Directions (1-5): In each of the questions given below, a sentence is given with one blank. Below each sentence, FOUR words are given out of which two can fit into the sentence. Five options are provided with various combinations of these words. You have to choose the combination with the correct set of words which can coherently fit into the given sentence.
Q1. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) deputy governor N.S. Vishwanathan gave a strongly worded speech on the _________ of stressed assets in late April.
Q2. __________ to make payment due to a cash-flow problem is an indicator for a bank to take immediate action.
Q3. Significant damage to the economy is caused by the large number of zombie firms that have been kept ____________ by credit that they should not have received.
(B) propped up
Q4. Well-run firms have high-quality management and professional finance teams that _________ that payments happen without delay.
Q5. RBI’s new regulations __________ the sanctity of the debt contract and provide the incentives needed to reform the poor credit culture in corporate India.
Directions (6-10): Each question below has two blanks. There are five pairs of words below the sentence. Each pair is lettered. Choose the pair of words which can be filled up in the blanks in the sentence in the same order so as to complete the sentences meaningfully.
Q6. Gopal was frustrated with Sundar, who would not _________ himself to a deadline. Sundar claimed he was working well without a deadline, but Gopal ________ and finally prevailed.
(a) encourage, enforced
(b) inculcate, ordered
(c) cooperate, stipulated
(d) commit, persisted
(e) declared, pressurized
Q7. Coercion sometimes leads to the _________ of short-term goals, but its drawbacks far ________ its advantages.
(a) realization, damage
(b) appreciation, percolate
(c) accomplishment, outweigh
(d) achievement, crumble
(e) destination, magnified
Q8. Professionals focus their _________ on fulfilling their responsibilities and achieving results, not on _________ a particular image.
(a) planning, devising
(b) leadership, attributing
(c) abilities, contributing
(d) energies, portraying
(e) skills, obtaining
Q9. The ________________ of three pillars of sustainable development in public policies in a balanced measure is a difficult _______________.
(a) collection, duty
(b) association, function
(c) integration, exercise
(d) combination, underpinning
(e) group, act
Q10. The industrial, agricultural, commercial and public services _______________ a significant proportion of electricity for ______________ their demand for final energy.
(a) exhaust, accomplished
(b) consume, meeting
(c) utilise, conforming
(d) expend, completed
(e) absorbed, meeting
S1. Ans. (a)
Sol. ‘resolution/ settlement’ are the appropriate set of words delivering the correct meaning to the sentence. Resolution means to find redressal to a problem or an obstacle. Settlement refers to an official agreement intended to resolve a dispute or conflict. Here in the sentence, Deputy governor of RBI has shown his concern towards stressed assets and to complete the sentence resolution/ settlement can be used interchangeably. Other words are irrelevant. Hence option (a) is the correct choice.
Futility means pointlessness or uselessness.
Vaunt means boast about or praise.
S2. Ans. (b)
Sol. ‘Inability/ failing’ are the correct set of words making the sentence meaningful and complete. A negative word must be filled in the blank. Failing means to be unsuccessful in achieving one’s goal, which is similar in meaning to Inability and thus can be used interchangeably.
Hence option (b) is the correct choice.
Assailing means criticize strongly.
S3. Ans. (c)
Sol. ‘propped up’ and ‘fortified’ are the most suitable words for the blanks.
‘propped up’ means reinforcing, bolstering or boosting, which is justifying the meaning of the sentence. ‘propped up’ is similar in meaning to ‘fortified’ that can be filled in the blank giving the correct meaning to the sentence. Other words do not go in harmony with the theme of the sentence. Hence option (c) is the correct choice.
Fortified means strengthen (someone) mentally or physically.
Valued means considered to be important or beneficial; cherished.
S4. Ans. (e)
Sol. ‘ensure/ guarantee’ are the correct set of words delivering a meaningful sense.
Ensure means to make certain that (something) will occur or it can be the case which is similar in meaning to guarantee. Hence, they can be filled in the blank interchangeably providing correct interpretation of the sentence and thus proving option (e) as correct.
Inundate means overwhelm (someone) with things or people to be dealt with.
Subdue means overcome, quieten, or bring under control (a feeling or person).
S5. Ans. (c)
Sol. ‘uphold/ support’ are the correct words for the sentence.
Uphold means to confirm or support (something which has been questioned) is imparting the correct meaning to the sentence. The word should go similar in meaning with ‘provide’ as conjunction ‘and’ takes similar tone sentences at both its ends. ‘support or uphold’ are giving the correct meaning and thus can be used interchangeably.
Other words fail to deliver the correct meaning to the sentence.
Hence option (c) is the correct choice.
Exacerbate means make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.
Covet means desire.
Sol. Stipulated means demand or specify (a requirement), typically as part of an agreement.
Persisted means continue in an opinion or course of action in spite of difficulty or opposition. Inculcate means instill (an idea, attitude, or habit) by persistent instruction.
S7. Ans. (c)
Sol. Outweigh means be heavier, greater, or more significant than.
Percolate means (of a liquid or gas) filter gradually through a porous surface or substance.
Sol. Portraying means depict (someone or something) in a work of art or literature.
Sol. ‘integration, exercise’ is the correct use.
Integration- the action or process of integration or combination.
Underpinning: a set of ideas, motives, or devices which justify or form the basis for something.
Sol. ‘consume, meeting’ is the correct use.
Consume- a person who uses goods or services.