SBI Clerk Mains English Language Quiz- 16th July 2019

SBI Clerk Main 2019 English Language Quiz- 16th July

SBI Clerk Main English Language Quiz

Is your DREAM to get selected in SBI Clerk 2019 recruitment? Well, then you must speed up your preparation as the Main exam which is the final step towards selection will take place on 10th August. The English Language is one of the subjects you’ll need to deal with and to help you keep your preparation up to the mark, here we provide you with a questionnaire of English Language to crack SBI Clerk Main. For other subjects, you can check the Dream SBI Clerk Selection Study Plan.


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Directions (1-5): Each question has two blanks with one blank to be filled by an idiom and other to be filled by a word. Choose the option which correctly mentions the idiom and the word to fill the blanks. 

Q1. The landmark Cold War nuclear Weapons agreement might ____________________ if Russia, as announced by the US Secretary of State during a NATO foreign ministers’ meeting, does not come into ____________________ with the treaty within 60 days.



throw cold water; problem
end up in smoke; compliance
carry the ball; assessment
smell a rat; Europe
burn your boots; The United States
Solution:
Idioms:
throw cold water means discourage;
end up in smoke means to fail;
carry the ball means to be in charge;
smell a rat means to suspect foul dealings;
burn your boots means do something that makes it impossible to
return to the previous situation
;
Words:
Compliance [noun] means ‘the action or fact of complying with a
wish or command
’;
The tone of the sentence suggests that Russia is being warned in
relation to her compliance with an agreement related to Nuclear Weapons. Among
the given idiom, the idiom ‘end up in smoke’ which means ‘to fail’,
provides the correct context to the blank, and among the given words, ‘compliance’
is the correct word to fill the blank.
Among the given options, option (b) is the
correct answer.
Q2. Sameera had become very uncomfortable and ____________________ when visiting her parents after losing the final match in tennis to an/a ____________________ and suffered chronic tension.
couch potato; difference
a dark horse; treatment
a house of cards; division
beyond the pale; equality
ill at ease; underdog
Solution:
Idioms:
Couch potato means a person who prefers to watch television;
A dark horse means an unknown entry;
A house of cards means an insecure scheme;
Beyond the pale means unreasonable or unacceptable;
Ill at ease means uneasy;
Sameera had lost her final match and it is given that she was very
uncomfortable. Among the given options, the idiom ‘ill at ease’ and the
word ‘underdog’ provide the correct context to the sentence.
Hence, option (e) is the correct answer.
Q3. After two hours spent ________________ in the snow, I realized we were on a ______________________.
wandering; wild goose chase
researching; hard of hearing
wanting; house of cards
gaining; maiden speech
working; couch potato
Solution:
Idioms:
Wild-goose chase means a pointless search;
Hard of hearing means to be deaf;
House of cards means an insecure scheme;
Maiden speech means first speech;
Couch potato means a person who prefers to watch television;
Words:
Wandering  means ‘travelling
aimlessly from place to place; itinerant’
;
Researching means ‘investigate systematically.’;
Wanting [adjective] means ‘lacking in a required or necessary
quality
’;
Gaining  means ‘obtain or
secure (something wanted or desirable)
’;
Working means ‘functioning or able to function’;
Among the given options, the word ‘wandering’ and the idiom
wild-chase goose’ provide the correct context to the blanks of the
sentence.
Hence, option (a) is the correct answer.

