Friday, 29 July 2016

ENglish - VinglisH!

Dear Students,
English Section in the exam is a section where some students score very well but others even fail to clear cut-off. Learning Grammar is really essential to score good marks. But, what happens is that students from various boards where lesser attention is paid on English language fail to apply grammar during the examination even if they know the rules. 

So, conclusion is that practicing in some interesting way so that the things remain intact in your mind is important. Keeping this in mind, we have launched this series of "ENglish - VinglisH". We have discussed some basic sentence errors and use of some basic words in English. Also, we learnt about the basic categorization of Tenses. Now, we will proceed with detailed explanation of every type of tense - one in a day.

This is the 21st post of ENglish - VinglisH. Hope you people like it.

So, lets start now!!

TENSES are that part of grammar which drastically changes the meaning of a sentences. Tenses play a vital role in Communication otherwise you can do blunders like describing an event which happened in past as an event of future.
Today we will discuss about Future Perfect Tense.

Future Perfect Tense

Future Perfect Tense indicates that an action will have been completed (finished or "perfected") at some point in the future. This tense is formed with "will" plus "have" plus the past participle i.e. 3rd form of the verb (which can be either regular or irregular in form). When we use this tense we are projecting ourselves forward into the future and looking back at an action that will be completed some time later than now. It is most often used with a time expression.
I shall have studied.
They shall have their dinner by nine.
By six pm tonight I will have finished this book


The future perfect is made with the future simple of 'have' (will have) and the past participle. For regular past participles add 'ed' to the verb.

Identification from Hindi Sentences:

वाक्य के अन्त में 'चुका होगा', ‘चुकी होगी', ‘चुके होंगे’ ‘दिया होगा’ आदि का प्रयोग होता है. इसका प्रयोग ऐसे कार्यों को व्यक्त करने हेतु किया जाता है जो भविष्य में किसी निश्चित समय या किसी अन्य क्रिया के सम्पन्न होने तक पूर्ण हो जायेंगे. यह बताता है की एक्शन भविष्य में घटित होगा और भविष्य में ही पूरा हो जायेगा.

वे खेलने जा चुके होंगे । - They will have gone to play.
सीता पढने जा चुकी होगी। - Sita shall have gone to study.
मैं तीन घंटे चला होऊंगा- I shall have walked for 3 hours.

Use of Verb:

The future perfect is composed of two elements:
the simple future of the verb "to have" (will have) + the past participle of the main verb

In every form of Tense, there are four types of sentences:

1. Positive/ Affirmative Sentence (simple statement is used)
2. Negative Sentence (no, not is used)
3. Interrogative Sentence (Question is asked)
4. Interrogative - Negative Sentence (Question is asked with no, or not)

Tomorrow we will discuss "Future Perfect Continuous Tense" in Detail.

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