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English Language Quiz For Bank Mains Exam 2023-02nd December

Directions (1-5): Read the following passage and answer the questions. Some words are given in bold for answer the questions.

The Commerce and Industries Ministry has called for far-reaching measures to be taken to mitigate the effects of the COVID-19 lockdown, urging the Home Ministry to allow relaxations of the restrictions on a number of industry sectors.
In a letter to Home Secretary Ajay Kumar Bhalla on Saturday, Industries Secretary Guruprasad Mohapatra said “more activities with reasonable safeguards must be allowed” once a final decision was taken on the extension of the lockdown. “These new activities are essential to improve the economic activity and provide liquidity in the hands of the people,” urged Dr. Mohapatra who heads the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT). He said all recommendations were based on Commerce Minister Piyush Goyal’s interactions with industry representatives.
Dr. Mohapatra recommended that industrial activity be restarted in at least 15 sectors, including heavy electricals, electronics and telecom equipment, automobiles, steel mills, power looms, defence units, cement, rubber, seeds, agro-chemicals and fertilizers. To begin with, manufacturing should be restarted in single shifts of 20-25% capacity, following proper social distancing and sanitation norms. Companies which are allowed to operate should be allowed to insist on workers returning for duty to avail wages, he added. Export units and construction sector need to be allowed to operate within safeguards, while street vendors and small repairmen should be allowed to provide doorstep services, said the letter.
“It’s a recommendatory letter from the DPIIT. We have collected the opinions of trade and industry and conveyed it to the MHA [Ministry of Home Affairs]. It is for the MHA to take a final call,” Dr. Mohapatra. In his letter, the DPIIT Secretary raised the issue of transport hurdles as a major roadblock, even for the activities already permitted by the Home Ministry notifications. “We are facing a lot of problems on this and very clear ………… (A) of the MHA stand to allow free movement of vehicles and manpower in these sectors needs to be done,” he said. “All transport vehicles of all sizes, whether inter-State, intra-State or intra-city, need to be allowed, whether empty or full, by all enforcement agencies without asking any question.” He also urged that banks and customs accept digital documents without insisting on original copies until the lockdown is over.
Dr. Mohapatra emphasised the importance of allowing vendors and service providers to resume activities so that this vulnerable population gets much needed cash liquidity, apart from providing critical services to other citizens. These include fruit and vegetable sellers, plumbers, electricians, cobblers, dhobis and mobile repairmen, he said.
With regard to reopening industries, the suggested safeguards include single entry points for workers, sufficient space for ensuring social distancing, use of separate transport for ferrying workers or making housing arrangements in factory premises and high quality regular sanitisation of the premises, said the letter. State and district authorities would be responsible for monitoring compliance.

Given that rubber is essential for certain medical items including surgical gloves and other protective equipment, catheters, ventilators and IV tubing, Dr. Mohapatra urged that manufacturing ………………………………………..(B). Other industry sectors include glass, paper, FMCG, food and beverages, plastic, gems and jewellery, paints and dyes, and all units in special economic zones. Steel, power and mining industries are already exempted from the lockdown restrictions.

Q1. What does the letter written by the Industries Secretary talk about?

(i) Seeking relaxation of the restrictions on various industries
(ii) Sweeping measures to reduce the negative effects of lockdown
(iii) Relaxation of restrictions on only few industrial sectors

(a) Only (i)
(b) Both (ii) and (iii)
(c) Only (ii)
(d) Both (i) and (iii)
(e) Both (i) and (ii)

Q2. Why should more industrial activities with reasonable safeguards be allowed?

(a) To boost up economic activity
(b) Promoting cash flow in people’s hands
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) To enhance money in Jan Dhan accounts
(e) All (a), (b), and (d)

Q3. What were the recommendations by Dr. Mohapatra for resuming industrial activities?
(a) Following social distancing and sanitation
(b) Resuming manufacturing with 20 to 25% of staff in single shifts
(c) Companies having operating permits should be given permission to call workers to join duty to get their salaries.
(d) All (a), (b), (c)
(e) None of these

Q4. What were the suggested safeguards regarding reopening the industries?

(a) Single point entry
(b) Ample space for adequate social distancing
(c) Usage of separate transport
(d) Regular sanitization of work premises
(e) All of the above

Q5. Which of the following words can replace VULNERABLE as highlighted in the passage to make it grammatically and contextually correct?

(a) Squash
(b) Exposed
(c)  Resist
(d) Hampered
(e) Dehumanize

Solutions

S1. Ans. (e)
Sol. Refer to the introductory lines of the given passage, it is quite clear from the lines, The Commerce and Industries Ministry has called for far-reaching measures to be taken to mitigate the effects of the COVID-19 lockdown, urging the Home Ministry to allow relaxations of the restrictions on a number of industry sectors.
Both (i) and (ii) statements are justified with these lines. Hence, option (e) is the right answer choice.

S2. Ans. (c)
Sol. Refer to the second paragraph, the hint can be drawn from the lines, Industries Secretary Guruprasad Mohapatra said “more activities with reasonable safeguards must be allowed” once a final decision was taken on the extension of the lockdown. “These new activities are essential to improve the economic activity and provide liquidity in the hands of the people,”
Here, both options (a) and (b) are justified with these lines. Hence, option (c) is the right answer choice.

S3. Ans. (d)
Sol. Refer to the third paragraph of the given passage, the hint can be drawn from the lines, To begin with, manufacturing should be restarted in single shifts of 20-25% capacity, following proper social distancing and sanitation norms. Companies which are allowed to operate should be allowed to insist on workers returning for duty to avail wages, he added.
Here, all the options (a), (b), and (c) are justified with the above lines. Hence, option (d) is the right answer choice.

S4. Ans. (e)
Sol. Refer to the sixth paragraph, the hint can be drawn from the lines, With regard to reopening industries, the suggested safeguards include single entry points for workers, sufficient space for ensuring social distancing, use of separate transport for ferrying workers or making housing arrangements in factory premises and high quality regular sanitisation of the premises, said the letter. State and district authorities would be responsible for monitoring compliance.
Here, the given options are justified with the above lines. Hence, option (e) is the right answer choice.

S5. Ans. (b)
Sol. Exposed can replace Vulnerable as highlighted in the passage.
Exposed: in a vulnerable position or situation.
Hence, option (b) is the right answer choice.

English Language Quiz For Bank Mains Exam 2023-02nd December |_30.1

English Language Quiz For Bank Mains Exam 2023-02nd December |_40.1                .                              .                                       .                                   .         

FAQs

When is the IBPS Clerk Mains exam scheduled for?

The IBPS Clerk Mains exam is scheduled for 7 October 2023.