Here we are with clear and detail concept of Blood Relation:
• Blood Relation is a must-do part of the exam. As it may come for 5 marks and you know every mark is important.
• In Blood Relation question certain information is given about the members of the family. Based on that information you need to find out the relationship between a particular member of the family.
• Now, take a look at below given “Generation Table” which will help you to understand the different relationship.

Blood relation For Bank PO

we are presenting the relation in two different forms:

1. Relations of paternal side:
i. Father’s Father – Grandfather
ii. Father’s Mother – Grandmother
iii. Father’s Brother – Uncle
iv. Father’s Sister – Aunt
v. Children of Uncle – cousin vi. Wife of Uncle – Aunt vii. Children of Aunt – Cousin viii. Husband of Aunt – Uncle
2. Relations of maternal side:
i. Mother’s Father – Maternal Grandfather
ii. Mother’s Mother –Maternal Grandmother
iii. Mother’s Brother – Maternal Uncle
iv. Mother’s Sister – Aunt
v. Children of Maternal Uncle – Cousin
vi. Wife of Maternal uncle – Maternal Aunt
• The solve questions of Blood Relations easily, you can take help of “Generation Tree”.

 Types of questions asked from Blood Relations: 

1. Based on Dialogue or Conversation
2. Based on Puzzles
3. Based on Symbolically coded
Based on Conversation or Dialogue-
In this type of questions, the one person talking to or doing chit-chat with other person giving information by pointing to some picture or person.
Example: Pointing to a lady on the stage, Monika said, “She is the sister of the son of the wife of my husband.” How is the lady related to Monika?
Solution: Find who you can easily relate to and be that person-then go about creating one relation after another.
In this question, be Monika-then start from the end of the sentence.
“My husband” = Monika’s husband
‘Wife of my husband’ = is me = Monika
‘Son of the wife of my husband’ = My Son
‘Sister of the Son of the wife of my Husband’ = My Son’s Sister = My daughter
‘She’ is the sister of the son of the wife of my husband’ = the lady on the stage = the lady being pointed out = my daughter.
So, the lady on the stage is Monika’s daughter.
Based on Puzzles: 
In this type of question, you have to conclude the relations between two given person based on more than one information given in the question.
Example: In a family of eight people, there is three generations and two couples. R is the brother of Z, who is the grandchild of X. X is married to P. L is the father of Z. P is the father in law of U.  L is the brother of Y and K. K is the aunt of Z. How is P related to K?
(a) Grandfather
(b) father in law
(c) Father
(d) Mother
(e) None of these
So, P is the father of K.
Based on Symbols: 
In this type of question, information is coded in the form of symbols life D, #, $, % ……. etc.
Example: Read the following information carefully.
(i) P % Q means P is the father of Q.
(ii) P @ Q means P is the brother of Q.
(iii) P $ Q means P is the daughter of Q.
(iv) P * Q means P is the son of Q.
(v) P © Q means P is the mother of Q
(vi) P & Q means P is the wife of Q
Who among the following is daughter in law of Z in the relation- ‘T & Y % S & X * Z’ is true?
(a) X
(b) Y
(c) T
(d) S
(e) Can’t be determine

here, from the above generation tree. we can easily find out S is daughter in law of Z.

Study Notes: Direction Sense For Bank PO

Here are the study notes of Reasoning Ability based on Direction Sense which will help you to ace your preparation. Direction Sense is a very important chapter in the reasoning section of any competitive exams.

There are usually 3 – 5 questions in any exam from the topic. So, we are here with detail concept of “Direction Sense” which will help a student in boosting their marks in the exam.
Direction test is introduced to test the ‘sense of direction’ of the candidate. This test is for ascertain the final direction or distance between two points.

