Study Notes are part of an effective strategy that helps you learn about a subject. Your mind collects data of random details in the form of keywords and memory maps visualized during preparation. Jotting down main phrases & keywords, making memory maps and highlighting important facts help one speed up the learning process. Study notes not only help you learn effectively but also play a crucial role during last minute revisions.
These sentences comprise two parts – the main clause and the conditional clause or the ‘if clause’.
They are used to denote that the action in the main clause can only take place if a certain condition (conditional clause) is fulfilled.
Some examples (the part in BOLD indicates the conditional clause or the if clause) –
- I would give you a chocolate if you got good marks in your exams.
- When a dog barks nearby her, Sakshi gets scared.
- Unless Anmol helps Nitesh, he will not be able to complete his work in time.
The following words/phrases are used to denote an ‘if-clause’ –
If; unless; as soon as; provided; no sooner; until; when; in case; but for; so long as; etc.
Some basic rules –
1. If the ‘if clause’ is in present tense –
If + Simple present, Simple future
Example – If Harish gets a wicket on this ball, our team will win the match.
2. If the ‘if clause’ is in simple past tense –
If + Simple past, subject + would + V1
Example – If I had money, I would buy you those shoes.
3. If the ‘if clause’ is in past perfect tense –
If + past perfect, subject + would + have + V3
Example – If you had told me about this earlier, I would have helped you.
These sentences can also be expressed/written according to the following structure without any altering to their meanings –
Had + subject +V3 + Object, Subject + would + have + V3
Example – Had you told me about this earlier, I would have helped you.
Some important points to remember –
> If a probability is expressed in a sentence, ‘may/might’ are used instead of ‘will’. (Same for the sentences about permissions)
If it rains, I may not go to office today.
If you have finished your home work, you may go out to play.
> If the sentence is related to suggestions, ‘should/must’ will be used instead of ‘will’.
If you don’t know her, you must not go out with her.
If you want to score good marks, you should study daily.
You may also like to read:
- Study Notes for English Language for various Banking & other Competitive Exams.
- Study Notes for Quantitative Aptitude for various Banking & other Competitive Exams.
- Study Notes for Reasoning for various Banking & other Competitive Exams.