1.    Nation remembers Shaheed Bhagat Singh on his 106th birth anniversary
i. The Nation is celebrating the 106th birth anniversary of the great son of the soil, Shaheed-e-Azam Bhagat Singh, today. 
ii. Bhagat Singh was born on 28 September, 1907 at Banga, Lyallpur district, in a family which was already involved in revolutionary activities against the British Raj. 
iii. At the mere age of 13, Bhagat Singh joined the freedom movements and made school his secondary choice. 
iv. He followed Gandhi's non-cooperation movement till the time Gandhi withdrew the non-cooperation movement after the 'Chauri-Chaura' incident. 
v. People from all walks of life are paying tribute at his statue erected in the museum situated at his ancestral village Khatkar Kalan of Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar in Punjab. 
iii. Youngsters wearing Bhagat Singh like turbans are participating in it after taking out a march in his memory. Plays depicting his life were also staged at various places.

2.    World Rabies Day Observed on 28 September
i. World Rabies Day observed on 28 September 2013 across the world to raise awareness about the impact of rabies disease and to deliver the message that rabies is preventable.
ii. The theme for the year 2013 is Rabies: Understand it to defeat it. 
iii. World Rabies Day is an initiative of Global Alliance for Rabies Control and the day started it in 2007 to create a global opportunity for people to focus on rabies prevention.

Note: The World Rabies Day is observed each year on 28 September- on the death anniversary of Louis Pasteur who developed the first efficacious rabies vaccine with his colleagues. 
ii. The day aims to raise awareness about the impact of rabies on human beings and animals, and provide information on how to prevent the disease.

3.    World Bank funds project to help 300,000 families in Northeast
i. World Bank funded North East Rural Livelihood Project (NERLP) would be executed in four northeastern states - Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura, to uplift the economic condition of the rural people, officials said.
ii. "Under the NERLP, various livelihood generation schemes including farming would be undertaken in the selected districts of the four northeastern states,
iii. "The NERLP would be implemented in two districts each of the four states, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura, covering three lakh families of 1,624 villages in 58 blocks."
iv. NLUP aims to support 125,000 "Jhumia" (shifting cultivator) families in four phases to settle them under stable agriculture.
v. The project needs to be carried out involving government officials, NGOs and local people without any dishonesty.

4.    Bangladesh begins import of power from India
i. Bangladesh, on Friday, began importing electricity from India on an experimental basis, adding 50 MW to the national grid.
ii. The import, which took roughly three years to materialise after it was decided in 2010, was part of the country’s plan to help ease the crisis.
iii. The test-supply of 50 MW electricity was transmitted on Friday morning through an electrical grid inter-connection point in Bheramara, Kushtia, opposite to West Bengal of India.
iv. A 125-km transmission line has been constructed between Baharampur of India and Bheramara in Bangladesh. Of this, 40 km fell inside Bangladesh.
v. The two countries signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) in 2010 regarding import of 500 MW of power from India. 

5.    Kirit Parikh panel for Rs 1-1.50 monthly hike in diesel price
i. The Kirit Parikh panel on fuel pricing has suggested that the diesel prices should be increased by Rs 1-1.50 a litre every month as against the 45-50 paise monthly hike followed currently. 
ii. This is expected to help the public sector oil marketing companies sell diesel at market rate in two years’ time.
iii. The high-level panel headed by former Planning Commission Member Kirit Parikh has also suggested a draft trade parity mechanism for determining diesel price.
iv. On the other hand, Minister for Petroleum and Natural Gas M. Veerappa Moily wants the Parikh panel to revisit the current pricing methodology of import party/trade parity for diesel, PDS kerosene and subsidised domestic LPG and suggest a suitable pricing mechanism for sale of these products.
v. There is a contention between the Finance Ministry and the Petroleum Ministry on pricing of petroleum products. Finance Minister P. Chidambaram wants a fuel pricing mechanism benchmarked to export parity price.

Note: Import parity price means when a domestically produced fuel such as petrol, diesel or cooking gas is benchmarked to an equivalent imported good. On the other hand, in export parity mechanism the price is linked to cost of the exported item.

