SBI Clerk Pre English Quiz | 16th May

 SBI-Clerk-Prelims-English-Questions-2019

SBI Clerk Prelims English Questions (Day-11)

Dear students, The State Bank of India conducts a two-tier examination to recruit Clerks (Junior Associates) at regular intervals. Thus, the English Language plays a crucial role in sailing through all the stages of SBI Clerk exam. Here is a quiz on the English Language to let you practice the latest pattern English Questions for SBI Clerk 2019-20.


Directions (1-5): For each question is given a sentence or a group of sentences with four highlighted words and a blank. Among the four highlighted words, two words needs to be interchanged to make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. Choose the option which mentions the correct interchange along with the correct word which could fill the blank. 



Q1. The dawn-to-dusk organisation (1) called by the Sabarimala Karma Samithi (SKS), an umbrella hartal (2) of various groups, to protest (3) against the entry of two women (4) of reproductive age into the Sabarimala temple on Wednesday _________________________ the State.

2-3; betrayed
1-3; galvanised
2-4; reprimanded
3-4; asserted
1-2; crippled
Solution:
Betray [verb] means ‘to reveal or make known something, usually unintentionally’;
Galvanise [verb] means ‘to excite or inspire (someone) to action’;
Reprimand [verb] means ‘a formal expression of disapproval’;
Assert [verb] means ‘state a fact or belief confidently and forcefully’;
Cripple [verb] means ‘cause (someone) to become unable to walk or move properly;
The position of the words ‘organisation’ and ‘hartal’ seem incorrect, while the position of the words ‘protest’ and ‘women’ seem correct. ‘an umbrella organisation of various groups’ and ‘dawn-to-dusk hartal’ make more sense. Upon interchanging the words ‘organisation’ and ‘hartal’, the sentence becomes sensible. So, 1-2 is a correct interchange.
The tone of the sentence suggests that the blank would be filled by a verb. When a hartal or protest is organised in a state, the state become crippled.
Among the given verbs, the verb ‘crippled’ makes more sense.
Hence, option (e) is the correct answer.

Q2. A Chinese space probe achievement (1) down on the far side of the moon on Thursday, China’s space agency said, _________________________ the event as a historic (2) first and a major touched (3) for the country’s space programme (4).
1-3; hailing
2-4; vindicating
1-2; engendering
3-4; reaching
1-4; mitigating
Solution:
Hail [verb] means ‘praise (someone or something) enthusiastically’;
Vindicate [verb] means ‘to clear of accusation, blame, suspicion, or doubt with supporting arguments or proofs’;
Engender [verb] means ‘give rise to’;
Mitigate [verb] means ‘make less severe or harsh’;
The position of the words ‘achievement’ and ‘touched’ seem incorrect, while the position of the words ‘historic’ and ‘programme’ seems correct. The phrases ‘A Chinese space probe touched down on the far side’ and ‘a major achievement for the country’s space’ make more sense.
So, 1-3 is a correct interchange.
The tone and structure of the sentence suggests that the blank would be filled by an adjective.
Among the given alternatives, the word ‘hailing’ which means ‘praising (someone or something) enthusiastically’ is the correct present-participle to fill the blank and provide the correct contextual meaning to the blank.
Hence, option (a) is the correct answer.

Q3. “Every death (1) means life and second (2) for those 15 trapped miners,” Justice A. K. Sikri said, even as the Supreme Court expressed (3) its _________________________ with the ongoing operations to rescue men from the flooded (4) rat-hole mine in Meghalaya.
2-3; acrimony
1-4; torpor
1-2; discontent
2-4; volubility
3-4; prescience
Solution:
Acrimony [noun] means ‘bitterness or ill feeling’;
Torpor [noun] means ‘inactivity resulting from lethargy and lack of vigour or energy’;
Discontent [noun] means ‘dissatisfaction with one’s circumstances; lack of contentment’;
Volubility [noun] means ‘the quality of talking or writing easily and continuously’;
Prescience [noun] means ‘the power to foresee the future’;
The position of the words ‘death’ and ‘second’ seem to be incorrect, while the positions of the word ‘expressed’ and ‘flooded’ seem correct.
The phrases ‘Every second means life and death’ is more sensible.
So, 1-2 is a correct interchange.
For the blank, among the given alternatives, the word ‘discontent’ which is a noun, and means ‘dissatisfaction with one’s circumstances’ provides the correct grammatical and contextual meaning, upon filling the blank, to the sentence.
Hence, option (c) is the correct answer.

