Reasoning is a game of wits and presence of mind! Yes, it is true and it might seem as the greatest of the challenge after English Section’s surprises but yet this one can easily be dealt with. You just need correct practice and hardwire your brain to quickly make decisions of what to attempt and what to leave. Practice with these twisted one reasoning questions for SBI PO Mains 2017.

Directions (1-5): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
P, Q, R, S, T, U, V and W are 8 members of a family each having different age. Also each person likes different colours i.e. Blue, Red, Brown, Black, Grey, Purple, Pink and White. They are sitting around a rectangular table facing the centre and they all are seated with equal distance, but not necessarily in the same order. Each side of the table two person sits together, no person sits on the corner of the table. Ages are an integer value. There are four couples in the family.
Each husband is at least two years elder than his wife. V does not sit opposite to W. R’s son-in-law does not like Purple and Red colour. S, who is 34 years old, is son-in-law of T and seated second to the right of V, who is the wife of P. S’s brother-in-law likes Pink colour. Person likes Black colour sits second to the right of the person, who is 80 year. R is the father of Q, who is not the youngest member in the family. W’s grandfather does not like White colour. No three females are sitting together. The daughter-in-law of P is 56 years old. W is 6 years elder than his wife. The person who is 36 years old is seated second to the left of U’s father-in-law. The age of P is 2.5 times the age of Q. Only one couple can sit together. The one, whose age is 78 years likes neither Grey nor White colour. No one is less than 22 years old. Each parent is at least 20 years elder than his/ her child. V is the grandmother of W. The daughter-in-law of T is not near to him. The one who likes Blue colour is immediate neighbour of the persons, who likes Red colour and the one, who is husband of U. Person likes Purple colour sits opposite to the person, who is immediate right of Q’s husband. P is seated between W’s grandmother and wife of W.

Q1. Who amongst the following is grandmother of P?
(a) S
(b) The Person who likes grey colour
(c) Q
(d) U
(e) There is no grandmother of P

Q2. What is the age of that person who likes Blue colour?
(a) 30yr
(b) 32yr
(c) 34yr
(d) None of these
(e) 56yr

Q3. Who among the following person sits fourth to the right of W?
(a) The person whose age is 80yr.
(b) V’s husband
(c) P
(d) The Person who likes grey colour.
(e) All are true.

Q4. Who sits opposite to R’s mother?
(a) P
(b) Person whose age is 56 yr.
(c) W
(d) The Person who likes red colour.
(e) None of these.

Q5. How many years gap between P’s daughter-in-law and T’s daughter-in-law?
(a) 28yr
(b) 22yr
(c) None of these
(d) 24yr
(e) 26yr

Q6. According to the Ministry of Labour’s Annual Report, new jobs created in the last seven years (which includes years under both the UPA and the NDA), the highest was about a million in 2010, after which there has been a steady decline, with no turnaround, and the latest figure being merely 1.35 lakhs between April to December, 2016.
Which of the following can be inferred from the above statement?
(a) Labour ministry is flogging a dead horse.
(b) Government is not sincere for creating more job opportunities for the youths.
(c) The rate of decline in job creation has remained constant for past 6 years.
(d) Policies of the government have not proved to be effective in creating more jobs.
(e) None of these

Q7. A top Indian athlete was handed a lifetime suspension by the National Anti-Doping Agency (NADA) on Wednesday after testing positive for banned performance enhancing substance meldonium.
Which of the following facts justifies the action taken by NADA?
(a) The althlete held his horses till the report was released
(b) Indian athletes are known to get into hot water with doping agencies.
(c) Over 20 syringes of the banned substance was found in the athlete's hostel room.
(d) Suspended athelete is suffering from a medical condition which requires him to take that banned substance.

Q8. India’s gold imports witnessed a huge jump in April, increasing threefold to \$3.85 billion from \$1.23 billion in April 2016.
Which of the following can be the repercussions of the above mentioned fact?
(i) Investing in gold will become like keeping a white elephant.
(ii) Trade deficit of India will increase.
(iii) Prices of the blue chip shares will increase
(a) Only (i)
(b) Both (i) and (ii)
(c) Both (ii) and (iii)
(d) Only (iii)
(e) None of these

Q9. Opponents of GM crops say that GM crops may prove uneconomical to the farmers due to its costly seeds.
Which of the following, if true undermines the argument above?
(a) They reduce the need for pesticides and herbicides.
(b) Genetically modified food have a higher shelf life.
(c) GM crops can sustain weather fluctuations and extremes.
(d) GM foods can be engineered to have a high content of a specific nutrient that is lacking in the diet of a local population group.
(e) Both (a) and (c)