Direction Sense For Bank PO

Some important points which should keep in mind while solving direction test:–
  • Always try to use the direction planes as the reference for all the questions.
  • Always mark the starting point and endpoint different from other points.
  • Always be attentive while taking right and/or left turns.
  • While solving the direction test, you should keep in mind the below diagram as reference:–
You should be aware of the basic geometric rule, such as Pythagoras Theorem.
AC^2=AB^2+ BC^2
∴AC=√(AB^2+BC^2 )
Where  ∆ABC is a right-angled triangle
Example 1- Harsh starts walking and covers a distance of 10 m towards the north and after that 10 m towards east. He then turned to the south and covered 5 m. Further, he turns to the east and moves 8 m. Finally, he turned right and walks 9 m. What is the shortest distance between his final and initial point and in which direction he is finally from his starting point?
Example 2- Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.
Harsh starts walking in the south direction and after walking 7m he takes a left turn and walks 8m. From there, he takes another left turn and walks 4m and after that, he takes a right turn and covers a distance of 4 m. Finally, he moves in the west direction and covers a distance of 8 m to reach his destination.
What is the direction of Harsh’s final position with respect to his initial position and what is the distance between Harsh’s initial position and his final position?
Sol. 
What is the direction of Sam with respect to Harsh’s initial position, if Sam is standing to the south of Harsh’s final position at a distance of 10 m?
Sol.  Southeast
Example 3- Read the information carefully and answer the question:
Point J is 5m north of point R. Point K is 12m east of point J. Point M is 3m north of point K. Point L is 18m west of point M. Point D and R lies in a straight line horizontally. Point D is south of point L.
In which direction is point L with respect to J?
Sol. north-west
What is the shortest distance between point K and R?
Sol. 

 

      

RBI has released the official notificiaton of RBI Grade B 2019 in the month of September. The last date of filling online application of RBI Grade B officer 2019 is 11th October 2019. Candidates aspiring to pursue their career with Reserve Bank of India (RBI) must apply online on the official website. As per RBI Grade B Notification 2019, the prelims exam is to be conducted to be held on 9th November while the mains stage of RBI Grade B officer exam is to be held on 1-2nd December 2019. Aspirants appearing for RBI Grade B must be looking for the best strategy to crack RBI Grade B exam. It is not going to be an easy task as RBI throws new challenges every year in RBI Grade B exam.

RBI Grade B exam is conducted in three stages: preliminary, mains and interview. The prelims stage consist of general awareness, reasoning, quantitative aptitude and english and is of objective in nature. The mains stage of RBI Grade B exam is both objective and descriptive in nature. There is sectional cut-off in RBI Grade B exam. So, you have to give time to every section accordingly. RBI Grade B exam pattern is very different. Unlike, other banking examination, RBI Grade B exam pattern is more general awareness centric. Still, as per the marking pattern, the need is to ace every section properly. RBI throws challenge every year to RBI Grade B officer aspirants. So, candidates be ready to face the challenge.

This article is dedicated to strategize your preparation for Reasoning section for RBI Grade B 2019. Here we will let you know the things to give you assurity of reasoning section of RBI Grade B exam.

Reasoning Preparation for RBI Grade B 2019

Reasoning forms a major portion in RBI Grade B preliminary examination after the general awareness section. It carries a total of 60 marks with 60 questions in total that is almost very scoring. So, reasoning section is very significant with but obvious reason. It is also an tricky area to deal with but once you start getting the right way to ace the topics, you will consider this section as the most interesting and easy to handle. Here are tips to preparation for RBI Grade B to ace reasoning section:

Previous Year Papers: The previous year paper’s are very significant as they gives an overall insight of the type of examination. Go through atleast 5-7 year previous year’s question paper that can give you an idea of the scoring areas and the level of increasng difficulty.

Syllabus: The syllabus for RBI Grade B prelims is not well defined. However, you can check previous year’s paper and other bank examination syllabus for reasoning that is almost the same. The topics covered in the syllabus for RBI Grade B are given below:

  • Syllogistic reasoning
  • Relationship Concepts
  • Statement conclusion
  • Seating Arrangement
  • Analogies Space Visualization
  • Similarities and Differences
  • Decision Making
  • Problem-Solving
  • Arithmetical Number Series
  • Differences
  • Arithmetical Reasoning
  • Analysis
  • Judgement
  • Visual memory
  • Observation
  • Discrimination
  • Verbal and Figure Classification
  • Non-verbal series
  • Coding Decoding

Speed Test: This is the most important step that should not be missed at any cost. Speed test comes in full length as well as section-wise. It is important as it will not only provide you with a sectional time management but also helps in maintaining speed and accuracy. Do not ever leave this step. This can take you a step backward and snatch your chance to crack the exam.

Tricks: Reasoning section demands solution by tricks. You can not manually solve the tricky questions thrown by RBI in its Grade B examination. Try youtube videos and other techniques available on internet to help you deal th problems. It will save your time and energy. For more details, you can click in the link below.

Click here to get topic-wise reasoning notes

Revision: The topics of resoning needs less time in revision, once you are done with it. This does not mean that you do not need revision. You should revise every scoring topic as this section can fetch you marks easily in the examination.

Practice: This topics demands practice. So, practice as much as can as it can only increase your accuracy level in the reasoning section of RBI Grade B exam.