Q4. India on Thursday reiterated that it does not send soldiers (1) abroad but for UN-supported peacekeeping sources (2). The statement from operations (3) came hours after U.S. President Donald Trump, at an interaction, spoke _________________________ about India’s development (4) projects in Afghanistan, while suggesting that Delhi send troops to the country.
2-4; concededly
2-3; derisively
1-4; intimately
1-3; abruptly
3-4; precipitously
Solution:
Concededly [adverb] means ‘admittedly’;
Derisively [adverb] means ‘in a manner expressing contempt or ridicule; mockingly’;
Intimately [adverb] means ‘In a way that involves detailed knowledge; in a way that involves a close link or relationship’;
Abruptly [adverb] means ‘suddenly and unexpectedly’;
Precipitously [adverb] means ‘very steeply’;
The words ‘sources’ and ‘operations’ seems to be incorrectly placed while the words ‘soldiers’ and ‘development’ are correctly placed.
The phrases ‘for UN-supported peacekeeping operations’ and ‘The statement from sources’ are meaningful phrases.
So, 2-3 is a correct interchange.
The usage of ‘while’ in the last part of the sentence suggests a contrast between the two phrases ‘spoke ________ about India’s development projects in Afghanistan’ and ‘suggesting that Delhi send troops to the country’. The part ‘suggesting that Delhi send troops to the country’ has a positive connotation. So, the part ‘spoke _____ about India’s development projects in Afghanistan…’ should have a negative connotation.
Among the given alternatives, the word ‘derisively’ which means ‘mockingly’ provide the correct meaning, be its grammatical and contextual, to the blank.
Hence, option (b) is the correct answer.

Q5. The Supreme Court has closed (1) a request (2) for an urgent hearing of a plea for _________________________ of court action against the Sabarimala priest who declined (3) the sanctum sanctorum to conduct “purification rites” immediately after two women entered (4) the temple.
2-3; venality
1-4; gall
2-4; culpability
1-3; obloquy
1-2; perfidy
Solution:
Venality [noun] means ‘the condition of being susceptible to bribes or corruption’;
Gall [noun] means ‘the trait of being rude and impertinent’;
Culpability [noun] means ‘a state of guilt’;
Obloquy [noun] means ‘contempt’;
Perfidy [noun] means ‘a breach of trust’;
The positions of the words ‘closed’ and ‘declined’ seem to be incorrect while the words ‘request’ and ‘entered’ correctly provide grammatical and contextual meaning at their respective position. The clauses ‘The Supreme Court has declined’ and ‘who closed the sanctum…’ provide the correct grammatical and contextual meaning.
Hence, 1-3 is a correct interchange.
For the blank, ‘contempt of court’ is a meaningful phrase which means insulting the court. ‘Obloquy’ is a synonym of ‘contempt’ and hence, ‘obloquy of court’ is also meaningful.
Hence, option (d) is the correct answer.

Directions (6-10): Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical or idiomatic error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is ‘No error’, the answer is (e). (Ignore errors of punctuation, if any.) 



Q6. Apart from some garrison artillery,(A)/ the regular army (B)/ comprised of staff officers and instructional cadres (C)/ for the volunteer militia. (D)

apart from some garrison artillery,
the regular army
comprised of staff officers and instructional cadres
for the volunteer militia
No error
Solution:
The error lies in part (C) of the sentence. "Comprised of" is never correct because the word ‘comprise’ by itself already means "composed of". Since, ‘comprise’ in itself already includes the meaning of the preposition of, so there is no pointing in adding of. All the other parts of the sentence are grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. Hence, option (c) is the most viable answer choice.

Q7. Not only Emily started playing (A)/ the piano before she could speak, (B)/ but her mother taught her (C)/ to compose music at a very early age. (D)
Not only Emily started playing
the piano before she could speak,
but her mother taught her
to compose music at a very early age.
No error
Solution:
The error is in part (A) of the sentence. It should be noted that we can use not only at the beginning of a clause. When we do this, we invert the subject and the verb. And a comma is needed to set off the introductory element. Therefore, part (A) should be replaced by ‘not only did Emily start playing’. Hence, option (a) is the most suitable answer choice.

Q8. Hardly had (A)/ the show started (B)/ than the audience (C)/ became silent. (D)
Hardly had
the show started
than the audience
became silent
No error
Solution:
The error lies in part (C) of the sentence. The precise structure should be “hardly + had + subject + past participle + when + other word”. Therefore, ‘than’ should be replaced by ‘when’ to form a grammatically correct sentence. All the other parts of the sentence are grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. Hence, option (c) is the most viable answer choice.

