We have started the 56 days Study Plan for IBPS PO Prelims.  This study plan is to efficiently utilise time and hard work to channelise it towards smart work. From now quizzes on Bankersadda will be according to the given study plan and this will help you prepare important topics in limited time.
Today is DAY 28 of the study plan and in Reasoning today’s chapter is Machine Input-Output.

Directions (1-5): Study the given information carefully and answer the given questions:

When a word and number arrangement machine is given an input line of words and numbers, it arranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of an input and rearrangement (All the numbers are two-digit numbers):

Input:  24 method 87 67 of data 34 collection 45 12 specified now
Step I:  12 method 87 67 of data 34 collection 45 specified now 24
Step II:  34 12 method 87 67 of data collection specified now 24 45
Step III:  67 34 12 method of data collection specified now 24 45 87
Step IV:  collection 67 34 12 method of specified now 24 45 87 data
Step V:  method collection 67 34 12 of specified 24 45 87 data now
Step VI:  of method collection 67 34 12 24 45 87 data now specified
And Step VI is the last step of the above arrangement as the intended arrangement is obtained.
As per the rules followed in the given steps, find out the appropriate steps for the given input.

Input:  chemical 68 11 reaction 87 is 21 hard to 53 92 detect

Q1. In which step are the elements ‘to 92 detect 21’ found in the same order?
(a) Sixth
(b) Third
(c) The given order of elements is not found in any step.
(d) Second
(e) Fifth

Q2. What is the position of ‘21’ from the right end in the last step?
(a) Tenth
(b) Eighth
(c) Fifth
(d) Fourth
(e) Sixth

Q3. How many steps are required to complete the rearrangement of the given input?
(a) Five
(b) Six
(c) Seven
(d) Eight
(e) More than Seven

Q4. Which element is fifth to the left of the element which is ninth from the left end of the fourth step?
(a) 11
(b) 87
(c) 53
(d) reaction
(e) chemical

Q5. Which element is exactly between ‘chemical’ and ‘87’ in the second  step of the given arrangement?
(a) 53
(b) hard
(c) reaction
(d) is
(e) 68

Directions (6-10): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

When a word and number arrangement machine is given an input line of words and numbers, it arranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of an input and rearrangement. (All the numbers are two-digit numbers.)

Input:  38 role care 15 25 ball note down 42 45
Step I:  45 38 role care 15 25 note down 42 ball
Step II:  42 45 38 role 15 25 note down ball care
Step III:  38 42 45 role 15 25 note ball care down
Step IV:  25 38 42 45 role 15 ball care down note
Step V:  15 25 38 42 45 ball care down note role
Step VI:  ball care down note role 6 6 7 9 11
And Step VI is the last step of the above arrangement as the intended arrangement is obtained.
As per the rules followed in the given steps, find out the appropriate steps for the given input.

Input:  level establish 56 relation given 48 52 find 37 justify 40 32

Q6. How many steps will be required to complete the arrangement?
(a) Six
(b) Seven
(c) Eight
(d) Nine
(e) None of the above

Q7. In which step are the elements ‘relation 48 52 justify’ found in the same order?
(a) Fourth
(b) Second
(c) Third
(d) The given order of elements is not found in any step.
(e) None of the above

Q8. What is the position of ‘37’ from the left end in the second last step?
(a) Fifth
(b) Fourth
(c) Third
(d) Sixth
(e) None of the above

Q9. Which element is fourth to the left of the element which is tenth from the left end in the last step?
(a) 4
(b) level
(c) 10
(d) relation
(e) None of the above

Q10. What is the position of ‘find’ from the right end in the last step?
(a) Fifth
(b) Fourth
(c) Ninth
(d) Tenth
(e) Eleventh
Directions (11-15): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of an input and its rearrangement:

Input:  each 22 centre 35 28 face bat 37 18 hot let 20
Step I:  37 each 22 centre 35 28 face 18 hot let 20 bat
Step II:  35 37 each 22 28 face 18 hot let 20 bat centre
Step III:  28 35 37 22 face 18 hot let 20 bat centre each
Step IV:  22 28 35 37 18 hot let 20 bat centre each face
Step V:  20 22 28 35 37 18 let bat centre each face hot
Step VI:  18 20 22 28 35 37 bat centre each face hot let
And Step VI is the last step of the above input. As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the given input:

Input:  19 gupta 38 was called 24 45 on 27 41 the day next 35

Q11. How many steps will be required to complete the given rearrangement?
(a) Six
(b) Four
(c) Eight
(d) Seven
(e) None of the above

Q12. Which of the following elements is fourth from the right end in Step IV?
(a) called
(b) day
(c) 35
(d) 27
(e) None of the above

Q13. How many elements are there between ‘19’ and ‘was’ in the second-last step?
(a) None
(b) Ten
(c) Nine
(d) Twelve
(e) None of the above

Q14. Which of the following represents the first two and the last two elements in the last step?
(a) 27, 38; on, the
(b) 27, 35; next, on
(c) 19, 24; the, was
(d) 24, 27; was, the
(e) None of the above

Q15. Which step number is the following output?
38 41 45 19 was 24 on 27 the next 35 called day gupta
(a) Step V
(b) Step III
(c) Step IV
(d) Step VI
(e) None of the above