Top scoring topics of Reasoning in RBI Grade B exam

Although you should go through with all the topics but there are some top-scoring topics that can make you sail through the RBI Grade B exam. They are as follows:

  • Blood relations
  • Input output
  • Syllogism
  • Puzzles
  • Seating Arrangement
  • Data Sufficiency
  • Critical Reasoning

So, aspirants, we wish you all the best for the exam. 

You may also like to read:

Click here to get free study material for RBI Grade B 2019

Study Notes: Input-Output For Bank PO

Input-Output play an important role in an examination. 5 Questions come from this topic in every PO and Clerk level examination. Using a right approach you can easily score a good marks in this topic.

In input-output problems you are asked to imagine that there is some kind of computer or a word-procesing machine and this machine performs some operations on a given input. These operations are performed repeatedly as per a per-fixed pattern or rule and subsequently we have different output in different steps.

These (Input-output) types of questions regularly come in the competitive examinations (specially Bank PO exam).
Although they may look complex but they are not so tough only factor in that they are time consuming and time is
premium in a competitive test these days.
Guidelines: (Approach for solving the questions)
(1) Our 1st step will be to see the input.
(2) In 2nd step, we should see the final output.
(3) And at last, we should focus on first step and so on to understand the pattern of arrangement.

Types of pattern followed in Input-output:
* Words are in ascending order.
For example : a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i……
* Words are in descending order
For example : X, W, S, P, K, H, D…….
* Number are in ascending order.
For example : 1, 2, 7, 9, 10, 13, 17, 22, ……….
* Numbers are in descending order.
For example : 29, 26, 24, 21, 17, 13, 10, 9, 7, 4,…….
* count of words are in ascending order.
For example : I, do, pen, wise, Mango, should ……….
* Count of words are in descending order.
For example : Mangoes, could, kite can, so, I,…..
* Sum of digits in ascending order
For example : 10, 11, 21, 13, 32, 51, 61, 81, 28……..
* Sum of digits in descending order.
For example : 28, 81, 61, 51, 32, 13, 21, 11, 10……

Points to Remember
(1) In Input-output, the most important thing is to understand the pattern of the steps, how they are arranging.
(2) Looking at the last and other steps, you can understand the pattern of question.
(3) Be careful in mix shifting pattern, i.e. shifting from both left and right side.
(4) Some times characters/digits get automatically arranged in steps. So, for that step another
increasing/decreasing characters/digits should be arranged.
(5) The most important thing is to be noted that from given step, previous step can’t be determined.

Example 1- Input: 2568 7625 9732 8214 1129 4622
Step I: 8652 7652 9732 8421 9211 6422
Step II: 6422 7652 8421 8652 9211 9732
Step III: 62 72 81 82 91 92
Step IV: 4 5 7 6 8 7
Explanation: Logic- For step I- All the digits of the given numbers are arranged in descending order within the numbers.
For Step II- All the numbers obtained in step I are arranged in ascending order from the left end.
For Step III- middle two digits of the numbers are omitted.
For step IV- The digits of the numbers obtained in step III are subtracted.

Example 2- Input: phase 73 iconic 24 record 15 under 39 summer 54 36 across
Step I: 24 phase iconic record 15 under 39 summer 54 36 across 73
Step II: phase 24 iconic record 15 39 summer 54 36 across 73 under
Step III: 36 phase 24 iconic record 15 summer 54 across 73 under 39
Step IV: record 36 phase 24 15 summer 54 across 73 under 39 iconic
Step V: 54 record 36 phase 24 summer across 73 under 39 iconic 15
Step VI: summer 54 record 36 phase 24 73 under 39 iconic 15 across
Exaplanation: Logic- (i) The words and numbers are arranged in alternatively in every step starting from the numbers. Two words/number are arranged in each step.
(ii) Even numbers are arranged at the leftmost end in increasing order, while the odd numbers are arranged at the rightmost end in decreasing order in each alternate step.
(iii) The words starting with a consonant are arranged at the left most end in increasing alphabetical order and the words starting with a vowel are arranged at the rightmost end in decreasing alphabetical order in each step.

Example 3- Input: 53 86 22 15 48 93 37 74
Step I: 22 53 86 15 48 93 37 74
Step II: 93 22 53 86 15 48 37 74
Step III: 48 93 22 53 86 15 37 74
Step IV: 53 48 93 22 86 15 37 74
Step V: 74 53 48 93 22 86 15 37
Step VI: 37 74 53 48 93 22 86 15
Step VII: 86 37 74 53 48 93 22 15
Step VIII: 15 86 37 74 53 48 93 22
Explaination: Logic- One even and one odd number are arranged in each alternate step.
Even numbers are arranged at the leftmost end in increasing order, while the odd numbers are arranged at the leftmost end in decreasing order in each alternate step.

