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Martyr’s Day 2024 or Shaheed Diwas (23 March), History and Significance

Shaheed Diwas (23 March)

Shaheed Diwas, also known as Martyrs’ Day, is observed in India on March 23 every year. It commemorates the sacrifice of three prominent figures in India’s struggle for independence: Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev Thapar. These revolutionaries were hanged to death by the British colonial government on March 23, 1931, in Lahore Central Jail (now in Pakistan). Their execution was a significant event in India’s fight against British rule.

Martyr’s Day 2024 or Shaheed Diwas

Martyr’s Day is commemorated on a number of dates. Three heroic freedom fighters:- Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev Thapar were hung by the British on March 23, as is remembered. In remembrance of Mahatma Gandhi, January 30th is also honored as Martyr’s Day, or Shaheed Diwas.

Across India, various events, ceremonies, and tributes are organized on Shaheed Diwas to commemorate the bravery and patriotism of these and other freedom fighters who fought for the nation’s freedom. It’s a solemn occasion that reminds us of the courage and sacrifices of those who fought for the principles of justice, equality, and liberty.

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Shaheed Diwas: History

Bhagat Singh and his friends Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru became national heroes for their daring adventures. They shouted Inquilab Zindabad and tossed bombs at the Central Legislative Assembly on April 8, 1929. They were taken into custody and accused of killing someone. Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev Thapar were executed by hanging on March 23, 1931.

On January 30, 1948, during his evening prayers in the Birla House, Nathuram Godse killed Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation. Gandhiji was a selfless, passionate man who fought for India’s independence, well-being, and progress. He also devoted his life in protection of these principles.

In an attempt to defend his actions, Nathuram Godse held Gandhiji responsible, saying that he was the cause of the nation’s division and the thousands of people who died fighting for independence. He referred to Gandhiji as a fraud and expressed no regret for what he had done. Godse received a death sentence on November 8. Thus, on this day, January 30, Bapu passed away and became a martyr. The day was declared as Shaheed Diwas, or Martyr’s Day, by the Indian government.

Shaheed Diwas: Significance

Shaheed Diwas is held to honor the freedom fighters’ sacrifices and serve as a reminder of the martyrs who gave their lives defending our country and enabling us to enjoy the independence we have today. Shaheed Diwas serves as a daily reminder to be proud of our freedom and to never forget the freedom warriors who, by their unselfish actions, set the country free. It holds immense significance in the history of India. Here are some key points highlighting its importance:

Honoring Sacrifices: Shaheed Diwas is held as a way to remember the Indian freedom fighters who gave their lives in the fight for their country’s independence from British colonial authority. It acts as a reminder of their bravery, loyalty to their country, and commitment to the cause of India’s independence.

Rajguru, Sukhdev Thapar, and Bhagat Singh: The martyrdom of these three well-known freedom fighters—Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, and Shivaram Rajguru- is why Shaheed Diwas is so important. On March 23, 1931, these revolutionaries were put to death by the British for their roles in the Lahore Conspiracy Case and their attempts to overthrow the British government.

Inspiration for Next Generations: Shaheed Diwas encourages the next generation to preserve the principles of bravery, selflessness, and patriotism. It urges people to make constructive contributions to the growth and progress of the country while serving as a reminder of the hardships endured by those who battled for India’s independence.

Symbol of unity: People from all backgrounds, religions, and places come together to celebrate Shaheed Diwas, which promotes a sense of solidarity and togetherness among the country’s citizens. It acts as a reminder of our shared objective of bringing about justice and freedom for everybody.

Historical Legacy: The sacrifices made by the many unidentified outstanding individuals who battled for India’s independence are emotionally remembered on this day, which is deeply embedded in the nation’s history. It honors their efforts to the country’s quest for sovereignty and self-government.

Overall, Martyrs’ Day or Shaheed Diwas is a solemn occasion that commemorates the sacrifices of those who fought for India’s freedom and serves as a reminder of the principles and values for which they stood. It continues to inspire citizens to work towards a better and more inclusive future for the nation.

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FAQs

When do we celebrate Martyr's Day 2024 or Shaheed Diwas?

Martyr's Day or Shaheed Diwas is celebrated each year on 23 March 2024.

What is the reason behind the celebration of Shaheed Diwas?

The reason behind the celebration of Shaheed Diwas is that on this day Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev Thapar were hanged to death by the British colonial government on March 23, 1931, in Lahore Central Jail (now in Pakistan).

What is the significance of Shaheed Diwas?

The significance of Shaheed Diwas is that it serves as a daily reminder to be proud of our freedom and to never forget the freedom warriors who, by their unselfish actions, set the country free.