Q4. A hospital in Srinagar has ____________________ the plea of a Sikh girl who had offered her kidney to save her terminally ill Muslim friend, accepting the ____________________ raised by the prospective donor’s father.
driven home; acrimony
dressed down; history
called in question; sacrifices
curried favour; money
turned down; demurs
Solution:
Idioms:
Driven home means emphasise;
Dressed down means giving a scolding;
Called in question means challenge;
Curried favour means seek favourable attention;
Turned down means reject;
Words:
Demurs [noun] means ‘the action of objecting to or hesitating
over something
’;
Acrimony [noun] means ‘bitterness or ill feeling’;
The phrase ‘raised by the prospective donor’s father’ suggests
that donor’s father raised objection to her daughter offering to donate her
kidney, and hence, the hospital, accepting the plea of her father has rejected
the plea of a Sikh girl who had offered her kidney.
Among the given options, the idiom ‘turned down’ and the
word ‘demurs’ provide the correct context to the blanks.
Hence, option (e) is the correct answer.
Q5. The Senate’s refusal last year to ratify the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty may have been a ____________________. The US is certainly not interested in ____________________ her pursuit for Nuclear weapons.
drop in the bucket; undermining
feather in one’s cap; enervating
weal and woe; vindicating
straw in the wind; terminating
leaps and bounds; blaming
Solution:
Idioms:
Drop in the bucket means a very insignificant amount;
Feather in one’s cap means a new and additional distinction;
Weal and woe means good times and bad times;
Straw in the wind means an indication of what might happen;
Leaps and bounds means rapidly;
Words:
Enervating [enervate, verb] means ‘make (someone) feel drained
of energy or vitality
’;
Vindicating [vindicate, verb] means ‘clear (someone) of blame
or suspicion
’;
Terminating [terminate, verb] means ‘bring to an end’;
Blaming [blame, verb] means ‘feel or declare that (someone or
something) is responsible for a fault or wrong
’;
The Senate has refused to ratify the Comprehensive Test Ban
Treaty. It means that the US is not interested in stopping her
pursuit for Nuclear weapons.
Among the given options, the idiom ‘straw in the wind
and the word ‘terminating’ provide the correct context to the
blanks.
Hence, option (d) is the correct answer.
Directions (6-10): Given below are five sentences of a paragraph in a jumbled fashion. Arrange the sentences to form a coherent paragraph and answer the following questions. 
(E) Between 1977 and 1996, the power to impose presidential rule was exercised almost 59 times.
(A) Prime Minister Indira Gandhi’s cabinet resorted to the power an estimated 50 times in her 14 years.
(D) The fact that it includes 15 instances between 1980 and 1984 after the Supreme Court held federalism a basic feature of the Constitution is quite telling.
(C) From 1991 till 2016, there have been 32 instances of the exercise of this power — compared to 92 instances in the preceding period.
(B) In S.R. Bommai v. Union of India (1994), the limitation laid down by the Supreme Court might have placed gentle breaks on exercise of this power, but the Centre continues to wield superior legislative powers, including residuary powers and legislative precedence.

Q6. What should be the Last sentence of the sequence?