 
 
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Statement & Assumptions plays an important role in the logical part of an examination. “2–3” questions come from this chapter in every “PO” level exam. Clear concept, right thinking, and sufficient practice can help you to do questions from this chapter easily. Questions in this chapter consist of a statement (which consists of facts, observations, advertisements, appeals, advice, notices) and followed by assumptions, of which the validity is to be checked.
Format of question:-

Directions: In each question below a statement is followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and then decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer:-
(a) if only assumption I is implicit.
(b) if only assumption II is implicit.
(c) if either assumption I or II is implicit.
(d) if neither assumption I nor II is implicit.
(e) if both assumption I and II are implicit.

Statement: More commuters now travel by this route, but there is no public demand for more buses.
Assumptions: I. The number of buses depends upon the number of passengers.
II. Usually, people do not tolerate inconvenience.
→ So, to attempt this type of question, you have to first read the statement carefully and to analyze the assumption to decided which assumption will follow.

Now the question arises what is an assumption?

Assumption:- An assumption is the hidden part of the statement which is assumed/supposed and taken for granted. Something that is not clearly mentioned in the statement, but is an integrated part of it. when somebody says something he does not put everything, every aspect of his idea into words. There is a lot which he leaves unsaid. That which he leaves unsaid, that which he takes for granted, may be defined as an assumption.

For example:- Let’s take an example of a five-story building made of glass and steel pillars. Now, the glass, the steel pillars can be clearly seen, but the foundation or base of the building is hidden or not clearly seen. This analogy can be used to explain the question type. The glass, pillars that can be clearly seen are parts of the building. This building is the statement of the question. On the other hand, the foundation is the hidden part, not clearly seen, which is the assumption. So, the assumption is the hidden or the implicit part of the statement without which the statement cannot exist.

Important Notes:- 
(1) Always check whether an assumption is implicit or not by “keeping yourself in the shoes of the subject”.
(2) Think from the perspective of the person saying the line in the statement, the person giving the advertisement, the person advising someone etc.
(3) Always be careful of the keywords used in the sentence, such as, most, only, all, best, definitely etc. The statement is supposed to be read carefully to pick the right assumption.

As you know, in examination every second is precious.
So, now we are providing you some important key points which will help you to analyze the assumption in less time.
(1) Some words like only, each, any, every, all, question indicating words (why, what), answer indicating words (therefore), Definitely, But, Certainly exist in the assumption and that assumption will always be explicit (False)
(2) Some words like some, to a large extent, many much exist in the assumption and that will always be implicit (True).
(3) Any assumption that is conveying the message of advertisement, notice, and appeal, that assumption will always be implicit (True).
(4) Any assumption that’s talking about social welfare (positive), govt. policies that assumption will always be implicit (True).
(5) If any assumption showing the word like suggestion, order, request that will always be implicit (True).

Now we are providing you some example for better understanding:-

(1) Statement:-
“We offer the best training in the field of computers” –an advertisement.
Assumptions:- I. People are interested in getting training in computers.
II. People want the best training.
Solution:- Since an advertisement offers “best training” in the field of “computers”, it must have been assumed by the advertisers that people want “computer training and that they want the “best training”. So, both assumptions are implicit.

(2) Statement :-
An advertisement in a newspaper – “wanted unmarried, presentable matriculate girls between 18 and 21, able to speak fluently in English, to be hired as models”.
Assumptions:- I. Fluency in English is a prerequisite for good performance a model.
II. Height does not matter in performing as a model.
Solution:- Since the advertisement wants girls “able to speak fluently in English” it must have assumed that fluency in English is a requirement for a good model. But height as a criterion is not described in the statement so, only 1st assumption will implicit.

(3) Statement:- “Hungry stomachs do not understand high values and economic ethics. They will vote for a man who gives them rice”. – A political analyst on why a particular party won the election.
Assumptions:- I. A lot of people are hungry.
II. Rice was not available previously.
III. Rice was available only in limited quantities.
Solution:- The analyst talks of hungry stomachs, so people with hungry stomachs must be existing. It means that 1st is implicit. II is not implicit although it looks otherwise. Some rice must have been available only in a limited amount (otherwise people wouldn’t have been hungry). Hence, III is implicit.

