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Make In India

MAKE IN INDIA: Established on September 25th, 2014, by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Make in India is a government scheme created with the aim of boosting the country’s manufacturing sector while bringing in investment into the country. With the scheme, the government intends to boost the manufacturing sector of India and thereby inculcate economic growth. Additionally, under the scheme, it has been encouraging businesses from other countries of the world to invest into India and get their manufacturing done here, thereby improving India’s “Ease of Doing Business” index as well. The long-term vision of the Make in India scheme is to eventually develop the country into a global manufacturing hub, while also increasing employment opportunities here. 

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The Make in India scheme includes 25 focus sectors, namely:

  1. Aviation
  2. Automobile
  3. Automobile components
  4. Biotechnology
  5. Chemicals
  6. Construction
  7. Defence manufacturing
  8. Media and entertainment
  9. Mining
  10. Oil and gas
  11. Electrical machinery
  12. Electronic systems
  13. Food processing
  14. IT and BPM
  15. Leather
  16. Pharmaceuticals
  17. Ports and shipping
  18. Railways
  19. Renewable energy
  20. Roads and highways
  21. Space
  22. Textiles and garments
  23. Thermal power
  24. Tourism and hospitality
  25. Wellness and healthcare

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The Make in India scheme of the Government of India has the following aims:

  1. A rise in the growth of the manufacturing sector by 12 to 14% every year. 
  2. The creation of around 100 million additional jobs in the manufacturing sector by the year 2022. 
  3. An increase of up to 25% in the GDP share of the manufacturing sector by the year 2022. 
  4. The creation of required skill sets amongst the rural migrants and urban poor, which would foster overall inclusive growth. 
  5. Maintaining an environmentally-sustainable growth in the country. 
  6. A rise in the technological depth as well as the domestic value addition in the manufacturing sector. 
  7. Increasing the competitiveness of the Indian manufacturing sector on a global level. 


Some of the major initiatives taken by the Make in India scheme are:

  1. In the defence sector, the maximum limit in FDI has increased to 49%. 
  2. Railways, insurance, defence as well as medical devices sectors have been opened up for an increased FDI, or Foreign Direct Investment. 
  3. A 100% FDI under the automated route has been permitted under the construction and specified rail infrastructure projects. 
  4. The Investor Facilitation Cell has been created to assist investors from their arrival in India to the time of their departure in all phases of the investment. 
  5. Steps have been taken to improve India’s “Ease of Doing Business” rank, with the country climbing 23 points in the index to 77th place in the year 2019. 
  6. The government also launched the Shram Suvidha Portal and eBiz portal, along with others. 
  7. The government has also launched plans for the creation of five industrial corridors, with a strategic focus on inclusive development. These corridors are the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC), Amritsar-Kolkata Industrial Corridor (AKIC), Bengaluru-Mumbai Economic Corridor (BMEC), Chennai-Bengaluru Industrial Corridor (CBIC) and the Vizag-Chennai Industrial Corridor (VCIC). 


The Make in India programme also launched several other schemes, which include:

  1. Skill India
  2. Startup India
  3. Digital India
  4. Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)
  5. Smart Cities
  6. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
  7. Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)
  8. Sagarmala
  9. International Solar Alliance (ISA)
  10. Accelerating Growth of New India’s Innovation (AGNII)

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