1.UNCHARTED (adjective) न सुलझा हुआ
Meaning: (of an area of land or sea) not mapped or surveyed.
Synonyms: unexplored, undiscovered, unfamiliar, unplumbed.
Antonyms: familiar, famous, commonplace, known.
Usage: Twice more he struck as if he was securing a flagpole into the soil of a previously uncharted land.
2. PREPARATORY (adjective) आरम्भ करने वाला
Meaning: serving as or carrying out preparation for a task or undertaking.
Synonyms: preliminary, prior, introductory, prefatory.
Antonyms: conclusive, ultimate, decisive, consequent.
Usage: Agriculture and economic policy have their own special preparatory committees.
3. GRAFT (noun) घूस
Meaning: bribery and other corrupt practices used to secure illicit advantages or gains in politics or business.
Synonyms: corruption, dishonesty, fraudulence, subornation.
Antonyms: incorruptibility, honesty, sterility, probity.
Usage: Public procurement laws also need urgent reform to prevent graft and corruption.
4. POGROM (noun) तबाही
Meaning: massacre, mass murder.
Synonyms: holocaust, slaughter, decimation, carnage.
Antonyms: relief, rescue, refuge, support.
Usage: It is unthinkable that anyone could design a pogrom as a means for eliminating a group of people.
5. MAINSTAY (noun) आधार
Meaning: a person or thing on which something else is based or depends.
Synonyms: cornerstone, bulwark, buttress, bastion.
Antonyms: antagonist, opponent, enemy.
Usage: Smith was a mainstay of the club’s success this season with his running from defence and solid tackling.
6. FRAY (noun) दंगा
Meaning: a battle or fight.
Synonyms: skirmish, altercation, tussle, struggle.
Antonyms: agreement, truce, harmony, tranquility.
Usage: Police officers pushed several against cars to separate them from the fray as the fight spilled into a parking garage.
7. INFLAMMATORY (adjective) भड़काऊ
Meaning: (especially of speech or writing) arousing or intended to arouse angry or violent feelings.
Synonyms: provoking, inciting, agitating, stirring,
Antonyms: placating, mitigating, assuaging, soothing.
Usage: She suggested that the councillor should step down as his remarks were clearly inflammatory.
8. DIRECTIVE (noun) आदेश
Meaning: an official or authoritative instruction.
Synonyms: injunction, enjoinment, prescription, command.
Antonyms: entreaty, petition, plea, appeal.
Usage: The US government has no authority to issue directives to the country’s courts.
9. MISGIVING (noun) संदेह
Meaning: a feeling of doubt or apprehension about the outcome or consequences of something.
Synonyms: qualm, doubt, reservation, scruple.
Antonyms: assurance, certainty, certitude, conviction.
Usage: Despite my misgivings, I picked up a box of these today when I filled the new prescription.
10. HOBBLE (verb) लंगड़ाना
Meaning: walk in an awkward way, typically because of pain from an injury.
Synonyms: totter, dodder, falter, lurch.
Antonyms: breeze, glide, sail, stride.
Usage: And the Olympic silver medallist in Sydney looked to be in considerable pain as he hobbled off the track.