(4) Statement:- “Why should we not protest? When we ask for drinking water they give us Pepsi and Coca-Cola”. –A politician in an interview.
Assumptions:- I. Only drinking water is good for people’s health.
II. Providing people with drinking water is more important than providing Pepsi and Coca-Cola.
III. Pepsi and Coca-Cola do not contain healthy drinking water.
Solution:- Only the IInd assumption will implicit.
Politician considers drinking water more important than Pepsi and Coca-Cola than only he shows anger. And 1st and IIIrd cannot be assumed because in 1st assumption “only” is mentioned and we cannot assume that Pepsi and Coca-Cola do not contain healthy drinking water.

(5) Statement:- Students at school ‘A’ must get a better education than students at school ‘B’ because the grade point average of students at school ‘A’ is higher than that of students at school ‘B’.
The claim above depends upon which of the following assumptions? 
I. The average grade earned by students is a good measure of the quality of education that a student receives.
II. Extracurricular activities at school ‘A’ are given more emphasis than at school ‘B’.
III. The grading standards at the two high schools are roughly the same.
Solution:- The conclusion about better education at school A is made by comparing the grades. But grades in the two schools are awarded separately. Hence the conclusion couldn’t be valid unless it was assumed that the grading systems of the two schools were alike. Hence III is implicit. Now if better grading means better education, I is implicit. II is not because nothing is mentioned of extracurricular activities.
We have given our best to make you understand the concept of “Statement and Assumptions” with some different examples with their explanation. Hope you will be able to get things clear.

 
 
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Study Notes: Course of Action For Bank PO

reasoning-study-notes

Study Notes: Course of Action For Bank PO

Today we’ll discuss the Cource of Action. This topic is can fetch you marks easily but you need to know the right concepts and types of questions to practice. So, here we are with clear and detail concept of Courses of Action.

Continue reading “Study Notes: Course of Action For Bank PO”

Study Notes: Seating Arrangement For Bank PO

reasoning-study-notes
Study Notes: Seating Arrangement For Bank PO

Today we’ll discuss about Seating Arrangement. This topic is can fetch you marks easily but you need to know the right concepts and types of questions to practice. 

In banking exams Seating Arrangement questions can be asked in itself or Data Sufficiency. Usually 10-12 questions can be asked from this topic, thus it can fetch you easy marks with right practice.
Introduction
⇒ In seating arrangement, we are generally asked to arrange a group of people according to the given conditions. They may have to be seated around a table, the table could be of any shape-circular, square, rectangular, pentagonal or any other. To solve seating arrangement problems on the basis of the information given in the equation.
⇒ It is one of the important part of the reasoning section for any competitive exam (specially Bank PO). In this part, questions are based on set of information containing set of conditions which gives hidden information followed by set of questions.
⇒ These type of questions judge the ability of a candidates to analyze the information and solve the questions by the help of pictorial figures.
CONCEPTS:
 Linear arrangement: – In this arrangement, there can be single row or parallel rows facing each other or opposite.
(i) 
(Directions if the people are facing north)
(ii) 
(Directions if the people are facing South)
(iii) 
(Directions if the people are seating parallel to each other facing South and North)
Circular Arrangement: In this Arrangement, people are sitting around a circle facing towards or outside the centre.
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
Rectangular/square Arrangement: In this Arrangement, people are sitting around a rectangle or square facing towards or outside the centre.
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
(People sitting at middle of the side, facing the centre and people sitting at edge/corner facing outside the centre)
Important points to be noted during solving the questions:
☞ Step I: The data given in such questions specify the positions of some or all the individuals in arrangement. The positions are specified through conditions involving specified persons sitting (or not sitting) opposite each other or a particular person sitting to the right of left of another person etc.
☞ Step II: Once you read the data, first draw the shape (Circle, square, rectangle, pentagaon, etc) specified in the data and then mark the slots (empty spaces) in the sitting arrangement.
☞ Step III: Using all definite information, fill up as many slots (empty places) as possible. Means always be careful to choose the correct starting point. Those information which are (100%) confirm should be taken first.
☞ Step IV: Never assume anything in the questions.
☞ Step V: In case, if information cannot be use, mark that information and use them, later when the problems calls for it.
☞ Step VI: Now, move on the comparative information. Taking comparative information and consider all possibilities and choose the possibility which does not violate any condition.
☞ Step VII: Be careful with certain words like “not”, “only”, “who”, “and”.
☞ Step VIII:  Some gender defining terms are like “him”, “her”, “he”, “she” will help you decode the information.

