1. FURLOUGH (noun) लम्बी छुट्टी
Meaning: leave of absence, especially that granted to a member of the services or a missionary.
Synonyms: break, rest, recess, day off.
Antonyms: rehire, recall, travail, toil.
Usage: I have just learned that Cousin George has got his furlough extended thirty days.
2. REPROBATE (noun) नीच
Meaning: an unprincipled person.
Synonyms: rogue, scoundrel, villain, wretch.
Antonyms: upright, virtuous, principled, righteous
Usage: Although the old man pretended to be a reprobate in public, in private he did a lot of good deeds for the homeless.
3. BREVIARY (noun) सार-संग्रह
Meaning: a short statement of the main points.
Synonyms: summary, conspectus, encapsulation, outline.
Antonyms: enlargement, expansion, supplement, amplification.
Usage: The Second Vatican Council revised the Breviary and changed its name to Liturgy of the Hours.
4. REDACT (verb) संपादित करना
Meaning: edit (text) for publication.
Synonyms: correct, rectify, repair, fix.
Antonyms: befoul, deteriorate, diminish, hinder.
Usage: Some of the conclusions in the report have been redacted.
5. STODGY (adjective) घिसा पिटा
Meaning: Dull and uninspired; lacking originality or excitement
Synonyms: uninteresting, dreary, uninspired, monotonous.
Antonyms: exciting, creative, breathtaking, enthralling.
Usage: Most of my students used informal, asymmetrical balance, as formal balance can seem stodgy and dull.
6. DOWNTRODDEN (adjective) लताड़ा हुआ
Meaning: Oppressed or treated badly by people in power.
Synonyms: persecuted, exploited, repressed, tyrannized.
Antonyms: protected, respected, guarded, favored.
Usage: His claim to be a representative of the downtrodden masses is, of course, completely bogus.
7. BUDGE (verb) हटना
Meaning: Change an opinion.
Synonyms: retract, yield, acquiesce, compromise.
Antonyms: resist, object, confront, oppose.
Usage: That’s why the bosses have so far been refusing to budge over the pay and conditions.
8. CONDIGN (adjective) अनुरूप
Meaning: appropriate to the crime or wrongdoing; fitting and deserved.
Synonyms: earned, merited, warranted, justified.
Antonyms: undeserved, undue, unfair, unjust.
Usage: Condign punishment was rare when the criminal was a man of high social standing.
9. GNAW (verb): कष्ट देना
Meaning: cause persistent distress or anxiety.
Synonyms: nag, torment, bother, fret.
Antonyms: mitigate, pacify, assist, ameliorate.
Usage: Maybe you choose to seethe silently about something, letting it gnaw away at you.
10. RELENT (verb) नरम पड़ना
Meaning: to cease resistance (as to another’s arguments, demands, or control).
Synonyms: concede, give in, submit, succumb.
Antonyms: combat, confront, counter, defy.
Usage: Because my father is very angry, he won’t relent on my harsh punishment.