Wednesday, 29 November 2017

Vocab For Banking Examinations From The Hindu Newspaper

Dear Readers,


Vocabulary is an important part of English that helps you deal with all kinds of questions in objective as well as descriptive papers of various exams. You can learn new words daily from our Daily Word List. Learn the words and make your own sentences on the basis of the given word list. Here are a few lines from The Hindu.

Example: Mr. Ghani is yet to begin delivering on his promise to streamline governance.

1. Streamline [streem-lahyn] 
Noun: a teardrop line of contour offering the least possible resistance to a current of air, water, etc.; the path of a particle that is flowing steadily and without turbulence in a fluid past an object.
Verb: to make streamlined.
Synonyms: consolidate, integrate, rationalize, unify, accumulate, amalgamate, assemble, compact.
Antonyms: divide, separate, disorder, disorganize, disperse, enlarge.

Example: Do you call an ineffectual, hapless person or a schlemiel?

2. Hapless [hap-lis]
Adjective: unlucky; luckless; unfortunate.
Synonyms: unlucky, woeful, behind the eightball, cursed, hexed, ill-fated, ill-, red, infelicitous.
Antonyms: happy, fortuitous, fortunate, lucky, well-off.

3. Schlemiel [shluh-meel]
Noun: an awkward and unlucky person for whom things never turn out right.
Synonyms: blockhead, boob, bungler, dimwit, dope, dork, dumbbell.
Antonyms: brain, genius.

Example: A particular brand of intelligentsia, finding itself marginalised in the national discourse, is visibly uncomfortable with the massive mandate of 2014.

4. Intelligentsia [in-tel-i-jent-see-uh, -gent-]
Noun: intellectuals considered as a group or class, especially as a cultural, social, or political elite.
Synonyms: circle, club, company, degree, family, grade, league, place, position, ancestry, birth.
Antonyms: unemployment, conclusion, consequence, death, effect, end, outgrowth, result.

5. Marginalize [mahr-juh-nl-ahyz]
Verb: to place in a position of marginal importance, influence, or power.
Synonyms: criticize, demean, deprecate, diminish, disparage, belittle, depreciate, dismiss.
Antonyms: elevate, praise, promote, celebrate, value, acclaim, adulate.

6. Discourse [noun dis-kawrs, -kohrs, dis-kawrs, -kohrs; verb dis-kawrs, -kohrs]
Noun: communication of thought by words; talk; conversation; a formal discussion of a subject in speech or writing, as a dissertation, treatise, sermon, etc.
Verb: to communicate thoughts orally; talk; converse.
Synonyms: communication, conversation, discussion, essay, lecture, monologue, rhetoric, speech.
Antonyms: quiet, silence.

7. Mandate [man-deyt]
Noun: a command or authorization to act in a particular way on a public issue given by the electorate to its representative; a command from a superior court or official to a lower one.
Verb: to authorize or decree (a particular action), as by the enactment of law; to order or require; make mandatory; to consign (a territory, colony, etc.) to the charge of a particular nation under a mandate.
Synonyms: authorization, command, decree, directive, injunction, instruction, sanction.
Antonyms: breach, break, denial, question, refusal, request.

Example: Mind the diversity It’s inherent to our nation’s character and defiling it will be counterproductive.

8. Inherent [in-heer-uh nt, -her-] 
Adjective: existing in someone or something as a permanent and inseparable element, quality, or attribute; inhering.
Synonyms: built-in, constitutional, deep-rooted, deep-seated, essential, fundamental, genetic, implicit, ingrained.
Antonyms: acquired, auxiliary, extra, extrinsic, learned, minor.

9. Defile [dih-fahyl]
Verb: to make foul, dirty, or unclean; pollute; taint; debase; to violate the chastity of; to make impure for ceremonial use; desecrate; to sully, as a person's reputation.
Synonyms: besmirch, debase, degrade, desecrate, discolor, dishonor, sully.
Antonyms: elevate, honor, praise, upgrade, assist, clean cleanse.

10. Counterproductive [koun-ter-pruh-duhk-tiv]
Adjective: thwarting the achievement of an intended goal; tending to defeat one's purpose.
Synonyms: biased, bigoted, damaging, detrimental, disadvantageous, discriminatory, hurtful, inimical.
Antonyms: advantageous, aiding, assisting, beneficial, fair, favorable, friendly.


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