usage:”moneylenders prey upon their credulity and inexperience”

9.Copious: very large in amount or number
Synonym: abundant, ample, 
Usage:The storm produced a copious amount of rain.

10.Corporeal: having or consisting of a physical body or form
Synonym: animal, bodily, carnal, physical, fleshly, material,
Usage:corporeal cravings such as hunger and thirst

HINDU Newspaper Vocabulary for IPPB mains 2017

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Meaning-unpleasant loud sounds
Synonym-commotion, clamoring, blare,ruckus, hue and cry, 
Sentence-The sounds of barking dogs and sirens added to the cacophony on the streets.

Meaning-to persuade someone to do something or to give you something by making promises or saying nice things
Synonym-swwet-talk, palaver, coax 
Antonym -damp, deter, dissuade, drive away, repel, warn
Sentence-She cajoled me into accompanying her.

Meaning- a feeling of good friendship among the people in a group
Synonym-comradeship, bonding, companionship, fellowship, collegiality
Sentence- There is great camaraderie among the teammates.

Meaning-extremely bad or severe
Antonym -fortunate, estimable, hopeful, domineering
Sentence-They live in abject misery.

Meaning- not capable of being wrong or making mistakes, not fallible
Synonym-certain, sure, unfailing, not liable to fail
Antonym -unreliable, undependable, errant, error-prone, fallible, 
Sentence-I never claimed to be infallible.

Meaning-not likely to bother or offend anyone, causing no injury
Synonym-innocent, unobjectionable
Antonym -offensive, corrupting, noxious, harmful, degrading
Sentence-those innocuous lies we must tell every day if society is to remain civil.

Meaning-having or showing the unpleasant quality of people who want to be regarded as more impressive, successful, or important than they really are
Antonym -unpretentious, honest, tasteful, modest, unpompous
Sentence-The houses in the neighborhood are large and pretentious.

Meaning-a right or privilege; especially : a special right or privilege that some people have
Synonym-fringe benefit, perquisite, perk, privilege, prerogative, exclusive right
Sentence-It’s a writer’s prerogative to decide the fate of her characters.

Meaning- a person or thing that is perfect or excellent in some way and should be considered a model or example to be copied
Synonym-model, pattern, master-piece,idol, perfection. 
Sentence-In Arthurian legend, Sir Galahad is depicted as the one knight who is a paragon of virtue. 

10. parable
Meaning- a short story that teaches a moral or spiritual lesson; especially : one of the stories told by Jesus Christ and recorded in the Bible
Synonym- legend, fabrication, allegory, emblem, 
Sentence-He told the children a parable about the importance of forgiveness


HINDU Newspaper Vocabulary for IPPB mains 2017

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1.Tussle: a vigorous struggle or scuffle, typically in order to obtain or achieve something.
Synonym: scuffle, fight, struggle
Usage:”there was a tussle for the ball”

2.Colloquial: (of language) used in ordinary or familiar conversation; not formal or literary.
Synonym: informal, conversational, everyday, casual
Usage: a colloquial essay on what makes a marriage successful

3.Nullify: make legally null and void; invalidate.
Synonym: annul,
Usage: “judges were unwilling to nullify government decisions”

4.Cognate: (of a word) having the same linguistic derivation as another (e.g. English father, German Vater, Latin pater ), related; connected.
Synonym: interconnected, linked, coupled
Usage: “cognate subjects such as physics and chemistry”

5.Aficionado: a person who is very knowledgeable and enthusiastic about an activity, subject, or pastime.
Synonym: connoisseur, expert
Usage: “a crossword aficionado”

6.Assiduous: showing great care, attention, and effort
Synonym: active, busy, bustling, diligent,
Usage: The project required some assiduous planning.

7.Affinity: a natural liking for and understanding of someone or something.
Synonym: empathy, rapport, sympathy, accord, harmony
Usage: “he had a special affinity with horses”

8.Whimsical: playfully quaint or fanciful, especially in an appealing and amusing way.
Synonym: fanciful, playful, mischievous,
Usage: “a whimsical sense of humour”

9.Connotation: an idea or feeling which a word invokes for a person in addition to its literal or primary meaning.
Synonym: overtone, undertone, undercurrent, implication
Usage: “the word ‘discipline’ has unhappy connotations of punishment and repression”

10.Conglomerate: a thing consisting of a number of different and distinct parts or items that are grouped together
Synonym: mix, combination, mingling,
Usage: “the Earth is a specialized conglomerate of organisms”


HINDU Newspaper Vocabulary for IPPB mains 2017

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Meaning: an action or event serving as an introduction to something more important.
Synonym: preliminary, overture, opening, preparation
Antonym:conclusion, postscript
Sentence: “a ceasefire had been agreed as a prelude to full peace negotiations”

Meaning: a strong feeling that something is about to happen, especially something 
Synonym: foreboding, presage, presentiment, prognostication
Sentence: “he had a premonition of imminent disaster”

Meaning: the quality or fact of being greater in number, quantity, or importance.
Synonym: prevalence, predominance, dominance 
Sentence: “the preponderance of women among older people”

4. Soporific
Meaning: tending to induce drowsiness or sleep., a drug or other substance that 
induces drowsiness or sleep.
Synonym: sleeping pill, sleeping potion, sedative, calmative, narcotic, opiate;
Antonym: invigorating, stimulant
Sentence: “the motion of the train had a somewhat soporific effect”

