Current Affairs: Daily GK Update 31st May 2017

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World No Tobacco Day: 31 May 

i. World No Tobacco Day is observed around the world every year on May 31. The theme for World No Tobacco Day 2017 is "Tobacco – a threat to development." 
ii. This theme has been set by the World Health Organization, WHO. The campaign aims to demonstrate the threats that the tobacco industry poses to sustainable development, including the health and economic well-being of citizens in all countries.

Static Takeaways-
  • Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus will be the New head of WHO  after replacing Margaret Chan.
  • Headquarter of WHO is in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • The member States of the World Health Organization (WHO) created World No Tobacco Day in 1987.

i. The Minister of Defence and National Security of Fiji, Ratu Inoke Kubuabola accompanied by his delegation signed a MoU with the Minister of Defence, Finance and Corporate Affairs, Shri Arun Jaitley in New Delhi.
ii. An MoU on defence cooperation envisaging several areas of cooperation including in defence industry, military training and humanitarian assistance & disaster management was signed. 

Static Takeaways-
  • Fiji Capital is Suva and its Currency is Fijian Dollar.
  • Frank Bainimarama is the PM of Fiji.

i. India and Germany inked twelve memoranda of understanding and agreements following bilateral delegation-level talks presided over by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel. 
ii. The agreements inked included nine joint declarations of intent (JDIs) and three memoranda of understanding. The agreements include collaboration in the field of digitalization, skill development, and cooperation in cyber policy. Besides, the two nations also agreed to resume the free trade talks between India and the European Union.

Static Takeaways-
  • The Capital of Germany is Berlin and its Currency is  Euro.

i. 43rd G7 Summit was held on 26-27 May, 2017 in Taormina, Sicily, Italy. The 43rd G7 summit was the first summit for British Prime Minister Theresa May.
ii. The Group of 7 (G7) is a group consisting of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States. The European Union is also represented within the G7.  The theme of the Italian G7 Summit 2017 is-" Building the Foundation of Renewed Trust." 

Static Takeaways-
  • The first occasion of G7 Summit was in 1980 in Venice, Italy
  • Next G-7 Summit will be held in Canada in 2018.
  • This is the sixth time that Italy has taken over the rotating G7 Presidency
  • PM of Italy is Paolo Gentiloni and the capital and currency is Rome and Euro respectively.

i. The Reserve Bank of India will soon put into circulation currency notes in one rupee denomination. New one rupee notes with predominantly pink-green on obverse and reverse in combination with other colours will be soon put into circulation.
ii. The notes bearing the rupee symbol have been printed by the Government of India. At present, one rupee coins are minted. The note will bear signature of Shaktikanta Das, Secretary in the Ministry of Finance.
iii. The numbering will be in black at right-hand bottom portion of the note. On the reverse side, the year ‘2017’ is mentioned. There is also a representation of One Rupee coin with rupee symbol having floral design and the surrounding design consists of the picture of ‘Sagar Samrat’ the oil exploration platform.

Static Takeaways-
  • BP Kanungo is the New Deputy Governor of RBI after replacing of R Gandhi
  • Urjit Patel is the 24th Governor of RBI and its headquarter is in Mumbai
  • RBI was nationalised in 1949.

i. According to India Development Report released by World Bank,  India had one of the lowest female participation in the workforce, ranking 120th among 131 countries.
ii. As per the report, the participation level has been dropping since 2005, despite having 42% women who are graduates. Jobs for Indian women remain primarily in the agriculture sector.
iii. The share of women in services and industry is less than 20%. Indian women’s workforce participation is closer to Pakistan (24.6 percent) and the Arab world (23.3 percent) while neighboring Countries Nepal (79.9 percent) and China (63.9 percent) are leagues ahead.

Static Takeaways-
  • World Bank President is Jim Yong Kim and its headquarter is in Washington D.C. USA
  • World Bank was founded in 1944.

i. United States has for the first time successfully tested its defence system against an Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM). 
ii. A ground-based interceptor was launched at a California air base and shot down a mock ballistic missile. As per the Pentagon, the test comes after Pyongyang fired its ninth missile this year. 
iii. It was the first live-fire test against a simulated ICBM for the Ground-Based Missile Defense.

Static Takeaways-
  • The Pentagon headquarters in Washington, D.C. U.S.A.
  • The Pentagon is situated across the Potomac River.

i. World No-Tobacco-Day is observed on 31st May globally. On this day people are encouraged to observe abstinence of 24 hours from all forms of tobacco consumption.
ii. This year Union Health Minister of India Jagat Prakash Nadda is chosen for WHO Director-General Special Recognition Awards for accelerating India’s tobacco control initiatives and taking bold measures to protect people against hazards of tobacco use. 

Static Takeaways-
  • The theme for World No Tobacco Day 2017 is "Tobacco – a threat to development"

i.Coming next year, you won't have to rely on heavily accented lady for directions on Google Maps. Instead India will be having its own GPS system. 'NavIC' will be operational early 2018. 
ii. NavIC or 'Navigation with Indian Constellation' the name given by PM Narendra Modi after the launch of Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System IRNSS-1G, is designed to provide accurate position information to users within the country. 

Static Takeaways-
  • Full Form of NavIC is Navigation with Indian Constellation.

i. Harmanpreet Kaur, the captain of India's T20 team has become the first Indian Women cricketer to play in Kia Super League, the England T20 League.

Static Takeaways-
  • The Kia Super League is also known as the Women's Cricket Super League.

i. India captain Virat Kohli is the lone cricketer from the country to feature in the top 10 of the ICC Players Rankings for ODIs as he managed to hold on to his third spot in the batsman's chart.
ii.  The top three batsmen  South Africa's AB de Villiers (874 rating points), Australian David Warner (871) and Kohli (852) are separated by just 22 points.

Static Takeaways-
  • Virat Kohli received the prestigious Polly Umrigar Award during BCCI’s International Cricketer of the Year awards 2017.
  • Virat Kohli is the first to receive the Polly Umrigar Award award thrice. He had won the award in 2011-12 and in 2014-15.

i. Barcelona striker Lionel Messi won the European Golden Shoe for a record-equaling fourth time having scored 37 goals in the Spanish league.
ii. He drew level with Real Madrid’s Cristiano Ronaldo with the fourth honor

Static Takeaways-
  • Lionel Andrés "Leo" Messi is an Argentine professional footballer who plays as a forward for Spanish club FC Barcelona and the Argentina national team.


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