(A) To elaborate briefly on these characteristics and dimensions that the authority is talking about – NRMs are general tests intended to be used to classify students by percentile for measuring either aptitude or proficiency for admission into or placement within a programme.
(B) Contrastingly, the CRM, such as a locally produced achievement test, measures absolute performance that is compared only with the learning objective, hence a perfect score is theoretically obtainable by all students who have a mastery of the pre-specified material, or conversely, all students may fail the test.
(C) In most of these books, the authors classify a measurement strategy as either norm- referenced (NRM) or criterion referenced (CRM).
(D) Another author points out how the type of interpretation that an NRM offers is the relative performance of the students compared with that of all the others resulting in, ideally, a bell curve distribution.
(E) Numerous books on constructing and using language tests have been written by various authors.
(F) CRMs, on the other hand, are more specific, achievement or diagnostic tests intended to be used for motivating students by measuring to what percent they have achieved mastery of the taught or learned material.
(G) One of the authors clearly delineates the differences of these two types by focusing on the categories of “test characteristics” and “logistical dimensions”.
1. Which of the following should be the FIRST sentence after rearrangement?
2. Which of the following should be the LAST sentence after rearrangement?
3. Which of the following should be the FIFTH sentence after rearrangement?
4. Which of the following should be the SECOND sentence after rearrangement?
5. Which of the following should be the THIRD sentence after rearrangement?
(A) the incremental loans to the basic metals and metal product industry, which account for another 14.5% of loans to industry and over 80% of the increase in loans to industry this fiscal is accounted for.