List of National Parks in India: 104 National Parks and 566 Wildlife Sanctuaries

National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries are discussed here in this article. Area of national parks has been established under section 35 (4) of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. Centre and state government protect the area of national parks, their main aim to protect the ecosystem which consists of flora, fauna, landscape, etc. There are 104 National Parks and 566 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India. Madhya Pradesh has the largest number of national parks in India i.e. 11.

National Parks in India: Overview

National Parks are restricted areas for human activities to protect the wildlife and biodiversity of that area. Only some areas can be visited with the restrictions. The national park is a reserve of natural, semi-natural, and developed land owned by the state government or central government. It is the importance of the national parks to preserve biodiversity while supporting the ecosystem and the flora and fauna with them.

National Parks in India: Important Facts

First National Park: Hailey National Park is now known as Jim Corbett National Park (Uttarakhand)

Largest National Park: Hemis National Park (Ladakh) – 4400 sq. km

Smallest National Park: South Button Island National Park (Andaman & Nicobar Islands) – 0.03 sq. km

First Marine National Park: Marine National Park (Gujarat)

Floating National Park in the World: Keibul Lamjao National Park (Manipur) 

National Parks in India: State Wise

State/Union Territory Total National Parks Area (sq. km)
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 9 Campbell Bay National Park 426.23
Galathea Bay National Park 110
Mahatma Gandhi Marine (Wandoor) National Park 281.5
Middle Button Island National Park 0.44
Mount Harriett National Park 46.62
North Button Island National Park 0.44
Rani Jhansi Marine National Park 256.14
Saddle Peak National Park 32.54
South Button Island National Park 0.03
Andhra Pradesh 3 Papikonda National Park 1012.86
Rajiv Gandhi National Park 2.40
Sri Venkateswara National Park 353.62
Arunachal Pradesh 2 Mouling National Park 483
Namdapha National Park 1985
Assam 5 Dibru-Saikhowa National Park 340
Kaziranga National Park 858.98
Manas National Park 500
Nameri National Park 200
Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park 78.81
Bihar 1 Valmiki National Park 335.65
Chattisgarh 3 Guru Ghasi Das (Sanjay) National Park 1440.71
Indravati (Kutru) National Park 1258.37
Kangar Valley National Park 200
Goa 1 Mollem National Park 107
Gujarat 4 Gir National Park 1412
Marine National Park 162.9
Vansda National Park 23.99
Velvadar Blackbuck National Park 34.08
Haryana 2 Kalesar National Park 46.8
Sultanpur National Park 1.42
Himachal Pradesh 5 Great Himalayan National Park 754.5
Inderlkila National Park 104
Khirganga National Park 710
Pin Valley National Park 675
Simbalbara National Park 27.88
Jammu & Kashmir 3 City Forest (Salim Ali) National Park 9
Dachigam National Park 141
Kishtwar National Park 425
Jharkhand 1 Betla National Park 226.33
Karnataka 5 Anshi National Park 417.37
Bandipur National Park 874.2
Bannerghatta National Park 260.51
Kudremukh National Park 600.32
Rajiv Gandhi (Nagarhole) National Park 643.39
Kerala 6 Anamudi Shola National Park 7.5
Eravikulam National Park 97
Mathikettan Shola National Park 12.82
Pambadum Shola National Park 1.31
Periyar National Park 350
Silent Valley National Park 89.52
Ladakh  1 Hemis National Park 440
Madhya Pradesh 11 Bandhavgarh National Park 437
Dinosaur Fossil National Park 108
Fossil National Park 0.27
Kanha National Park 940
Madhav National Park 354
Palpur Kuno National Park 748
Panna National Park 543
Pench National Park 293
Sanjay National Park 467
Satpura National Park 524
Van Vihar National Park 4.45
Maharashtra 5 Chandoli National Park 317.67
Gugamal National Park 361.28
Nawegaon National Park 133.88
Sanjay Gandhi (Borivali) National Park 86.96
Tadoba National Park 116.55
Manipur 1 Keibul-Lamjao National Park 40
Meghalaya 2 Balphakram National Park 220
Nokrek Ridge National Park 47.48
Mizoram 2 Murlen National Park 200
Phawngpui National Park 50
Nagaland 1 Intanki National Park 202.02
Odisha 2 Bhitarkanika National Park 145
Simlipal National Park 845.7
Rajasthan 5 Desert National Park 3162
Keoladeo National Park 28.73
Mukundra Hills (Darrah) National Park 200.54
Ranthambhore National Park 282
Sariska National Park 273.8
Sikkim 1 Kangchendzonga National Park 849.5
Tamil Nadu 5 Guindy National Park 2.82
Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park 6.23
Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) National Park 117.1
Madumalai National Park 103.23
Mukurthi National Park 78.46
Uttar Pradesh 1 Dudhwa National Park 1270
Uttarakhand 5 Govind Pashu Vihar National Park 79.45
Jim Corbett National Park 1318.5
Nanda Devi National Park 630.33
Rajaji National Park 820
Valley of Flowers National Park 87.5
West Bengal 6 Buxa National Park 117.1
Gorumara National Park 79.45
Jaldapara National Park 215.51
Neora Valley National Park 159.89
Singalila National Park 78.6
Sunderban National Park 1330.1

FAQs: List of National Parks in India

Q1. How many national parks are there in India?
Ans. There are 104 national parks in India.

Q2. Which is the first national park in India?
Ans. Hailey national park is the first national park in India.

Q3. Which is the largest national park in India?
Ans. Hemis is the largest national park in India.

Q3. Which is the smallest national park in India?
Ans. South Button Island is the smallest national park in India.

Q3. Which is the floating national park in India?
Ans. Keibul Lamjao is the floating national park in India.

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