English Language for IBPS Clerk Mains: 11th January 2019

English Language Quiz For IBPS Clerk Mains 

IBPS Clerk Mains exam is round the corner.  Thus, the English Language can be an impetus for your success by helping you save crucial time and score good points in lesser time and effort. So, instead of boiling the ocean, try building up a strong vocabulary, an effective knowledge of grammar, and efficient comprehension skills so as to be on the ball to face this particular section. Here is a quiz on English Language being provided by Adda247 to let you practice the best of latest pattern English Questions for IBPS Clerk Mains Exam. Also, few questions in the Quiz may be based on short Reading Comprehensions based on IBPS PO Mains pattern so as to make you aware of the latest exam pattern. 


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Q1. In the following questions few sentences are provided. Identify and mark the sentence which may fail to become the part of the paragraph coherently. In questions where “none of these” is an option and all the sentences are meaningful and logical with the context of the paragraph, mark (e) i.e., “none of these” as your answer choice.
In the latest stranding, up to 90 pilot whales beached themselves late Thursday at Hanson Bay on the remote Chatham Islands, said the Department of Conservation.
Their bodies resemble the streamlined form of a fish, while the forelimbs or flippers are paddle-shaped.
When staff arrived at first light, they said they found up to 40 of the whales had refloated themselves but another 50 had died on the beach.
The department said one beached whale remained alive, which staff decided to euthanize due to its poor condition.
None of these
Solution:
Option (b) is the most suitable choice to be selected as the answer. As all the statements except (b) altogether are trying to convey the death of the pilot whales on stranding. Whereas the statement of option (b) is conveying the physical characteristics of the whales, thus it is the only option that is not contributing to the context of the paragraph. Hence, the option (b) is the correct answer.
Q2. In the following questions few sentences are provided. Identify and mark the sentence which may fail to become the part of the paragraph coherently. In questions where “none of these” is an option and all the sentences are meaningful and logical with the context of the paragraph, mark (e) i.e., “none of these” as your answer choice.
The two countries will try to find an amicable solution to the various problems plaguing bilateral trade relations, such as disputes over intellectual property rights and Chinese state support for domestic industries, through talks over the next three months
Meanwhile, the U.S. will refrain from raising the tariff on Chinese goods worth $200 billion from the current rate of 10% to 25% on January 1, 2019, as planned.
Chinese telecom equipment giant Huawei’s Chief Financial Officer Sabrina MengWanzhou has been detained by Canadian authorities at the request of the US government, a move that sparked a protest from the Chinese government.
In return, according to the White House, China will purchase agricultural and other goods from the U.S. in order to reduce the trade imbalance between the two countries.
None of these
Solution:
Option (c) is the most suitable choice to be selected as the answer. As all the statements except (c), altogether are trying to convey the idea that U.S. and China must stop the trade war, as soon as possible, in a way that benefits both. Whereas the statement of option (c) is conveying the news that Huawei CFO Sabrina MengWanzhou, daughter of founder, arrested in Canada at request of US government ‘for violating Iran sanctions’, thus (c) is the only option that is not contributing to the context of the paragraph. Hence, the option (c) is the correct answer.
Q3. In the following questions few sentences are provided. Identify and mark the sentence which may fail to become the part of the paragraph coherently. In questions where “none of these” is an option and all the sentences are meaningful and logical with the context of the paragraph, mark (e) i.e., “none of these” as your answer choice.
From a public health perspective, the report sounds a warning that rising temperatures will enable the dengue virus and malaria to spread farther and faster.
The staggering loss of an estimated 153 billion hours of labour during 2017 due to rising temperatures around the globe is a reminder to governments that they are not doing enough to dramatically curb greenhouse gas emissions.
The Lancet countdown on health and climate has reported that India was particularly affected by the rising frequency of heatwave events and lost about 75 billion hours of work, a significant part of it in the agricultural sector.
This has worrying implications for rural employment and the well-being of a large section of the population that depends on farming.
None of these
Solution:
Option (a) is the most suitable choice to be selected as the answer. As all the statements except (a), altogether are trying to convey that how the increased global warming because of theincreasing greenhouse gases emissions, is affecting the farming sector on which depends the well-being of a large section of the population. Whereas the statement of option (a) is presenting a report, warning that increase in the temperature will enable the dengue virus and malaria to spread farther and faster. Thus (a) is the only option that is not contributing to the context of the paragraph.
Hence, the option (a) is the correct answer.
Q4. In the following questions few sentences are provided. Identify and mark the sentence which may fail to become the part of the paragraph coherently. In questions where “none of these” is an option and all the sentences are meaningful and logical with the context of the paragraph, mark (e) i.e., “none of these” as your answer choice.
The problem is aggravated by the burning of urban waste, diesel soot, vehicular exhaust, road and construction dust, and power generation.
Tens of millions live with ambient air quality that is well short of even the relaxed parameters the country has set for fine particulates, compared with those of the World Health Organisation.
This year’s ‘severe’ air quality rating for Delhi and poor conditions prevailing in other cities in the Indo-Gangetic Plain should compel a decisive shift in policy
They must address the burning of carbon, which is a direct source, and emissions with oxides of nitrogen and sulphur from vehicles that turn into fine particulates through atmospheric reactions.
None of these
Solution:
Option (e) is the most suitable choice to be selected as the answer. As all the statements altogether are trying to convey the same message that urgent correctives are needed, or lethal winter pollution will become the new normal as the air pollution is choking several cities in the northern States once again, as changes in temperature and slowing winds trap soot, dust and fine particulate matter.
Hence, the option (e) is the correct answer.
Q5. In the following questions few sentences are provided. Identify and mark the sentence which may fail to become the part of the paragraph coherently. In questions where “none of these” is an option and all the sentences are meaningful and logical with the context of the paragraph, mark (e) i.e., “none of these” as your answer choice.
There are three issues on which the Centre seems to have irked the RBI.
It has refused to accept Governor Urjit Patel’s point that the RBI is hobbled by lack of adequate powers in regulating public sector banks.
The second is the tussle over the RBI’s burgeoning reserves, a piece of which the Centre is eyeing to bridge its fiscal gap.
Even as the inflation forecasts were lowered, the RBI underscored that the output gap has virtually closed.
None of these
Solution:
Option (d) is the most suitable choice to be selected as the answer. As all the statements except (d), altogether are trying to conveythe simmering tensions over the last few months between the Reserve Bank of India and the Centre,The Centre-RBI face-off is not healthy, they must resolve their differences. The statement in option (d) is talking about the inflation forecasts. Thus (d) is the only option that is not contributing to the context of the paragraph.
Hence, the option (d) is the correct answer.
Directions (6-10): In each of the following questions, a sentence is given which may or may not have an error in it. In the options given below each question, four ways of writing the same sentence are given. You have to choose the sentence which is grammatically and contextually correct. If the sentence is correct as it is, choose option (e) as your answer. 