D
A
B
C
E
Solution:
The correct sequence is ‘EADCB’.
The sentence (E) informs us about the theme of the paragraph which
is ‘instances of the exercising of presidential rule between 1977 and 1996’.
So, the sentence (E) should be the first sentence of the final paragraph. The
sentence (A) informs about how many times such exercising of presidential rule
happened during the Prime Ministerial era of Mrs. Indira Gandhi. The occurrence
of the pronoun ‘it’ in the sentence (D) suggests that there should exists a
sentence prior the sentence (A) which would provide the antecedent for the
pronoun ‘it’. Among the given sentences, only sentence (A) can provide the
antecedent to the pronoun ‘it’ and the antecedent is the resorting to imposing
presidential rule during the 14 years when Mrs. Indira Gandhi was the Prime
Minister. So, A-D should be a sub-sequence. Among the sentences (B) and (C),
the sentence (C) talks about the time era between 1991 and 2016 and the
exercising of the power to impose presidential rule during that time era. The
sentence (C) gels well with the sub-sequence A-D, but the sentence (C) should
trail the subsequence A-D because the sub-sequence A-D talks about an earlier
time while the sentence (C) talks about the latter time. So, we get the
sub-sequence ‘ADC’. The sentence (B) talks about an instance of legal battle on
the issue and seems to provide a conclusion by informing us about the
limitation laid down by the Supreme Court but still the continuance of wielding
superior legislative power by the Centre. Hence, the sentence (B) should be the
last sentence.
Hence, the correct sequence is ‘EADCB
and the option (c) is the correct answer.
Q7. What should be the SECOND sentence of the sequence?
D
A
B
C
E
Solution:
The correct sequence is ‘EADCB’.
The sentence (E) informs us about the theme of the paragraph which
is ‘instances of the exercising of presidential rule between 1977 and 1996’.
So, the sentence (E) should be the first sentence of the final paragraph. The
sentence (A) informs about how many times such exercising of presidential rule
happened during the Prime Ministerial era of Mrs. Indira Gandhi. The occurrence
of the pronoun ‘it’ in the sentence (D) suggests that there should exists a
sentence prior the sentence (A) which would provide the antecedent for the
pronoun ‘it’. Among the given sentences, only sentence (A) can provide the
antecedent to the pronoun ‘it’ and the antecedent is the resorting to imposing
presidential rule during the 14 years when Mrs. Indira Gandhi was the Prime
Minister. So, A-D should be a sub-sequence. Among the sentences (B) and (C),
the sentence (C) talks about the time era between 1991 and 2016 and the
exercising of the power to impose presidential rule during that time era. The
sentence (C) gels well with the sub-sequence A-D, but the sentence (C) should
trail the subsequence A-D because the sub-sequence A-D talks about an earlier
time while the sentence (C) talks about the latter time. So, we get the
sub-sequence ‘ADC’. The sentence (B) talks about an instance of legal battle on
the issue and seems to provide a conclusion by informing us about the
limitation laid down by the Supreme Court but still the continuance of wielding
superior legislative power by the Centre. Hence, the sentence (B) should be the
last sentence.
Hence, the correct sequence is ‘EADCB
and the option (b) is the correct answer. 
Q8. What should be the FOURTH sentence of the final sequence?
A
E
D
B
C
Solution:
The correct sequence is ‘EADCB’.
The sentence (E) informs us about the theme of the paragraph which
is ‘instances of the exercising of presidential rule between 1977 and 1996’.
So, the sentence (E) should be the first sentence of the final paragraph. The
sentence (A) informs about how many times such exercising of presidential rule
happened during the Prime Ministerial era of Mrs. Indira Gandhi. The occurrence
of the pronoun ‘it’ in the sentence (D) suggests that there should exists a
sentence prior the sentence (A) which would provide the antecedent for the
pronoun ‘it’. Among the given sentences, only sentence (A) can provide the
antecedent to the pronoun ‘it’ and the antecedent is the resorting to imposing
presidential rule during the 14 years when Mrs. Indira Gandhi was the Prime