5. Orthodox
Meaning: following or conforming to the traditional or generally accepted rules 
or beliefs of a religion, philosophy, or practice.
Synonym: conservative, traditional, observant, conformist
Antonym: unconventional, unorthodox, nonconformist
Sentence: “Burke’s views were orthodox in his time”

Meaning: childishly silly and immature
Synonym: jejune, infantile 
Antonym: mature, adult
Sentence: “a puerile argument”

Meaning: lasting or existing for a long or apparently infinite time; enduring or continually recurring
Synonym: everlasting, perpetual, eternal,
Antonym: ceasing, ending, halting, infrequent, intermittent, interrupted, occasional, temporary
Sentence:”his perennial distrust of the media”

Meaning: (in Christian theology) a state of eternal punishment and damnation into 
which a sinful and unrepentant person passes after death
Synonym: damnation, eternal punishment;
Sentence:”she used her last banknote to buy herself a square meal before 

9. Penury
Meaning: the state of being very poor; extreme poverty.
Synonym: pennilessness, impecuniousness, impoverishment, indigence,
Antonym: wealth, affluence
Sentence: “he couldn’t face another year of penury”

Meaning: a person who makes slow progress and falls behind others.
Synonym: straggler, loiterer, lingerer,
Sentence: “staff were under enormous pressure and there was no time for 

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HINDU Newspaper Vocabulary for RBI ASSISTANT MAINS Exams 2017

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Meaning: a true principle or belief, especially one of fundamental importance.
Synonym: verisimilitude, accuracy
Antonym: falsehood
Sentence: to question the verity of a statement.

Meaning: the perfect form or example of something, the highest or best part of 
Synonym: epitome, exemplar, ideal, perfection
Sentence:”his appearance as Hamlet was the apotheosis of his career”

Meaning: Exaggerated pride or self-confidence
Synonym: arrogance, conceit,
Antonym: modesty
Sentence:”the self-assured hubris among economists was shaken in the late 1980s”

Meaning: proceeding in a gradual, subtle way, but with very harmful effects.
Synonym: stealthy, subtle, surreptitious, sneaking
Antonym: straightforward
Sentence:”sexual harassment is a serious and insidious problem”

Meaning: a false show or pretence
Synonym: pretence, deception
Antonym: honesty, openness, reality
Sentence:”I doubt he could have kept up the masquerade for long”

Meaning: a small, steep waterfall; especially one that is part of a series of waterfalls, a large amount of something that flows or hangs down
Synonym: waterfall, falls
Sentence: the waterfall raced down in a series of cascades”

Meaning: excessively lengthy or technical speech or writing.
Synonym: verbosity
Sentence: the basic idea here, despite all the verbiage, is simple”

Meaning:(of a fault or offence) slight and pardonable
Synonym: pardonable, forgivable, excusable, condonable
Antonym: unforgivable, unpardonable, mortal
Sentence:”we cannot prevent ourselves sometimes from dreaming of performing 
venial if not mortal sins”

Meaning: well-known but probably not true
Synonym: fictitious, made-up, untrue, fabricated,
Antonym: authentic, true
Sentence:”an apocryphal story about a former president”

Meaning: relating to physical, especially sexual, needs and activities
Synonym: sensual, erotic, lustful, lascivious
Antonym: spiritual
Sentence:”carnal desire”


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HINDU Newspaper Vocabulary for RBI ASSISTANT MAINS Exams 2017

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Meaning: Adaptability of mind or character
Synonym: flexible, ductile, elastic
Antonym: not flexible, hard
Sentence:”he was valued for his reliability and pliability”

Meaning: a change of circumstances or fortune, typically one that is unwelcome or unpleasant.
Synonym: mutation, modification, transition
Sentence: “her husband’s sharp vicissitudes of fortune”

3. Alacrity
Meaning: brisk and cheerful readiness
Synonym: eagerness, willingness, readiness
Sentence: “she accepted the invitation with alacrity”

4. Agnostic
Meaning: a person who believes that nothing is known or can be known of the existence or nature of God
Synonym: sceptic, doubter,
Sentence: After my husband became agnostic, he stopped going to church because of his doubt about god’s existence 

5. Alms
Meaning: Money or goods contributed to the poor
Synonym: dole, donation, assistance
Antonym: hindrance, injury
Sentence:She stopped, gave him an alms and then continued on her way.

6. Labyrinth
Meaning: a complicated irregular network of passages or paths in which it is difficult to find one’s way; a maze
Synonym: maze, rabbit warren, warren
Sentence: a complex labyrinth of tunnels and chambers

Meaning: incongruously varied in appearance or character; disparate
Synonym: miscellaneous, disparate, diverse
Antonym: homogeneous, uniform
Sentence:”a motley crew of discontents and zealots”

Meaning: showing a lack of courage or determination; timid.
Synonym: cowardly, recreant, spineless, unheroic
Antonym: audacious, bold, brazen,
Sentence: pusillanimous politicians who vote according to whichever way the political wind is blowing

9. Enormity
Meaning: Horribleness
Synonym: depravity, evil
Antonym: delight, esteem
Sentence:He turned over and closed his eyes, as if to reflect on its enormity.

Meaning: showing great attention to detail or correct behaviour.
Synonym: meticulous, conscientious, careful, diligent, attentive,
Antonym: careless, easy-going, slapdash
Sentence: “he was punctilious in providing every amenity for his guests”


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