SBI Clerk Main 2019 English Language Quiz- 8th July

SBI Clerk Main English Language Quiz- 4th July

SBI Clerk Main English Language Quiz

Is your DREAM to get selected in SBI Clerk 2019 recruitment? Well, then you must speed up your preparation as the Main exam which is the final step towards selection will take place on 10th August. The English Language is one of the subjects you’ll need to deal with and to help you keep your preparation up to the mark, here we provide you with a questionnaire of English Language to crack SBI Clerk Main. For other subjects, you can check the Dream SBI Clerk Selection Study Plan.





Direction (1-5): Select the phrase/connector (STARTERS) from the given three options which can be used to form a single sentence from the two sentences given below, implying the same meaning as expressed in the statement sentences. 


Q1. (I) Paddy farmers this year received a price that was 7% higher compared to 2017 season.
(II) Despite depressed market situation and increased production. 

(i) Paddy farmers this year… 
(ii) Despite depressed market… 
(iii) In spite of depressed market…

Only (i)
Only (iii)
Both (ii) and (iii)
None of these
All of these
Solution:

All the three starters can be used to frame a meaningful sentence without altering the intended meaning of the given sentences. Hence option (e) is the correct choice.
(i) Paddy farmers this year received a price that was 7% higher compared to 2017 season despite depressed market situation and increased production.
(ii) Despite depressed market situation and increased production, paddy farmers this year received a price that was 7% higher compared to 2017 season.
(iii) In spite of depressed market situation and increased production, paddy farmers this year received a price that was 7% higher compared to 2017 season.

Q2. (I) The report acknowledges several barriers like lack of maternity benefits.
(II) The report falls short of thinking out-of-the-box. 

(i) The report acknowledges… 
(ii) Falling short the report… 
(iii) However, the report falls short…

Only (i)
Only (iii)
Both (ii) and (iii)
None of these
All of these
Solution:

Only starter (iii) can be used to frame a meaningful sentence without altering the exact meaning of the given sentences. However, it is not possible to construct a contextual sentence using the first and second starter as they would alter the intended meaning. Hence option (b) is the correct choice.
Here however means in whatever way; regardless of how.
(iii) However, the report falls short of thinking out-of-the box, it acknowledges several barriers like lack of maternity benefits.

Q3. (I) The temperature record unequivocally shows that the Earth is warming.
(II) It seems like a slam dunk that this is cause-and-effect at work. 

(i) Given that the temperature record… 
(ii) Having the temperature… 
(iii) Causing the temperature record…

Only (ii)
Only (iii)
Both (i) and (iii)
Both (i) and (ii)
All of these
Solution:

Both the starters (i) and (ii) can be used to frame a meaningful sentence without altering the exact meaning of the given sentences. However, it is not possible to construct a contextual sentence using the third starter as it would alter the intended meaning. Hence option (d) is the correct choice.
(i) Given that the temperature record unequivocally shows that the Earth is warming, it seems like a slam dunk that this is cause-and-effect at work.
(ii) Having the temperature record unequivocally shows that the Earth is warming, it seems like a slam dunk that this is cause-and-effect at work.

Q4. (I) Cement is taxed at 28%. 
(II) Most construction material, and various input services used in buildings attract 18% GST. 
(i) While most construction… 
(ii) While various input services… 
(iii) While cement is…

Only (ii)
Only (iii)
Both (i) and (iii)
Both (i) and (ii)
All of these
Solution:

All the three starters can be used to frame a meaningful sentence without altering the intended meaning of the given sentences. Hence option (e) is the correct choice.
(i) While most construction material, and various input services used in buildings attract 18% GST, cement is taxed at 28%.
(ii) While various input services and most construction materials used in buildings attract 18% GST, cement is taxed at 28%.
(iii) While cement is taxed at 28%, most construction material and various input services used in buildings attract 18% GST.

Q5. (I) The databases have limited value for anticipating future potential. 
(II) A developer can quickly access hyper local community data. 
(i) Since a developer can… 
(ii) If a developer can… 
(iii) Due to a developer can…

Only (i)
Only (iii)
Both (ii) and (iii)
None of these
All of these
Solution:

None of the given starter can connect both the statements coherently to form a grammatically correct and contextually meaningful sentence. Hence, option (d) is the most suitable answer choice.

Directions (6-10): In the following questions a sentence is given, some parts of the sentence are given in bold which may have grammatical or spelling error or they may be contextually incorrect. Two columns (A) and (B) are given, column (A) consists of bold parts of the sentence and column (B) consists of the appropriate replacement for the bold parts. Match the correct replacements. If the sentence is correct mark no error as your answer. 


Q6. Historically, UP has threw up most of the prime ministers with the largest number of MPs being returned to Lok Sabha, and Modi too appear to has a game-plan to make an impact by putting all economic and industrial eggs in the UP basket, instead of spreading them thin all over India.
 

