The reasoning is a game of wits and presence of mind! Yes, it is true and it might seem as the greatest of the challenge after English Section’s surprises but yet this one can easily be dealt with. You just need correct practice and hardwire your brain to quickly make decisions of what to attempt and what to leave. And for same we are providing you questions of Reasoning Question and Answers. Solve these to Practice latest pattern reasoning question for bank exams.

Directions (1-5): Study the following information carefully and answer the following questions.

There are eight persons – M, N, O, P, Q, R, T and S – who are sitting around a square table such that four of them sit on the middle side of table and facing away from the center and other four of them sit at the corner of table and they are facing towards the center of the table. They all are doing research in different field viz. Heart surgery, Obesity, Cancer, Autism, Depression, Plastic Surgery, Sleep and Drug Abuse but not necessarily in the same order. They like different colour’s viz. Red, Green, Black, White, Yellow, Violet, Blue and Orange but not necessarily in the same order.

The one who likes violet, researchers on Depression and he does not faces inside. N sits third to the right of T who like Green. Q sits second to the right of P . Q researches on Sleep. S researches on Drug abuse and he does not like white or red or orange. The one who researches on Plastic surgery sits opposite to the one who is doing his research on Heart surgery. R is doing his research on Cancer and sits third to the left P who likes Blue.P faces inside. P is an immediate neighbour of N. S sits second to the right of R. M likes Black and he does not research on Heart or Plastic surgery. P does not research on Plastic Surgery. O does not sit in the middle. The one who research on Autism sits opposite to the one who likes yellow. O does not likes orange or Red. The one who likes orange faces outside. O does not research on obesity.

Q1. Who among the following likes yellow?
(a) M
(b) S
(c) N
(d) R
(e) P

Q2. Who among the following research on Obesity?
(a) R
(b) S
(c) M
(d) T
(e) None of these

Q3. Who among the following sits opposite the one who research on Depression?
(a) Both c and d
(b) S
(c) R
(d) The one who research on Cancer
(e) The one who research on obesity

Q4. P is doing research in which field?
(a) Obesity
(b) Plastic surgery
(c) Heart Surgery
(d) Cancer
(e) None of these

Q5. Who among the following sits second to the right of the one who is doing research on Depression?
(a) S
(b) R
(c) Q
(d) O
(e) M

Solutions (1-5):
S1.Ans.(b)
Sol.

S2.Ans.(d)
Sol.

S3.Ans.(a)
Sol.

S4.Ans.(c)
Sol.

S5.Ans.(e)
Sol.

Directions (6-10): Each of the questions below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Read both the statements and give the answer
(a) if the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
(b) if the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
(c) if the data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
(d) if the data in both the statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question.
(e) if the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Q6. Among P, Q, R, S and T each having a different height who among following is taller than only the shortest?
I. Q is taller than T and P. S is shorter than only R.
II. Q is shorter than only two persons. S is taller than Q and T. P is neither the shortest nor the tallest.

Q7. How is ‘how’ written in a code language?
I. ‘you do this’ is written as ‘pa da na’ in some code language and ‘do this again’ is written as ‘na ka da’ in code language.
II. ‘how do this’ is written as ‘da na sx’ in that code language.

Q8. Y is which direction with respect to X?
I. F is to the West of Q, which is to the West of M. M is north of X. Y is south of M.
II. M is to the east of Q. X is south of M. F is south of Q. Y is west of F.

Q9. V, W, X, Y and Z are sitting in a row. If Y is sitting middle of the row, who is sitting extreme left? (All are facing north.)
I. Z is sitting immediate right of Y, but on the left of W. X does not sit any of the extreme end of line.
II. X always sits at either of the extreme ends. Neither Y nor W is an immediate neighbour of X.

Q10. How is Z related to A?
I. X is father of Y. Z is only sister of Y. A is mother of Y.
II.  X is mother of Y. Y is father of Z. A is grandfather of Z.

Solutions (6-10):
S6. Ans.(e)
Sol. If the data in both the statements I and II are together necessary to answer the question.
From both Statement I and II-
R > S > Q > P > T

S7. Ans.(e)
Sol. If the data in both the statements I and II are together necessary to answer the question.
From both Statement I and II-
how=sx

S8. Ans.(d)
Sol. If the data in both the statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question.

S9. Ans.(a)
Sol. From 1- V is in on the extreme left.

From 2- We cannot decide.

S10. Ans. (a)

Sol. If the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.

Direction (11-12): In each questions below is given a statement following by three courses of action numbered I, II and III. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow up or further action in regard  to the problem, policy etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the suggested coursed of action logically follow(s) pursuing

Q11. Statements: Many students of the local school fell ill for the fourth time in a row in the last six months after consuming food prepared by the school canteen.
Course of action
I. The School management should immediately terminate the contract of the canteen and ask for compensation.
II. The school management should advice all the students not to eat food articles from the canteen.
III. The owner of the canteen should immediately be arrested for negligence.
(a) None follows
(b) Only II follows
(c) Only III follows
(d) I and II follow
(e) II and II follow

Q12. Statements: Many school buses have fitted CNG kit without observing the safety guidelines properly. This results into some instances of these buses catching fire due to short circuit and endangering the lives of the school children.
Course of action
I. The regional transport authority should immediately carry out checks of all the school buses fitted with CNG kit.
II. The management of all the schools should stop hiring buses fitted with CNG kit.
III. The government should issue a notification banning school buses for use of CNG kit.
(a) Only I follows
(b) Only II follows
(c) Only III follows
(d) I and III follows
(e) None of these

Directions (13-15): Below in each question are given two statements (A) and (B). These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes or of a common cause. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statement. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choices correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements.
(a) if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.
(b) if statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.
(c) if both the statement (A) and (B) are independent causes.
(d) if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.
(e) if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of some common cause.

Q13. (A) The association of management colleges conducted a combined admission exam for all the states this year.
(B) As the dates for entrance exam for many management colleges clashed last year, many candidates complained that they could not appear for a number of entrance exams.

Q14. (a) The conditions of all the major roads in the city have deteriorated causing hardship to motorists.
(b) The municipal authority has sanctioned significant amount to repair all the major roads in the city.

Q15. (a) The price of aircraft fuel has risen during the past few months.
(b) Many passenger airlines in India have been forced to cut their air fares by about 10 percent.

Solutions (11-15):
S11. Ans.(d)
Sol. As the incident is repeated again and again, so the contract of the canteen should be terminated and compensation should be asked. Students should be advised not to eat food articles from the canteen. So, courses of action I and II follow. Course of action III is too harsh, so it does not follow.

S12. Ans.(a)
Sol. As safety guidelines are not observed by many school buses, so regional transport authority should carry out checks of all the buses fitted with CNG Kit. So, course of action I follows. CNG is a pollution free fuel and its sources are more than petrol and diesel So, it should be encouraged but with safety norms. So, course of action II and III do not follow.

S13. Ans.(b)
Sol. The association of management colleges conducted a combined admission exam for all the institutes this year because last year date entrance exam of many management colleges clashed and many student could appear for a number of entrance exam. So, statement (B) is the cause and (A) is its effect.

S14. Ans.(a)
Sol. Statement (A) is the cause while (B) is it effect.

S15. Ans.(d)
Sol. Both statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.