Some specific type of statements:
☞ A is between B and C
⇒ In this case there are two possibilities
☞  A, who is 3rd to the left of B
 ☞ A, who is third to the right of B
☞ B is sitting to the immediate left of A, who is sitting to the immediate left of C.
☞ B, who is sitting to the immediate left of A and to the immediate right of C. 
☞ B and C are adjacent of A:-
 In this case there are two possibilities
Example 1:
Eight persons P, Q, R, S, T, U, V and W are sitting in a circular table but not necessary in same order. Two persons sit between R and Q. Two persons sit between R and S. V sits third to the right of P who is not immediate neighbor of S and Q. W sits opposite to T. U sits immediate right of W. S does not sit third to the left of W.
Example 2:
Ten persons are sitting in two parallel rows containing five persons in each row such a way that there is an equal distance between adjacent persons. In row-1, A, B, C, D and E are seated and all of them are facing south. In row-2, P, Q, R, S and T are seated and all of them are facing north. Therefore, in the given seating arrangement, each member seated in a row faces another member of the other row.
T sits third to the right of Q. The persons facing P sits to the immediate right of B. Only one person sits between B and D. P sits second to the left of T.  A is not an immediate neighbor of B. Only two people sit between A and C. Neither B nor A faces S.

Game Of Puzzle And Seating Arrangement | Round 8

Its time for Round 6 of Bankersadda’s Game of Puzzles to help you with the most important part of reasoning i.e puzzles. Are you ready for yet another challenge, a task, a new puzzle to be solved? Puzzles and seating arrangement topic is very important for every banking aspirant to be it IBPS, SBI or any other exam because the majority of the questions will be asked from this section only. You have to be wise while picking up the right puzzle that can be solved within the shortest time.



Are you ready to learn the basic concepts of the puzzle? Watch the instructions and then watch out the video solution for the same.



Directions (1-5): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions: 
Seven managers namely C, D, F, G, H, J, and K live on different floors of a seven-story building, but not necessarily in the same order. The lowermost floor is numbered-1 and the above floor is numbered-2 and so on until the topmost floor is numbered 7. Also, each of them works on different companies viz. TCS, RIL, ITC, ONGC, Infosys, NTPC and Indigo, but not necessarily in the same order.
K lives on the 3rd floor. C lives above the one who works in Indigo. There are two floors between the floor on which H and F live. The one who works in NTPC lives on the 1st floor. H lives just above the one who works in Infosys. F lives on an odd number floor. J lives just below the one, who works in ITC. Only one floor between the one who works in RIL and D. There are three floors between the one who works in TCS and C. H does not work in RIL and ONGC.

Q1. Who among the following manager works in TCS?
(a) G
(b) F
(c) J
(d) H
(e) None of these

Q2. Which of the following groups live on even-numbered floors? 
(a) J, D, H
(b) C, G, H
(c) C, D, H
(d) G, H, J
(e) None of these

Q3. In which of the following company does F work? 
(a) ONGC
(b) RIL
(c) NTPC
(d) ITC
(e) None of these

Q4. How many floors are between the one, who works in Infosys and D?
(a) One
(b) Three
(c) Two 
(d) None
(e) None of these

Q5. Who among the following manager lives on the 5th floor?
(a) J
(b) F
(c) D
(d) C
(e) None of these.

Having difficulty? Check out for video solution.

Here is the Challenge for you. Solve this puzzle in 3-4 minutes and analyze how much have you learned today.

Directions (6-10): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions:

Seven Boxes E, F, G, H, J, K, and L are contained different sweets viz. Malpua, Halwa, Laddu, Barfi, Katli, Jalebi, and Peda are arranged one above the other, but not necessarily in the same order. The box at the bottom is numbered 1 and the above box is numbered 2 and so on till topmost box is numbered 7.
Box L does not contain Malpua. Box F is placed just below box J. More than two boxes are placed below the box that contains Malpua. The box that contains Barfi is placed just above E. Only one box is placed between box K and the box that contains Malpua. Box L is placed just below the box that contains Jalebi. Only one box is placed between box F and the box that contains Halwa. There are two boxes are placed between the boxes that contain Halwa and Peda. The box that contains Laddu is placed neither at the top nor at the bottom. There are two boxes are placed between the boxes those contains Barfi and Malpua. Box F is placed below the box that contains Halwa. Box G is placed just below box K. Neither box G nor box L contains Barfi.