Q6. Gandhi himself spent a good part of his busy life experimenting with the symbols — particularly styles of dresses — that would enhance his message.



Gandhi himself spent a good part of his busy life experiment with the symbols — particularly styles of dresses — that would enhance his message.
Gandhi himself spent a good part of his busy life experimented with the symbols — particularly styles of dresses — that would enhance his message.
Gandhi himself spent a good part of his busy life experimenting with the symbols — particularly styles of dresses — that would enhancing his message.
Gandhi himself spent a good part of his busy life experimenting with the symbols — particularly styles of dresses — that would enhances his message.
No Error
Solution:
No Error
In Option (a), 'experiment' is incorrectly used.
In Option (b), 'experimenting' will be used and not 'experimented'.
In Option (c) and (d), 'enhance' should be used.
Q7. While nuclear costs have been rise, other low-carbon sources of electricity, especially solar energy, have become cheaper.
While nuclear costs have been rising, other low-carbon sources of electricity, especially solar energy, have become cheaper.
While nuclear costs have been risen, other low-carbon sources of electricity, especially solar energy, have become cheaper.
While nuclear costs having rising, other low-carbon sources of electricity, especially solar energy, have become cheaper.
While nuclear costs have been rising, other low-carbon sources of electricity, especially solar energy, have became cheaper.
No Error
Solution:
The correct statement is "While nuclear costs have been rising, other low-carbon sources of electricity, especially solar energy, have become cheaper. "
Q8. The dialogue sounded stilted and unnaturally, perhaps because of the translation from the original Russian.
The dialogue sounding stilted and unnatural, perhaps because of the translation from the original Russian.
The dialogue has been sounded stilted and unnatural, perhaps because of the translation from the original Russian.
The dialogue sounded stilted and unnatural, perhaps because of the translation from the original Russian.
The dialogue sounded stilt and unnatural, perhaps because of the translation from the original Russian.
No Error
Solution:
The correct statement is "The dialogue sounded stilted and unnatural, perhaps because of the translation from the original Russian. "
Q9. Since its maiden Test at Lord’s in 1932, India gain strength as a powerhouse at home but remained diffident overseas.
Since its maiden Test at Lord’s in 1932, India gained strength as a powerhouse at home but remain diffident overseas.
Since its maiden Test at Lord’s in 1932, India gained strength as a powerhouse at home but remained diffident overseas.
Since its maiden Test at Lord’s in 1932, India has gained strength as a powerhouse at home but remained diffident overseas.
Since its maiden Test at Lord’s in 1932, India have gained strength as a powerhouse at home but remained diffident overseas.
No Error
Solution:
The correct statement is "Since its maiden Test at Lord’s in 1932, India gained strength as a powerhouse at home but remained diffident overseas."
Q10. Literary freedom is taken for granted in democracies, but forces that threaten or undermine it are always at work.
Literary freedom is taking for granted in democracies, but forces that threaten or undermine it are always at work.
Literary freedom is taken of granted in democracies, but forces that threaten or undermine it are always at work.
Literary freedom is taken for granted in democracies, but forcing that threaten or undermine it are always at work.
Literary freedom is take for granted in democracies, but forced that threaten or undermine it are always at work.
No Error
Solution:
No Error
Directions (11-15): Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow the passage. 