Minister. So, A-D should be a sub-sequence. Among the sentences (B) and (C),
the sentence (C) talks about the time era between 1991 and 2016 and the
exercising of the power to impose presidential rule during that time era. The
sentence (C) gels well with the sub-sequence A-D, but the sentence (C) should
trail the subsequence A-D because the sub-sequence A-D talks about an earlier
time while the sentence (C) talks about the latter time. So, we get the
sub-sequence ‘ADC’. The sentence (B) talks about an instance of legal battle on
the issue and seems to provide a conclusion by informing us about the
limitation laid down by the Supreme Court but still the continuance of wielding
superior legislative power by the Centre. Hence, the sentence (B) should be the
last sentence.
Hence, the correct sequence is ‘EADCB
and the option (e) is the correct answer. 
Q9. What should be the THIRD sentence of the final sequence?
D
A
C
B
E
Solution:
The correct sequence is ‘EADCB’.
The sentence (E) informs us about the theme of the paragraph which
is ‘instances of the exercising of presidential rule between 1977 and 1996’.
So, the sentence (E) should be the first sentence of the final paragraph. The
sentence (A) informs about how many times such exercising of presidential rule
happened during the Prime Ministerial era of Mrs. Indira Gandhi. The occurrence
of the pronoun ‘it’ in the sentence (D) suggests that there should exists a
sentence prior the sentence (A) which would provide the antecedent for the
pronoun ‘it’. Among the given sentences, only sentence (A) can provide the
antecedent to the pronoun ‘it’ and the antecedent is the resorting to imposing
presidential rule during the 14 years when Mrs. Indira Gandhi was the Prime
Minister. So, A-D should be a sub-sequence. Among the sentences (B) and (C),
the sentence (C) talks about the time era between 1991 and 2016 and the
exercising of the power to impose presidential rule during that time era. The
sentence (C) gels well with the sub-sequence A-D, but the sentence (C) should
trail the subsequence A-D because the sub-sequence A-D talks about an earlier
time while the sentence (C) talks about the latter time. So, we get the sub-sequence
‘ADC’. The sentence (B) talks about an instance of legal battle on the issue
and seems to provide a conclusion by informing us about the limitation laid
down by the Supreme Court but still the continuance of wielding superior
legislative power by the Centre. Hence, the sentence (B) should be the last
sentence.
Hence, the correct sequence is ‘EADCB
and the option (a) is the correct answer.
Q10. What should be the FIRST sentence of the final sequence?
C
D
B
E
A
Solution:
The correct sequence is ‘EADCB’.
The sentence (E) informs us about the theme of the paragraph which
is ‘instances of the exercising of presidential rule between 1977 and 1996’.
So, the sentence (E) should be the first sentence of the final paragraph. The
sentence (A) informs about how many times such exercising of presidential rule
happened during the Prime Ministerial era of Mrs. Indira Gandhi. The occurrence
of the pronoun ‘it’ in the sentence (D) suggests that there should exists a
sentence prior the sentence (A) which would provide the antecedent for the
pronoun ‘it’. Among the given sentences, only sentence (A) can provide the
antecedent to the pronoun ‘it’ and the antecedent is the resorting to imposing
presidential rule during the 14 years when Mrs. Indira Gandhi was the Prime
Minister. So, A-D should be a sub-sequence. Among the sentences (B) and (C),
the sentence (C) talks about the time era between 1991 and 2016 and the
exercising of the power to impose presidential rule during that time era. The
sentence (C) gels well with the sub-sequence A-D, but the sentence (C) should
trail the subsequence A-D because the sub-sequence A-D talks about an earlier
time while the sentence (C) talks about the latter time. So, we get the
sub-sequence ‘ADC’. The sentence (B) talks about an instance of legal battle on
the issue and seems to provide a conclusion by informing us about the
limitation laid down by the Supreme Court but still the continuance of wielding
superior legislative power by the Centre. Hence, the sentence (B) should be the
last sentence.
Hence, the correct sequence is ‘EADCB
and the option (d) is the correct answer.