6.    Romania gets 2 bn euro IMF standby aid 
i. The International Monetary Fund approved a standby loan of nearly two billion euros to match a backup loan of the same size requested from the European Union.
ii. The IMF loan is a two-year standby arrangement for 1.98 billion euros, to give the government space to continue reforms. 
iii. Romania has progressed under economic programs supported by two previous IMF standby loans, the Fund said, cutting its fiscal deficit and shortfalls in external accounts, and launching other structural reforms. 
iv. "The economy is still vulnerable to external shocks, including volatile capital flows, and the reform agenda remains unfinished," said Nemat Shafik, IMF first deputy managing director. 
v. However, the IMF said the Romanian economy had not rebounded to its pre-crisis level. 

7.    India, US seal first commercial deal on civil nuclear power 
i. Five years after India and the US signed a landmark civil nuclear deal, the two countries have clinched the first commercial agreement on civilian nuclear power cooperation that was stalled over India's nuclear liability law. 
ii. President Barack Obama announced the agreement on Friday after his meeting with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh at the White House Oval Office. 
iii. We've made enormous progress on the issue of civilian nuclear power, and in fact, have been able to achieve just in the last few days an agreement on the first commercial agreement between a US company and India on civilian nuclear power," Obama said. 
iv. The two leaders noted that with government-to-government procedures agreed, commercial negotiations between India's nuclear operator Nuclear Power Corporation of India (NPCIL) and US firm Westinghouse are proceeding.
v. A fact sheet issued by the White House said this agreement should facilitate progress toward licensing the AP-1000 nuclear reactor technology in India. 
vi. The two leaders urged NPCIL and US companies Westinghouse and General Electric-Hitachi to expedite the necessary work to establish nuclear power plants in Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh. 
vii. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the Indian Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) intend to sign a memorandum of understanding for the exchange of technical information in nuclear safety matters, the fact sheet said. 

8.    Malala Yousafzai Presented with Peter J. Gomes Humanitarian Award by Harvard University
i. Malala Yousafzai, a Pakistani schoolgirl and education rights campaigner presented with the 2013 Peter J. Gomes Humanitarian Award (Harvard Humanitarian of the year) by Harvard University on 27 September 2013.
ii. 16 years old Malala received the award by Dr Allen Counter, Director of the Harvard Foundation for her contribution in promoting the education among girls.

9.    IAS officer Shashi Karnawat gets 5 years imprisonment in corruption case
i. In Madhya Pradesh, a special court of Mandla district convicted IAS officer Shashi Karnawat in a corruption case and sentenced her to five years in jail and a fine of Rs. 50 lakh. 
ii. The court also sentenced three others in the case. Karnawat had allegedly misused her official position to benefit a company for purchase of stationary worth about Rs. 35 lakh.

10.  India draw with Malaysia in Sultan of Johor Cup
i. India wasted a two-goal advantage to draw 3-3 against hosts Malaysia in their last inconsequential round-robin match of The Sultan of Johor Cup Under-21 hockey tournament, here on Saturday.
ii. With this match, India finished on top of the standings but the result of the tie was merely of academic interest as both India and Malaysia have already qualified for Sunday’s summit clash ahead of today’s game.
iii. Both India and Malaysia finished with 13 points and were unbeaten in the round robin stages but the Indians managed the top position on account of a better goal difference.
iv. Vice-captain Affan Yousof turned out to be the saviour for his side by scoring a brilliant field goal in the final minute of the match to equalise for India. 

11.  Tiger Woods named PGA Tour player of the year
i. Tiger Woods was voted U.S. PGA Tour player of the year for the 11th time on the strength of his five big wins and return to No. 1 in the world.
ii. It was the third time Woods won the Jack Nicklaus Award despite not winning a major. 
iii. He made up for that with two World Golf Championships and The Players Championship among his five wins. No one else won more than twice this year, and Woods won the Vardon Trophy for lowest scoring average and the tour money title.

12.  Sania win Pan Pacific Open trophy
i. Sania Mirza continued her impressive run as she captured her fourth title of the season and 18th overall with Cara Black of Zimbabwe, recording a come-from-behind win over Liezel Huber and Hao Ching Chan to lift the Pan Pacific Open trophy in Tokyo on Saturday.
ii. The unseeded slayers of the top seeds in the semifinals, pipped the American-Taipei combination 4-6 6-0 11-9 in one hour and 25 minutes.