Directions (1-5): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.
Prepare for the “new abnormal”. That was what California Governor Jerry Brown told reporters last month, commenting on the deadly wildfires that have plagued the state this year. He’s right. California’s latest crisis builds on years of record-breaking droughts and heatwaves. The rest of the world, too, has had more than its fair share of extreme weather in 2018. The Lancet Countdown on health and climate change announced last week that 157 million more people were exposed to heatwave events in 2017, compared with 2000.Such environmental disasters will only intensify. Governments, rightly, want to know what to do. Yet the climate-science community is struggling to offer useful answers.
In October 2018, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released a report setting out why we must stop global warming at 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels, and how to do so. If the planet warms by 2 °C — the widely touted temperature limit in the 2015 Paris climate agreement — twice as many people will face water scarcity than if warming is limited to 1.5 °C. That extra warming will also expose more than 1.5 billion people to deadly heat extremes, and hundreds of millions of individuals to vector-borne diseases such as malaria, among other harms.
But the latest IPCC special report underplays another alarming fact: global warming is accelerating. Three trends — rising emissions, declining air pollution and natural climate cycles — will combine over the next 20 years to make climate change faster and more furious than anticipated. In our view, there’s a good chance that we could breach the 1.5 °C level by 2030, not by 2040 as projected in the special report (see ‘Accelerated warming’). The climate-modelling community has not grappled enough with the rapid changes that policymakers care most about, preferring to focus on longer-term trends and equilibria.
Q1. In what reference has the California Governor used the phrase “new abnormal” in the above passage?
Q2. What were the two main points stated out in the report released by IPCC in October 2018?
Q3. What will be the harmful effects of extra warming according to the IPCC report?
Q4. Which of the following is SIMILAR to the word GRAPPLED given in BOLD in the passage?
Q5. Which of the following is OPPOSITE to the word PLAGUED given in BOLD in the passage?
Directions (6-10): In each of the following sentences, there are two blank spaces. Below the sentences, there are five options with a pair of words each. Fill up the sentences with the pair of words that make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct.
Q6. Three years into his ------------ in 2017, the chief minister of Maharashtra, Devendra Fadnavis of the Bharatiya Janata Party warned his party’s prickly ally Shiv Sena to quit trying to don the ----------- of the Opposition.
Q7. The ---------------- power of the mob made itself felt once again when the Ajmer Literature Festival abruptly ------------- veteran actor Naseeruddin Shah’s keynote address.
Q8. The Union Home Secretary, last week, ------------- an order authorising 10 Central agencies to monitor, intercept and ---------- information which is transmitted, generated, stored in or received by any computer.
Q9. Section 69 of the IT Act is so ------------ worded that it could enable mass surveillance to achieve relatively far less serious aims such as preventing the incitement of the commission of a ------------- offence.
Q10. Section 69 also falls --------- of meeting with the principles of natural justice by ----------- to accommodate pre-decisional hearings.
Directions (11-15): In each of the questions given below a/an idiom/phrase is given in bold which is then followed by five options which then try to decipher its meaning. Choose the option which gives the correct meaning of the phrases.
Q11. William will keep quiet only when pigs fly.
Q12. A full day in a resort with all three meals is just seventh heaven.
Q13. The grocery store is giving away free candy, no strings attached.
Q14. Fuel these days costs an arm and a leg.
Q15. He hit the nail on the head when he said this company needs more HR support.