Vocabulary is an important part of English that helps you deal with all kinds of questions in objective as well as descriptive papers of various exams. You can learn new words daily from our Daily Word List. Learn the words and make your own sentences on the basis of the given word list. Here are a few lines from The Hindu.
Meaning: unable to think clearly; confused.
Synonyms: groggy, faint, dizzy, shaky, muddled, befuddled, addled, befogged, dopey, woozy
Antonyms: clear, definite, obvious, unequivocal, blatant, candid, clear, clearheaded, comprehensible, conscious, defined, definite, distinct, explicit, forthright, foursquare.
Usage: Feeling muzzy from the blow on his head, he got up very slowly.
2. NEBBISH (noun) : मंद बुद्धि
Meaning: a person, especially a man, who is regarded as pitifully ineffectual, timid, or submissive.
Synonyms: banal, jejune, mundane, trite, vapid, prosaic, tame, tenuous, inane.
Antonyms: fancy, precocious, sharp appetizing, exhilarating, hard-working, vigorous, alert vivacious.
Usage: The nebbish refuses to take responsibility for his actions, always too afraid to admit that he made a mistake
3. ADUST (adjective):उदासीन
Meaning: Gloomy; melancholic.
Synonyms: despondent, downcast, dejected, crestfallen, disappointed, disheartened, , desolate, glum, doleful, melancholy, woebegone, mournful, forlorn, subdued, wretched, lugubrious, sepulchral, saturnine.
Usage: The last two, he says, are particularly dangerous because they cause the humors to turn inward and become adust.
4. EXTENUATE (verb) : शांत करना
Meaning: (of a factor or situation) acting in mitigation to lessen the seriousness of guilt or an offence.
Synonyms: mitigating, exonerative, palliating, justifying, vindicating, exculpatory; moderating, softening, tempering, diminishing, lessening.
Antonyms: maximize, burden, discomfort, exacerbate, aggravate, extend, expand.
Usage: The court reduced the criminal’s sentence because of extenuating circumstances.
5. TRAMMEL (noun) : बाधा
Meaning: restrictions or impediments to freedom of action.
Synonyms: restraint, curb, obstacle, barrier, handicap, block, hindrance, encumbrance, snag, stumbling, shackles, fetters.
Antonyms: aid, assist, facilitate, help, liberate, release, untie, encourage, emancipate, rescue, untangle.
Usage: No longer trammeled by his responsibilities as chairman, he could say what he wished.
6. PILLORY (verb) : निंदा करना
Meaning: attack or ridicule publicly.
Synonyms: attack, criticize, censure, condemn, denigrate, lambaste, flay, savage, denounce; bash, crucify, slag off, roast, deride.
Antonyms: accolade, laud, esteem, eulogy, encomium, kudos, commendation, greeting, honor.
Usage: The museum has an actual pillory that was once used to punish criminals in the center of town.
7. HEBETUDE (noun) : बुद्धिहीनता
Meaning: the state of being dull or lethargic.
Synonyms: dullness, languidness, lassitude, torpidity, torpor, drowsiness, stupor.
Antonyms: perspicacity, gusto, verve, vivacity, liveliness, impetus.
Usage: When Jessica stays up all night, her mind goes into hebetude, and she can’t focus in class.
8. LOLLYGAG (verb) : समय बर्बाद करने वाला
Meaning: spend time aimlessly; idle
Synonyms: crawl, creep, dally, dawdle, delay, dillydally, drag, lag, linger, loiter, mope, tarry.
Antonyms: barrel, dash, fly, hasten, hurry, race, run, rush, scurry, speed, whirl, whisk.
Usage: We can’t lollygag around and expect to maintain the sharpness we need.
9. SLIPPAGE (noun) : सफलता में बाधा बनने वाला
Meaning: failure to meet a standard or deadline.
Synonyms: drop, fall, lag, slump, sliding, decline.
Antonyms: upsurge, escalation, mend, parity, success, accuracy.
Usage: The smallest slippage could delay completion of the project.
10. SEGREGATION (noun) : अलगाव
Meaning: the action or state of setting someone or something apart from others.
Synonyms: separation, setting apart, keeping apart, sorting out, restriction, isolation
Antonyms: gather, combine, associate, connect, unite, link
Usage: In certain countries, religious segregation is the norm.
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