C-III and B-II
B-II and D-IV
A-I and C-III
None of the given options are correct
no error
Solution:

Phrases (A) and (C) are grammatically incorrect which should be replaced by phrases (I) and (III) respectively. Phrase (A) should be in past participle tense, therefore, “threw up” should be replaced by “thrown up”. Moreover, in phrase (C), since Modi is singular, the verb associated to it should also be singular, hence “appear” should be replaced by “appears”. In addition to, 'have to' is used to mean that something is necessary. It is used in the following way in affirmative sentences: “subject + modal (have to / has to) + verb”. All the other phrases are correct and do not require any corrections or replacements. Hence, option (c) is the most viable answer choice.

Q7. When this income level are exceeded, most business income can still qualify as long as the business pays a certain amount of wages or has certain depreciable property or has a combination of both.



C-III and B-II
A-I and C-III
B-II and D-IV
None of the given options are correct
no error
Solution:

Phrase (A) and (C) are grammatically incorrect and therefore, they should be replaced with phrases (I) and (III). It is to be noted that the non-highlighted part “…are exceeded” provides a hint that the subject of the sentence should also be in its plural form, hence, “this income level” should be replaced by “these income level”. Moreover, it is to be noted that the phrase “a certain amount of” is always followed by an uncountable noun while; “certain” is followed by a plural noun. Since, the non-highlighted part mentions “…depreciable property”, therefore, the highlighted part should be “a certain amount of”. All the other highlighted parts are correct. Therefore, option (b) is the most feasible answer choice.

Q8. Instead of the temporary problem that it created, people in and out stood by him, appreciating his approach to root out the evil of black money.


A-I and B-II
A-I and C-III
B-II and D-IV
None of the given options are correct
no error
Solution:

Phrases (A) and (B) contain errors in them. It is to be noted that, “instead of” means ‘as a substitute for or alternative to’ while; “in spite of” means ‘without being affected by the particular factor mentioned’. Thus, to make the phrase contextually relevant to the sentence, replace phrase (A) by phrase (I). Moreover, there is a contextual error in phrase (B) as well. The idiom ‘in and out’ means inconsistent and unreliable, which fails to provide appropriate meaning to the sentence, thus it should be replaced by phrase (II) as, idiom “by and large” means on the whole; everything considered. All the other highlighted phrases are precise, hence, option (a) is the most suitable answer choice.

Q9. Due to the reason of high wildfire danger in the Washington and Idaho, Avista personnel will be making changes to the way they re-energize downed power lines.

A-I and B-II
A-I and C-III
B-II and D-IV
None of the given options are correct
no error
Solution:

The error lies in only the phrase (A) of the sentence. It is to be noted that the phrase “due to the reason of” stands incorrect as “due to” and “reason” provides similar contextual meaning, hence one of the term is redundant in the phrase. Therefore, phrase (A) should be replaced by phrase (I) to make the sentence grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. Since none of the given combinations provide the appropriate answer, option (d) becomes the most feasible answer choice.

Q10. Top management level changes have been affected suddenly, agreements have been signed with private companies for satellite-related work, the navigation satellite programme has suffered a setback, and the moon mission has apparently been postponed.

A-I and B-II
A-I and C-III
B-II and D-IV
None of the given options are correct
no error
Solution:

All the highlighted phrases of the given sentence are grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. Thus, they do not require any replacements or corrections. Hence, option (e) is the most viable answer choice.

Directions (11-15): In the passage given below there are blanks which are to be filled with the options given below. Find out the appropriate pair of words in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering the meaning of the statement. Both the pair must fill the blank. 


Q11. Prime Minister Narendra Modi appears to be under the (11)_____________ that most of us will accept his party’s Congress bashing uncritically and without judging it from a historical point of view. As one who continues to revel in (12) ______________ skills, Mr. Modi must honestly introspect whether he can (13)______________paint black the contributions of the Indian National Congress under the first Prime Minister in nation building. The goal of the Bharatiya Janata Party is stated to be creating a ‘Congress-less India’, which is a (14) ______________ and autocratic policy. It implies that the party does not want to recognize the Opposition and institutions to audit its governance. Mr. Modi must realize that there is nothing (15) ______________to show in terms of people-oriented policies.

illusion / misconception
ostentatious / tumid
vision / aim
mission / objective
assignment / duty
Solution:

Option (a) is the correct choice. The tone of the paragraph is critical. The paragraph is describing about the future plans of Prime Minister Modi and forecasting the reactions and outcome of these plans. As the author is writing in a critical tone the pair of words “illusion / misconception” best fits the blank. These words are expressing a criticism towards Modi’s political strategies. “ostentatious” means to characterise by pretentious or showy display; designed to impress. “tumid” means (especially of a part of the body) swollen. Therefore, among all the given options, option (a) proves to be the most suitable one.

