The Hindu Newspaper Editorial Vocabulary For IBPS 2017

Dear Readers,

Vocabulary is an important part of English that helps you deal with all kinds of questions in objective as well as descriptive papers of various exams. You can learn new words daily from our Daily Word List. Learn the words and make your own sentences on the basis of the given word list. Here are a few lines from The Hindu.

Example: Political parties must frame their campaign as a referendum not on leadership but on democratic values.

1. Referendum [ref-uh-ren-duh m] 
Noun: the principle or practice of referring measures proposed or passed by a legislative body, head of state, etc., to the vote of the electorate for approval or rejection; a measure thus referred; a vote on such a measure.
Synonyms: election, poll, vote, mandate.

Example: Yes Bank has eliminated about 2,500 jobs -more than 10% of its workforce -citing increased redundancy, poor performance and the impact of digitisation.

2. Redundancy [ri-duhn-duh n-see] 
Noun: the state of being redundant; superfluous repetition or overlapping, especially of words; a redundant thing, part, or amount; superfluity; the provision of additional or duplicate systems, equipment, etc., that function in case an operating part or system fails, as in a spacecraft.
Synonyms: repetition,  overabundance,  wordiness,  superfluity,  excess,  prolixity,  tautology.
Antonyms: lack, need, want.


3. Plummet [pluhm-it] 
Noun: a piece of lead or some other weight attached to a line, used for determining perpendicularity, for sounding, etc.; the bob of a plumb line; something that weighs down or depresses.
Verb: to plunge.
Synonyms: collapse, crash, decline, decrease, descend, dip, dive, drop, drop down, fall, nose-dive, plunge, sink, skid, tumble, downturn, dump, precipitate, stoop, swoop.
Antonyms: ascend, go up, grow, increase.

Example: NO COMPROMISES HERE Union government lays down stringent guidelines, tells central and state forces to foil any infiltration bid by the Rohingyas.

4. Foil [foil] 
Verb: to prevent the success of; frustrate; balk; to keep (a person) from succeeding in an enterprise, plan, etc.
Noun: a defeat; check; repulse.
Synonyms: antithesis, background, complement, counterblow, defense, guard, setting.

Example: Even as the Rohingya migrant crisis is snowballing into a massive political issue, the central government is sealing every possible entry point to stem infiltration into India, especially at a time when the Mamata Banerjee government is known to be sympathetic to the migrant issue.

5. Snowball [snoh-bawl] 
Verb: to throw snowballs at; to cause to grow or become larger, greater, more intense, etc., at an accelerating rate.
Noun: a ball of snow pressed or rolled together, as for throwing; any of several shrubs belonging to the genus Viburnum, of the honeysuckle family, having large clusters of white, sterile flowers; a confection of crushed ice, usually in the shape of a ball, which is flavored with fruit or other syrup and served in a paper cup.
Synonyms: escalate, heighten, intensify, multiply, proliferate, swell, widen, advance, aggrandize, aggravate, amplify, annex, augment, boost, broaden, build, burgeon, deepen.
Antonyms: decrease, lessen, lower, weaken.

Example: You used a little wooden gizmo to push in a marble stuck in the mouth of a bottle and guzzled the sweet, fizzy drink with the marble dancing around inside.

6. Gizmo [giz-moh] 
Noun: a gadget or device.
Synonyms: appliance, contraption, device, instrument, tool, widget, contrivance, doohickey, machine, thingamabob, thingamajig, whatchamacallit, mechanical device.

7. Guzzle [guhz-uh l] 
Verb: to drink, or sometimes eat, greedily, frequently, or plentifully.
Synonyms: carouse, gobble, imbibe, knock back, quaff, slosh, swig, swill, bolt, booze, cram, devour, englut, gorge, gormandize, ingurgitate, slop, soak, tipple.
Antonyms: abstain, open, sip.

8. Fizzy [fiz-ee] 
Adjective: bubbly; fizzing.
Synonyms: aerated, bubbling, bubbly, carbonated, gassy, sparkling, spumante.
Antonyms: flat, still.

Example: If yes, what might be the contours of a political strategy that would enable it to pose a credible challenge to the BJP juggernaut?

9. Contour [kon-too r] 
Noun: the outline of a figure or body; the edge or line that defines or bounds a shape or object; contour line; Phonetics. a distinctive pattern of changes in pitch, stress, or tone extending across all or part of an utterance, especially across a sentence, and contributing to meaning.
Verb: to mark with contour lines; to make or form the contour or outline of.
Synonyms: curve, silhouette, delineation, figuration, figure, form, lineament, lines, relief, shape.

10. Juggernaut [juhg-er-nawt, -not] 
Noun: (often lowercase) any large, overpowering, destructive force or object, as war, a giant battleship, or a powerful football team; (often lowercase) anything requiring blind devotion or cruel sacrifice.
Synonym: barrage, cavalcade, campaign, steamroller, blitz, drive, enterprise, expedition, junket, odyssey, pilgrimage.


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