Q6. Which of the following sweet does Box E contain?
(a) Laddu
(b) Halwa
(c) Jalebi
(d) Peda
(e) None of these

Q7. Which of the following box contains Malpua?
(a) F
(b) H
(c) E
(d) J
(e) None of these

Q8. What is the position of Box H from the bottom?
(a) 2nd
(b) 5th
(c) 3rd
(d) 6th
(e) None of these

Q9. What is the position of the box that contains Laddu from the top?
(a) 3rd
(b) 5th
(c) 2nd
(d) 4th
(e)  None of these

Q10. How many boxes are placed between Box L and the box that contains Katli?
(a) Five
(b) Three
(c) Two
(d) None
(e) None of these

Share how much time you take in solving the puzzle in the comment section below. Challenge yourself every time with a new question.

Syllogism Study Notes for IBPS PO and other Bank Exams

Dear Students,
reasoning-study-notes-for-ibps-exams

Syllogism Study Notes for IBPS PO 

Today we’ll discuss about Syllogism. This topic can fetch you marks easily but you need to know the right concepts and types of questions to practice. 

In banking exams Syllogism questions can be asked in itself. Usually 4-5 questions can be asked from this topic, thus it can fetch you easy marks with right practice.

These questions are usually of the following nature:
Two or more statements are given, and one is supposed to find out all the possible conclusions from the given statements.

Note:- 
1. Consider statements are always truth that is statement are universal truth. This is main concept of syllogism.
2. You must understand their statement and after that, considered on their conclusion.

Statement Type:
Type 1: All Books are pen
Type 2: No Book is pen
Type 3: Some Book are pen
Type 4: Some Book are not pen

Conclusion Type:

Type 1: All Books are pen
Type 2: No Books are pen
Type 3: Some Books are pen
Type 4: Some Books are not pen
Type 5: All Books are pen is a possibilities
Type 6: All Books are not pen is a possibilities
Type 7: At least some books are pen

There are three types of conclusion in syllogism-

1. Positive- where we are 100% sure.
2. Negative- In this, we are sure that it doesn’t
3. Possibility- In this we are not 100% sure but Possible case may occur. In syllogism, a conclusion which is not 100% sure, it’s possibilities can happen i.e we are doubtful in saying it but the possibility may occur

1. Positive conclusion:

Statements: All mad are bad. All bad is crazy. All crazy are mango
Conclusion:
All mad are crazy – right
All bad are mango – right
Some mad are mango – right
Some mango are crazy – right
Some crazy are bad – right
Some bad are mango – right
All crazy are mad – wrong
All mango are bad – wrong
All bad are mad – wrong
Here- In positive sentences Negative and possible conclusions are false.
2. Negative conclusion:
Statements: All book is notes. All notes is marker. No notes is pen.
Conclusion:
No book is pen- (correct): here no notes is pen so no book is pen is right.
No Pen is Notes- (correct)
3. Possibility conclusion: In syllogism, conclusion which is not 100% sure, it’s possibilities can happen i.e we are doubtful in saying it but possibility may occurs.
Statements: Some blue are green. Some grey is blue. All green are white 
Conclusions:  
Some grey is white is a possibility-(right)
All green are grey is a possibility-(right)
Some Blue is white is a possibility-(wrong) Because it is a definite case. So condition of possibility is wrong.
COMPLEMENTARY PAIR: (Either or condition):
Conditions of complementary pairs. 

1. Some + No:
Example: Statements: Some classroom are smart. Some smart are music.
Conclusion: 
Some classroom are music
No music is classroom
Or
Some classroom are music
No classroom are music
2. All + Some Not:
Example: Statements: All Guava are Papaya. Some Papaya are Mango. Some Apple are Mango. 
Conclusion:
All apple are papaya
Some apple are not papaya
Note: All apple is papaya + Some papaya are not apple (is not complementary pair).
Concept of Only a few and Only:

1. Only a few:  Means some but not all.
Example: Statements: All mango are orange. Only a few orange is banana. some banana are apples.
Conclusions:
Some banana is orange. (right)
All banana is orange is a possibility. (right)
All orange is banana is a possibility. (wrong) This condition is false because only a few orange is banana.
2. Only: Only A is B means All B is A. But no other things will be related with B.
Example: Statements: Only mango are Orange.  Some mango are Fruits.  Some Apple are Fruits. 
Conclusion:
Some fruits are mango.(Correct)
Some Apple are mango is a possibility. (correct)
Note: A Few, Many, Most, Atleast is considered as ‘some’.



