Wednesday, 21 September 2016

Reasoning For BOB/IBPS Exams

Dear Readers,



We have started the 56 days Study Plan for IBPS PO Prelims.  This study plan is to efficiently utilise time and hard work to channelise it towards smart work. From now quizzes on Bankersadda will be according to the given study plan and this will help you prepare important topics in limited time. 
Today is DAY 32 of the study plan and in Reasoning today’s chapter is Logical Reasoning.

Q1. Read the following statement and answer the question which follows.

A massive agitation is brewing in State X against the proposed widening of the national highway.
Which of the following represents an assumption implicit in the given statement? (An assumption is something that is not directly stated but is supposed or taken for granted.)
(a) The agitation is carried out by local villagers who would be worst affected by widening or the highway.
(b) Many other states have much wider highways as compared to State X.
(c) A national highway already exists in State X.
(d) Commuters are greatly inconvenienced due to frequent accidents owing to the narrow highway.
(e) For a road to be declared a highway, a certain width is essential.

Directions (2-5): Read the following information and the five statements given below it carefully and answer the questions which follow.

Steve Jobs himself said it: “It’s smart to take an existing idea and enhance it beautifully.” Apple did it and so did some of the most successful brands worldwide. To be successful, it is not essential to innovate every time. Old stuff in new packaging helps as well and is often referred to as ‘imovation’ which is a combination of innovation and imitation.
(A) As an innovation is a standalone product in the market, it reaps in all the profit till the ‘innovators’ imitate it. ‘Imovation’, however, is not profitable as there are many imitated products in the market at the same time, all reducing each other’s profits.
(B) Brand X duplicated Brand Y’s mobile phones with exactly the same features and same price range but failed to make an impact in the market.
(C) No one remembers the innovators after some time because they did not turn their idea into success. On the other hands, the imitators did what they had to just at the right time.
(D) While Sanfy invented portable MP3 players, it was Apple which enabled MP3 players to play videos and games at a fairly reasonable price, thus capturing the market.
(E) ‘Imovation’ is a lot less risky business venture. An imitator is already equipped with the analysis of how market received the innovation.

Q2.‘Blind imitation of a product can never be successful and sustainable.
Which of the statement (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) mentioned above proves the above statement most appropriately?
(a) D
(b) B
(c) C
(d) E
(e) Both A and C

Q3. Which of the statements (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) mentioned above represents an advantage of imitating an existing product?
(a) B
(b) Both B and D
(c) E
(d) Both C and B
(e) Both A and D

Q4. Which of the statements (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) mentioned above would contradict the fact that imitation of products is a successful market strategy?
(a) A
(b) C
(c) D
(d) E
(e) Both B and E

Q5. Companies must add such values to their imitated products that not only distinguish their imitation but also add to customer satisfaction.
Which of the statements numbered (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) mentioned above proves the above statement most appropriately?
(a) A
(b) Both A and B
(c) Both A and E
(d) Both A and C
(e) Both B and D

Q6. Read the following statement and answer the question that follows.

‘The first ever low-cost tablet with a three-hour battery which works only with Wi-Fi for accessing the Internet will be a game changer for India’s rural population who have been on the wrong side of the digital divide in the country.’ – Stated Company X, the manufacturers of the tabled on their role in providing access to Internet throughout India.

Which of the following can be assumed/inferred from the given statement? (An assumption is something that is not directly stated but is supposed or taken for granted and an inference is something which is not directly stated but can be inferred from the given facts.)
(a) Wi-Fi connections are already available in rural parts of India.
(b) Other tablets did not have the features such as Wi-Fi connectivity.
(c) Improvement in accessibility to Internet would help education sector the most.
(d) A mere three-hour battery would be grossly insufficient to maximize its benefits.
(e) The tablet would not benefit urban population in India as much as the rural population.

Directions (7-11): In each of the questions below is given a statement followed by a question. Read the statement carefully and answer the question that follows.

Q7. Statement: The State Government granted special status to the seminar on the importance of protecting the environment around us, organized by the local academic body to create awareness among the citizens.
Which of the following may be a probable reason for the State Government decision?
(a) The Central Government has accorded highest priority to issues related to protection of environment over all other issues.
(b) In the past, the State Government had granted special status to such seminars.
(c) The State Government has failed to implement measures for protecting the environment.
(d) The local academic body made a fervent appeal for the special status.
(e) None of the above

Q8. Statement: Most car manufacturers have marginally reduced the price of their products despite higher input cost and increased Govt duties and have promised to keep the prices at the present level for at least the next couple of months.
Which of the following can be the best possible reason for the above step by the car manufacturers?
(a) Car manufacturers have not been able to meet their sales target for the current year so far.
(b) The government is planning to review taxes on the raw materials for manufacturing cars.
(c) The car sales market is going through a jubilant phase as the volume of sales has picked up considerably in the recent past and profit per car has also gone up.
(d) Car buyers are still hesitant making purchases and may postpone for another few months.
(e) Oil marketing companies are contemplating reviewing the petrol and diesel prices in order to decide future market prices.