Q10. The researchers from the Ohio State University says that- “Filtered cigarettes falsely ease smokers' fear of lung cancer,. The use of filter ventilation in cigarettes should be prohibited”.Which of the following statements, if true, supports the course of action suggested by the researchers of Ohio State University.
(a) Cigarette companies promotes filters on their cigarettes as a means to attract more customers.
(b) Use of filters enables the smokers to inhale mole deeply and the smaller particles in filtered cigarettes get past the bronchial tubes into the smaller tubes, called bronchioles this irritates the tissue in the periphery of the lungs.
(c) People would get the erroneous message that cigarettes without filters are safe or safer, and that would not be a good message for them.
(d) Without the use of filters, costs per cigarettes will reduce.
(e) None of these

Directions (11-15): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions.

A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.
Input: technology 58 causing 29 problems 31 62 80 society erosion 17 relations
Step I: erosion technology 58 causing 29 problems 31 62 society 17 relations 80
Step II: erosion relations technology 58 causing 29 problems 62 society 17 80 31
Step III: erosion relations causing technology 58 29 problems society 17 80 31 62
Step IV: erosion relations causing society technology 58 problems 17 80 31 62 29
Step V: erosion relations causing society technology problems 17 80 31 62 29 58
Step VI: erosion relations causing society technology problems 80 31 62 29 58 17
As per the rules followed in the steps given above, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the given input.
Input: fast 29 pain 19 32 strong 78 makes 64 emotion victory 23

Q11. What will be the position of ‘victory’ with respect to ‘fast’ in the step III of the input?
(a) Immediate left
(b) Fourth to the right
(c) None of these
(d) Second to the right
(e) Fourth to the left

Q12. What will be the position of ‘strong’ in the last but one step?
(a) Seventh from the left
(b) Seventh from the right
(c) Sixth from the left
(d) Fifth from the left
(e) Both (b) and (c)

Q13. Which of the following will be the penultimate step?
(a) Step VI
(b) Step V
(c) Step IV
(d) Step III
(e) None of these

Q14. After how many steps no further rearrangement of words is possible?
(a) Five
(b) Four
(c) Six
(d) Seven
(e) Eight

Q15. What will be the position of ‘fast’ in step IV?
(a) Sixth from right
(b) Seventh from right
(c) Seventh from left
(d) Fifth from left
(e) None of these

Solution

Solution (1-5):

S1. Ans.(e)
Sol.
S2. Ans.(b)
Sol.
S3. Ans.(e)
Sol.
S4. Ans.(d)
Sol.
S5. Ans.(e)
Sol.

S6. Ans.(d)
Sol. Option (a) is not true as it is the duty of the labour ministry to keep track of and analsye the past data to determine the future course of action. Option (b) is not true nothing can be said about the sincerity of the government from the given facts. (c) is not true as no mention of the rate of job creation is mentioned in the statement. Option (d) is true, that why there has been a steady decline in job creation.

S7. Ans.(c)
Sol. Option (c) denotes evidence that justifies the harsh action taken by NADA.

S8. Ans.(e)
Sol. It is obvious that increase in import of a commodity will lead to greater trade deficit. So, option (ii) is true. Increase in import of gold indicates its demand in the domestic market so, Option (i) is not true. Option (iii) on the other hand is not related to the statement.

S9. Ans.(e)
Sol. Higher shelf life of the food does not directly translate into cost savings to the farmers. Similarly, nutrient content of the yield does not affect the selling price of that crop. So, both options (a) and (c) are wrong.

S10. Ans.(b)
Sol. Only (b) suggests a valid reason to support the claims of the researchers. All other options are either irrelevant or not related to the statement.

Solution (11-15):
The machine rearranges the words and numbers in such a way that the words are arranged in descending order based on the number of vowels in the given word. If two words contain the same number of vowels, then they are arranged in alphabetical order from left to right in each step.
Numbers are arranged in decreasing order from left to right alternatively, even number first,followed by prime number alternatively.
Input: fast 29 pain 19 32 strong 78 makes 64 emotion victory 23
Step I: emotion fast 29 pain 19 32 strong makes 64 victory 23 78
Step II: emotion makes fast pain 19 32 strong 64 victory 23 78 29
Step III: emotion makes pain fast 19 32 strong  victory 23 78 29 64
Step IV: emotion makes pain victory fast 19 32 strong 78 29 64 23
Step V: emotion makes pain victory fast strong 19 78 29 64 23 32
Step VI: emotion makes pain victory fast strong 78 29 64 23 32 19

S11. Ans.(b)
Sol.
S12. Ans.(e)
Sol.
S13. Ans.(b)
Sol.
S14. Ans.(a)
Sol.
S15. Ans.(d)

Sol.

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