Conditional Sentences : English Language Notes for Bank and Other Competitive Exams | Download PDF

Dear Aspirants, 
Study Notes are part of an effective strategy that helps you learn about a subject. Your mind collects data of random details in the form of keywords and memory maps visualized during preparation. Jotting down main phrases & keywords, making memory maps and highlighting important facts help one speed up the learning process.  Study notes not only help you learn effectively but also play a crucial role during last minute revisions.

Conditional Sentences
Definition:

These sentences comprise two parts – the main clause and the conditional clause or the ‘if clause’.
They are used to denote that the action in the main clause can only take place if a certain condition (conditional clause) is fulfilled.
Some examples (the part in BOLD indicates the conditional clause or the if clause) –
  1. I would give you a chocolate if you got good marks in your exams.
  2. When a dog barks nearby her, Sakshi gets scared.
  3. Unless Anmol helps Nitesh, he will not be able to complete his work in time.
The following words/phrases are used to denote an ‘if-clause’ –
If; unless; as soon as; provided; no sooner; until; when; in case; but for; so long as; etc.
Some basic rules –
1. If the ‘if clause’ is in present tense –
If + Simple present, Simple future
Example – If Harish gets a wicket on this ball, our team will win the match.
2. If the ‘if clause’ is in simple past tense –
If + Simple past, subject + would + V1
Example – If I had money, I would buy you those shoes.
3. If the ‘if clause’ is in past perfect tense –
If + past perfect, subject + would + have + V3
Example – If you had told me about this earlier, I would have helped you.
These sentences can also be expressed/written according to the following structure without any altering to their meanings –
Had + subject +V3 + Object, Subject + would + have + V3
Example – Had you told me about this earlier, I would have helped you.
Some important points to remember –
> If a probability is expressed in a sentence, ‘may/might’ are used instead of ‘will’. (Same for the sentences about permissions)
Examples –
If it rains, I may not go to office today.
If you have finished your home work, you may go out to play.
> If the sentence is related to suggestions, ‘should/must’ will be used instead of ‘will’.
Examples –
If you don’t know her, you must not go out with her.
If you want to score good marks, you should study daily.
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