Q9. Statement: The prices of vegetables and other food articles have decreased in the recent months raising hope among policy planners that the RBI’s (Reserve Bank of India) tight grip on supply of liquid money in the market for controlling inflation may be eased.
Which of the following may be a possible action for the above situation?
(a) The Reserve Bank of India may not reduce its key interest rates in near future.
(b) The government may step in and make certain concessions to the common people on various issues.
(c) The Reserve Bank of India may consider lowering certain rates to bring in more liquidity in the market.
(d) The RBI may wait for at least another year before taking any step.
(e) The RBI may collect more data from the market and wait for another four months to ensure they take the correct step.

Q10.Statement: A severe cyclonic storm hit the eastern coastline last month, resulting, in huge loss of life and property on the entire east coast, and the government had to disburse a considerable amount for relief activities through the district administration machineries.
Which of the following may possibly be a follow-up measure to be taken up by the government?
(a) The government may set up a task force to review the post-relief scenario in all districts and also to confirm proper end-user receipt of the relief supplies.
(b) The government may set up a committee for proper disbursement of relief supplies in future.
(c) The government may empower the District Magistrates to make all future disbursements of relief.
(d) The government may sent relief supplies to the affected people in future only after proper assessment of the damage caused by such calamities.
(e) The government may not need to activate any follow-up measure.

Q11.Statement: It has been reported in a recent study that intake of moderate quantity of milk chocolate reduces the risk of suffering from central nervous system-related illnesses.
Which of the following would weaken the findings of the study reported in the above statement?
(a) People generally prefer to eat chocolate when they are young.
(b) Majority of those not diagnosed with diseases related to central nervous system have stayed away from eating chocolates in their lives.
(c) Chocolates contain certain elements which strengthen the functions of the central nervous system.
(d) Majority of those suffering from central nervous system related diseases are middle-aged.
(e) Many of those who suffer from diabetes also suffer from other major ailments.

Q12. Read the following information carefully and answer the questions which follow

Small brands are now looking beyond local grocery stores and are trying up with supermarkets such as Big Bazaar to pull their business out of troubled waters.

Which of the following can be inferred from the given information? (An inference is something that is not directly stated but can be inferred from the given information)
(a) Merchandise of smaller brands would not be available at local grocery stores in the near future.
(b) Smaller brands cannot compete with bigger ones in a supermarket set-up.
(c) There is perception among small brands that sale in a supermarket is higher than that of small grocery stores.
(d) Supermarkets generate more revenue by selling products of bigger brands as compared to the smaller ones.
(e) Smaller brands have always had more tie- ups with supermarkets as compared to small grocery stores.

Directions (13-15): These questions are based on the information given and the sentences labeled (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) as given below:

Small brands are now looking beyond local grocery stores and are trying up with supermarkets such as Big Bazaar to pull their business out of troubled waters.

(A) A smaller brand manufacturing a certain product of quality comparable with that of a bigger brand, makes much more profit from the local grocery stores than from the supermarkets.
(B) As the supermarkets have been set up only in bigger cities at present, this step would fail to deliver results in the smaller cities.
(C) Supermarkets help the smaller brands break into newer markets without investing substantially in distribution.
(D) Supermarkets charge the smaller brands 10% higher than the amount charged to the bigger brands.
(E) Being outnumbered by the bigger brands, visibility of the smaller brands at local grocery stores is much lower as compared to the supermarkets.
(F) Smaller brands are currently making substantial losses in their business.

Q13. Which of the statements numbered (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) can be assumed from the facts/information given in the statement? (An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted)
(a) Only (A)
(b) Only (B)
(c) Both (B) and (C)
(d) Both (D) and (E)
(e) Only (F)

Q14. Which of the statements numbered (A), (B), (C), (E) and (F) represents a disadvantage of the small grocery stores over the supermarkets from the perspective of a smaller brand?
(a) Only (A)
(b) Only (C)
(c) Only (E)
(d) Only (F)
(e) Both (B) and (C)

Q15. Which of the statements (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) mentioned above represents a reason for the shift from local grocery stores to supermarkets by the smaller brands?
(a) Only (A)
(b) Only (B)
(c) Only (D)
(d) Both (A) and (D)
(e) Both (C) and (E)













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