ENglish - VinglisH!

Dear Students,
English Section in the exam is a section where some students score very well but others even fail to clear cut-off. Learning Grammar is really essential to score good marks. But, what happens is that students from various boards where lesser attention is paid on English language fail to apply grammar during the examination even if they know the rules. 

So, conclusion is that practicing in some interesting way so that the things remain intact in your mind is important. Keeping this in mind, we have launched this series of "ENglish - VinglisH". We have done enough for some common mistakes which we do while speaking, writing and communicating in English.We have discussed till now some basic sentence errors and use of some basic words in English. Now we will learn about TENSES.

This is the tenth post of ENglish - VinglisH. Hope you people like it.

So, lets start now!!

TENSES are that part of grammar which drastically changes the meaning of a sentences. Tenses play a vital role in Communication otherwise you can do blunders like describing an event which happened in past as an event of future. 

Widely, there are of three types tenses:

1) Past Tense  ------ was, were, had
2) Present Tense -- is, am, have
3) Future Tense --- will, shall, will be, shall be

1) Past Tense - Past Tense is used to describe the event which has already occurred. 

Furthermore, Past tense is categorized in four types. They are:

(a) Past Indefinite tense (Also called as Simple Past Tense)
(b) Past Continuous Tense
(c) Past Perfect Tense
(d) Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Indefinite Tense
I walked.
मैं चलता था.
Past Continuous Tense  
I was walking.
मैं चल रहा था.
Past Perfect Tense
I had walked.
मैं ला था.
Past Perfect Continuous Tense
I had been walking.
मैं चलता रहा था.

2) Present Tense - Present Tense is used to describe an event which is currently occurring i.e. is taking place at present. In more simple sentence, the event which has started but is yet to be finished.

Furthermore, Present Tense is categorized in four types. They are:

(a) Present Indefinite tense (Also called as Simple Present Tense)
(b) Present Continuous Tense
(c) Present Perfect Tense
(d) Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Present Indefinite Tense
I walk.
में चलता हूँ.
Present Continuous Tense  
I am walking.
मैं चल रहा हूँ.
Present Perfect Tense
I have walked.
मैं ला हूँ.
Present Perfect Continuous Tense
I have been walking.
मैं चलता रहा हूँ.

3)Future Tense - Future Tense is used to describe an event which has not occurred i.e. event which is yet to take place. In more simple sentence, the event which has not started yet.

Furthermore, Future Tense is categorized in four types. They are:

(a) Future Indefinite tense (Also called as Simple Future Tense)
(b) Future Continuous Tense
(c) Future Perfect Tense
(d) Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Future Indefinite Tense
I shall walk.
मैं चलूंगा.
Future Continuous Tense  
I shall be walking.
 मैं चलता रहूंगा.
Future Perfect Tense
I shall have walked.
मैं चला होउंगा.
Future Perfect Continuous Tense
shall have been walking. 
मैं चलाता रहा होउंगा.

Tomorrow we will discuss "Past Indefinite Tense" in Detail.

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