Q12. Prime Minister Narendra Modi appears to be under the (11)_____________ that most of us will accept his party’s Congress bashing uncritically and without judging it from a historical point of view. As one who continues to revel in (12) ______________ skills, Mr. Modi must honestly introspect whether he can (13)______________paint black the contributions of the Indian National Congress under the first Prime Minister in nation building. The goal of the Bharatiya Janata Party is stated to be creating a ‘Congress-less India’, which is a (14) ______________ and autocratic policy. It implies that the party does not want to recognize the Opposition and institutions to audit its governance. Mr. Modi must realize that there is nothing (15) ______________to show in terms of people-oriented policies.

dismissive / inordinate
organizing / management
diabolical / infernal
oratorical / rhetorical
unrestricted / unrestrained
Solution:

Option (d) is the correct choice. Here, the paragraph is describing the oratorical skills of Prime Minister Modi while delivering speeches. “oratorical” is an adjective which means relating to the art or practice of public speaking. “oratorical” is similar in meaning to “rhetorical”. “dismissive” means feeling or showing that something is unworthy of consideration. “diabolical” is also an adjective which means the characteristic of the Devil, or so evil as to recall the Devil which is similar in meaning with “infernal”. Hence, among all the given words the only pair that satisfies the blank is oratorical/ rhetorical. Thus, creating option (d) the most suitable choice for answer.

Q13. Prime Minister Narendra Modi appears to be under the (11)_____________ that most of us will accept his party’s Congress bashing uncritically and without judging it from a historical point of view. As one who continues to revel in (12) ______________ skills, Mr. Modi must honestly introspect whether he can (13)______________paint black the contributions of the Indian National Congress under the first Prime Minister in nation building. The goal of the Bharatiya Janata Party is stated to be creating a ‘Congress-less India’, which is a (14) ______________ and autocratic policy. It implies that the party does not want to recognize the Opposition and institutions to audit its governance. Mr. Modi must realize that there is nothing (15) ______________to show in terms of people-oriented policies.

cautiously / guardedly
unscrupulously / immorally
carefully / harmlessly
friendly / pleasantly
awfully / grody
Solution:

Option (b) is the correct choice. The paragraph is expressing about the Modi’s orating skills that can influence the citizens of the nation and can paint black [=Represent someone or something as evil or harmful] the contributions of Indian National Congress. “unscrupulously” is an adverb which means having or showing no moral principles; not honest or fair, it is similar meaning with “immorally”. “grody” is an adjective which means very unpleasant or disgusting. Thus, the most suitable choice to fill the blank is option (b).

Q14. Prime Minister Narendra Modi appears to be under the (11)_____________ that most of us will accept his party’s Congress bashing uncritically and without judging it from a historical point of view. As one who continues to revel in (12) ______________ skills, Mr. Modi must honestly introspect whether he can (13)______________paint black the contributions of the Indian National Congress under the first Prime Minister in nation building. The goal of the Bharatiya Janata Party is stated to be creating a ‘Congress-less India’, which is a (14) ______________ and autocratic policy. It implies that the party does not want to recognize the Opposition and institutions to audit its governance. Mr. Modi must realize that there is nothing (15) ______________to show in terms of people-oriented policies.

communal / libertarian
constitutional / egalitarian
despotic / populist
socialist / individualist
dictatorial / totalitarian
Solution:

Option (e) is the correct choice. “dictatorial” is an adjective which means of or typical of a ruler with total power which is similar in meaning with “totalitarian”. “communal” means shared by all members of a community; for common use. “libertarian” means a person who believes in free will. Thus, the most suitable pair of words is dictatorial/ totalitarian. However, “despotic” means of or typical of a despot; tyrannical which can fill the blank but “populist” means a member or adherent of a political party seeking to represent the interests of ordinary people. Therefore, the pair despotic / populist cannot be used to make the paragraph coherent.

Q15. Prime Minister Narendra Modi appears to be under the (11)_____________ that most of us will accept his party’s Congress bashing uncritically and without judging it from a historical point of view. As one who continues to revel in (12) ______________ skills, Mr. Modi must honestly introspect whether he can (13)______________paint black the contributions of the Indian National Congress under the first Prime Minister in nation building. The goal of the Bharatiya Janata Party is stated to be creating a ‘Congress-less India’, which is a (14) ______________ and autocratic policy. It implies that the party does not want to recognize the Opposition and institutions to audit its governance. Mr. Modi must realize that there is nothing (15) ______________to show in terms of people-oriented policies.

definite / docile
explicit / abstract
concrete / factual
corporeal / indefinite
coagulate / pliable
Solution:

Option (c) is the correct choice. “concrete” is an adjective which means specific; definite. “docile” means ready to accept control or instruction; submissive. “corporeal” means relating to a person's body, especially as opposed to their spirit. “coagulate” means change to a solid or semi-solid state. “pliable” means easily bent; flexible. Thus, the only pair of words that justifies the blank to make the paragraph coherent is concrete / factual i.e., option (c).