Rise in salinity in the water system that makes the Indian Sunderbans has resulted in a decrease in population of the Ganges River Dolphins in the region.

A recent study …………………… 100 km of rivers and channels around the Sunderbans has revealed that the national aquatic animal is no longer sighted in the central and eastern parts of the archipelago. Only in the western part of Sunderbans, where the salinity is lower, could researchers find some evidence of the species.
The details of the study have been published in Journal of Threatened Taxa, in an article titled Possible Range Decline of Ganges River Dolphin Platanista Gangetica in Indian Sundarban. The paper, authored by Sangita Mitra and Mahua Roy Chowdhury, states that “sighting records in the present study reveal that distribution of GRD (Ganges River Dolphin) is influenced by the salinity level of the waterways”.

Q11. Which of the following reflects the result of the study mentioned in the paragraph?



None of the below
The water system around the Sunderbans has a length of 100 km.
Indian Sunderbans is an archipelago.
Salinity level in the water system that makes the Indian Sunderbans has risen.
Distribution of GRD (Ganges River Dolphin) is influenced by the salinity level of the waterways.
Solution:
Option (b) is factually incorrect. The paragraph mentions that the study covered 100 km length of rivers and channels around the Sunderbans. The paragraph made no statement on the length or the size of the water system that makes the Indian Sunderbans.
Option (c) was an already known fact and wasn’t discovered through the study. So, option (c) is also wrong.
Option (d) was something which might be FOUND in the study but was NOT the result of the study. 
The answer to the question can be derived from the last clause of the last sentence of the last paragraph ‘distribution of GRD (Ganges River Dolphin) is influenced by the salinity level of the waterways’.
The study attempts to find out the relationship between the salinity level of the waterways and the distribution of GRD.
Among the given options, only information presented in the option (e) which illustrates the relationship between GRD (Ganges River Dolphin) and salinity level of waterways deserves to be the RESULT of the study mentioned in the study.
Hence, option (e) is the correct answer.
Q12. Which of the followings could be inferred from the noun-phrase ‘National Aquatic Animal’? Answer the question based on the information available in the whole passage.
Turtle is not the national aquatic animal of India.
If an animal is a nation animal, then it means that the population of that animal is large in number in that nation.
National aquatic animal is same as national animal.
Both Options (a) and (c)
None of the above
Solution:
The phrase ‘national aquatic animal’ is a small phrase. The passage suggests that the Ganges River Dolphins is the national aquatic animal.
Neither the passage nor the phrase provides any suggestions to the criteria for an animal to be national animal or whether national aquatic animal is same as national animal.
From above, it can be deduced that option (a) is the correct answer.
Q13. In which of the following areas could researchers find GRD (Ganges River Dolphin)?
Water system that makes the Indian Sunderbans
Central parts of the Indian Sunderbans
Western Parts of the Indian Sunderbans
Eastern Parts of the Indian Sunderbans
None of the above
Solution:
The answer to the question can be found from the last sentence of the second paragraph
‘Only in the western part of Sunderbans, where the salinity is lower, could researchers find some evidence of the species’.
The usage of the word ‘only’ with the phrase ‘western part of Sunderbans’ along with the latter part of the sentence reveals that among the given options, GRD could be found in the Western Parts of the Indian Sunderbans.
Hence, option (c) is the correct answer.
Q14. Which of the following word is the SYNONYM of the word ‘reveal’?
entitle
mention
wield
divulge
operate
Solution:
Entitle [verb] means ‘(often be entitled to) Give (someone) a legal right or a just claim to receive or do something;
Divulge [verb] means ‘make known (private or sensitive information)’;
From above, it could be understood that the word ‘divulge’ has the meaning which is SIMILAR to the meaning of the word ‘reveal’.
Hence, option (d) is the correct answer.
Q15. Which of the following word can fill in the blank given in the passage above?
surround
covering
imaging
sounding
Both (a) and (b)
Solution:
'Covering' is grammatically and contextually correct fit for the blank.

               

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