Q9. Much too spending on rearmament (A)/ would place an insupportable (B)/ burden on the (C)/ nation's productive capacity. (D)
Much too spending on rearmament
would place an insupportable
burden on the
nation's productive capacity.
No error
Solution:
The error lies in part (A) of the sentence. It is to be noted that too much modifies a noun and a verb, and much too modifies an adjective or adverb. Since ‘spending’ is a noun, the appropriate phrase should be “too much”. All the other parts of the sentence are grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. Hence, option (a) is the most suitable answer choice.

Q10. At this juncture, (A)/ we can only hope the two countries (B)/ will reach a settlement (C)/ that will prevent a war. (D)
At this juncture
we can only hope the two countries
will reach a settlement
that will prevent a war
No error
Solution:
All the parts of the sentence are grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. Thus, they do not require any corrections. Hence, option (e) is the most suitable answer choice.

Directions (11-15): Select the phrase/connector (STARTERS) from the given three options which can be used to form a single sentence from the two sentences given below, implying the same meaning as expressed in the statement sentences. 



Q11. (I) Just ended a year with the highest road toll in more than a decade 

(II) A resolution here is worth making. 



(i) Having just ended a year… 

(ii) In more than a decade… 
(iii) Given that the year just ended…
Only (i)
Only (iii)
Both (i) and (iii)
Both (ii) and (iii)
All of these
Solution:
Both the starters (i) and (iii) can be used to frame a meaningful sentence without altering the exact meaning of the given sentences. However, it is not possible to construct a contextual sentence using the second starter as it would alter the intended meaning. Hence option (c) is the correct choice.
(i) Having just ended a year with the highest road toll in more than a decade, a resolution here is worth making. 
(iii) Given that the year just ended with the highest road toll in more than a decade, a resolution here is worth making.

Q12. (I) Small foreign molecules, such as synthetic peptides, can elicit antibodies. 
(II) The small molecule contains a recognized epitope and is attached to a macromolecular carrier. 



(i) Provided that the small molecule… 

(ii) Small molecule containing… 
(iii) However, small foreign molecules…
Only (i)
Only (iii)
Both (ii) and (iii)
None of these
All of these
Solution:
Only starter (i) can be used to frame a meaningful sentence without altering the exact meaning of the given sentences. However, it is not possible to construct a contextual sentence using the second and third starter as they would alter the intended meaning. Hence option (a) is the correct choice.
(i) Provided that the small molecule contains a recognized epitope and is attached to a macromolecular carrier, small foreign molecules, such as synthetic peptides, can elicit antibodies

Q13. (I) The desire to be selfish will be replaced with an urge to help others. 
(II) They make us greedy and selfish. 



(i) The desire to be… 

(ii) Making us… 
(iii) Desiring to be…
Only (i)
Only (iii)
Both (ii) and (iii)
None of these
All of these
Solution:
None of the given starter can connect both the statements coherently to form a grammatically correct and contextually meaningful sentence. Hence, option (d) is the most suitable answer choice.

Q14. (I) California’s juvenile justice system houses the largest number of youth in the United States and even the world 
(II) California’s stance may influence how other states set their standards for criminal responsibility. 



(i) Given that California’s juvenile… 

(ii) Considering California’s juvenile… 
(iii) Granted that California’s juvenile…
Only (i)
Only (iii)
Both (ii) and (iii)
Both (i) and (ii)
All of these
Solution:
All the three starters can be used to frame a meaningful sentence without altering the intended meaning of the given sentences. Hence option (e) is the correct choice.
(i) Given that California’s juvenile justice system houses the largest number of youth in the United States and even the world, their stance may influence how other states set their standards for criminal responsibility. 
(ii) Considering California’s juvenile justice system which houses the largest number of youth in the United States and even the world, their stance may influence how other states set their standards for criminal responsibility. 
(iii) Granted that California’s juvenile justice system houses the largest number of youth in the United States and even the world, their stance may influence how other states set their standards for criminal responsibility.

Q15. (I) we will be able to get through this summer, and still have enough water. 
(II) We provide some level of restriction. 



(i) Provided that we provide… 

(ii) If we provide… 
(iii) As long as we provide some…
Only (i)
Only (iii)
Both (ii) and (iii)
Both (i) and (ii)
All of these
Solution:
All the three starters can be used to frame a meaningful sentence without altering the intended meaning of the given sentences. Hence option (e) is the correct choice.
(i) Provided that we provide some level of restriction, we will be able to get through this summer, and still have enough water. 
(ii) If we provide some level of restriction, we will be able to get through this summer, and still have enough water. 
(iii) As long as we provide some level of restriction, we will be able to get through this summer, and still have enough water.

               




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