Game Of Puzzle And Seating Arrangement | Round -7

Game Of Puzzle And Seating Arrangement | Round -2

As we announced the Activity Game Of Puzzle And Seating Arrangement to be conducted on every Wednesday and Friday on bankersadda, so here is the seventh round of this amazing activity. The motto of conducting this game is to make you all learn about the basic to advance level of the concept of the puzzles. As Puzzle and seating arrangements are the part and parcel of every exam, so one needs to be very good at this topic. As you, all know due to the revised pattern, and the increasing complexity in this part, it has become difficult to understand each and every basic concept regarding a different number of puzzles. According to the recent pattern in the banking examination, changes have been observed like calculation based puzzles were also introduced to increase the difficulty level of the exam. 


Here Adda247 is presenting the seventh round of the Activity- Game of puzzle and seating arrangement. Today’s questions of the puzzle are based on Seating arrangement We are providing video solution of one puzzle and another one is to be done by yourself. 


 Are you ready to learn the basic concepts of the puzzle? Watch the instructions and then watch out the video solution for the same.



Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions:
Eight friends E, F, G, H, Z, Y, X, and W are sitting around a circular table at an equal distance, but not necessarily in the same order. Some of them are facing towards the center while rest are facing outside to the center.
E sits second to the left of the one who sits immediate right of Z. Both the immediate neighbors of E face the opposite direction. More than three and less than six friends are facing towards the center. Y sits immediate left of W. Z is an immediate neighbor of W. Both the immediate neighbors of Z face same direction. F sits third to the right of G. X sits third to the left of E. H and X faces the same direction but faces the opposite direction to F. F does not sit between Z and X. Y is facing towards the center.

Q1. Who among the following sits third to the right of X? 
(a) Z
(b) W
(c) F
(d) Y
(e) None of these

Q2. What is the position of H with respect to F?
(a) Second to the right
(b) Immediate right
(c) Fourth to the left
(d) Immediate left
(e) None of these

Q3. If ‘E’ is related to ‘G’ and ‘H’ is related to ‘W’ in a certain way, then ‘Y’ is related to which of the following? 
(a) Z
(b) F
(c) E
(d) X
(e) None of these

Q4. Who among the following person sits opposite to F?
(a) H
(b) Z
(c) Y
(d) E
(e) None of these


Q5. What is the position of G with respect to Y? 
(a) Third to the right
(b) Second to the left
(c) Third to the left
(d) Immediate right
(e) None of these

 Having difficulty? Check out for video solution.









Here is the Challenge for you. Solve this puzzle in 4 minutes and analyze how much have you learned today.


Second Puzzle- Do It yourself

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions:
Seven gym trainers namely P, Q, R, S, T, U, and V attends a seminar on different days of the same week in a hotel. Each of them suggests a different protein powder i.e. Protein X, Pentasure 2.0, GNC Beyond, BSN Syntha, Isopure, Optimum and Muscle Blaze. Days are starting from Monday to Sunday. 
U does not attend a seminar on Saturday. T and R do not like Optimum.
V does not attend a seminar on Tuesday and does not suggest Pentasure 2.0. The trainer, who suggest for BSN Syntha attend a seminar on Thursday. T attends a seminar on Wednesday but does not suggest for Pentasure 2.0. S suggest GNC Beyond but does not attend a seminar on Monday and Friday. The trainer, who suggest for Protein X attend a seminar on Friday, but he is not U. R attend a seminar on Monday. P does not attend a seminar on Saturday. Q suggest for Isopure. S does not attend a seminar on Saturday and Sunday. P does not suggest BSN Syntha and Protein X. 
Q6. Which of the following protein powder does suggest by T?
(a) BSN Syntha
(b) GNC Beyond
(c) Muscle Blaze
(d) Either (a) or (c)
(e) None of these

Q7. Who among the following trainer attends a seminar on Tuesday?
(a) R
(b) Q
(c) T
(d) S
(e) None of these
Q8. On which of the following days does U attend the seminar?
(a) Monday
(b) Thursday
(c) Wednesday
(d) Sunday
(e) None of these
Q9. Which of the following combinations is false?
(a) S – GNC Beyond – Tuesday
(b) U – BSN Syntha – Thursday
(c) P – Muscle Blaze – Sunday
(d) Q – Isopure – Saturday
(e) None of these
Q10. V attend a seminar on which of the following days?
(a) Sunday
(b) Saturday
(c) Wednesday
(d) Monday

(e) None of these

Share how much time you take in solving the puzzle in the comment section below. Challenge yourself every time with a new question.