Directions (11-15): The following question consists of a sentence which is divided into three parts which may contain grammatical errors in one or more than one part of the sentence. If there is an error in any part of the sentence, find the correct alternatives to replace those parts from the three options given below at each question to make the sentence grammatically correct.
If the given sentence is grammatically correct or does not require any correction, choose (e), i.e., No correction required as your answer. 

Q11. India’s gross domestic product (GDP) is expected to have grow (I)/ at 6.7% in 2017-18, which could rise to 8% in the future (II)/ depending on the effectiveness of economical reforms. (III) 



(I) India’s gross domestic product (GDP) is expected to have grown 
(II) at 6.7% in 2017-18, that could raise to 8% in the future 
(III) depending on the effectiveness of economic reforms

Only (I)
Both (I) and (III)
Both (I) and (II)
Only (II)
No correction required
Solution:
The errors lie in the parts (I) and (III) of the sentence. It is to be noted the sentence having a present perfect tense is made using the auxiliary verb ‘have’ plus the past participle of the main verb. Therefore, “grow” should be replaced by “grown”. Moreover, in the part (III) “Economic” and “economical” are two adjectives that are frequently used interchangeably. They are clearly related but they have, strictly speaking, quite distinct meanings. “Economy” means Relating to economics or the economy while “economy” means Giving good value or return in relation to the resources used or money spent; sparing in the use of resources or money. So, government policies to do with finance would be economic but fuel-efficient cars would be described as more economical. Therefore, ‘economical’ should be replaced by ‘economic’. Hence, the option (b) is the most suitable answer choice.
Q12. With green tall mountains encasing it, (I)/ the river running over, and small little cottages dotting it, (II)/ Pahalgam town is as idyllic as it can get, kind of untouched by modernity. (III) 
(I) With tall green mountains encasing it 
(II) the river running across, and small little cottages dotting it,
(
III) Pahalgam town was idyllic as it can get, kind of untouched with modernity
Only (I)
Both (I) and (III)
Both (I) and (II)
Only (II)
No correction required
Solution:
The errors lie in the parts (I) and (II) of the sentence. It is to be noted that to make the first part of the sentence grammatically correct, replace “green tall” by “tall green”, since while describing a noun with adjective of size and adjective of colour, then the chronological order of the adjectives should be size and then colour. In addition to it, if more adjectives are used to describe the noun, then they should follow the following order: adjective of size, adjective of general description, adjective of age, adjective of shape, adjective of colour, adjective of general origin, adjective of material and lastly adjective of purpose.
Moreover, the part (II) contains a prepositional error. To make it correct replace “over” by “across” as across means from one side to the other of (a place, area, etc.). Hence, the option (c) is the most viable answer choice.
Q13. India, where most workers are employed in the informal sector (I)/ and the participation of women in the labour force are low, (II)/ has an opportunity to seize the opportunities that digital technology provides. (III) 
(I) India, were more workers are employed in the informal sector 
(II) and the participation of women in the labour force is low 
(III) has an opportunity to size the opportunities that digital technology provides.

Only (II)
Both (I) and (III)
Both (I) and (II)
Only (III)
No correction required
Solution:
The error lies in the part (II) of the given sentence. It is to be noted that the subject associated with the verb “are’ is ‘Participation’ rather than ‘women’. Since the subject ‘participation’ is a singular noun, the verb associated to it should also be singular. Therefore, ‘are’ should be replaced by ‘is’. Hence, the option (a) is the most suitable answer choice.
Q14. Early this month, shares of Bandhan Bank Ltd fell 20% after the Reserve Bank of India (I)/ barred it from opening new branches without its approval,(II)/ besides freezing the salary of its chief executive officer.(III) 
(I) Early this month, shares of Bandhan Bank Ltd fallen 20% after the Reserve Bank of India 
(II) barred it to opening new branches without its approval, 
(III) besides freezing the salary on its chief executive officer
Only (II)
Both (I) and (III)
Both (I) and (II)
Only (I)
No correction required
Solution:
All the given parts of the sentence are grammatically correct and do not require any replacement; hence, the option (e) becomes the most suitable answer choice.
Q15. Regulators and court has to ensure that the RIL deal does not violate (I)/ the content-carriage separation principles and rules, for healthy competition (II)/ in broadcasting and the more general content business. (III) 
(I) Regulators and courts will have to ensure that the RIL deal does not violate 
(II) the content-carriage separation principles and rules, for health competition 
(III) in the broadcasting and the more general content business
Only (II)
Both (I) and (III)
Both (I) and (II)
Only (I)
No correction required
Solution:
Parts (I) and (III) of the sentence contain error. It is to be noted if two subjects are joined using the conjunction ‘and’, then the plural from of verb is required. Also in part (III) the article “the” is required before the gerund ‘broadcasting’. However, the given part (II) of the sentence is grammatically and correct and contextually meaningful. Hence, option (b) is the most viable answer choice.
               



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