Reasoning Quiz for IBPS PO Prelims: 21st August 2018

Dear Aspirants,

Reasoning Questions for IBPS PO 2018

Reasoning Ability is an onerous section. With the increasing complexity of questions, it becomes hard for one to give it the cold shoulder. The only way to make the grade in this particular section in the forthcoming banking exams like IBPS PO is to practice continuously with all your heart and soul. And, to let you practice with the best of the latest pattern questions, here is the Adda247 Reasoning Quiz based on the exact same pattern of questions that are being asked in the exams.

Direction (1-5): Study the following information and answer the given questions.
In a certain code language,

‘these girls now default’ is written as ‘ma co he mx,
‘default is a better work’ is written as ‘mx mh la sa ox’,
‘rohit now default’ is written as ‘mx he kl’
girls is work of rohit’ is written as ‘kl mh co ze ox’.

Q1. What does the code ‘la’ stand for in the given code language?

Default
is
a
better
Either (c) or (d)
Solution:

Q2. What is the code for ‘work’?

kl
ox
mh
ze
Either(b) or (c)
Solution:

Q3. In the given code language, which of the following means ‘a better work’?

la sa mh
sa la ox
ox sa mh
Either (a) or (b)
mx mh la
Solution:

Q4. What does the code ‘co’ stand for?

girls
now
these
Default
Either (a) or (c)
Solution:

Q5. What is the code for ‘these’ in the given code language?

ma
he
co
mx
mh
Solution:

Directions(6-10): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

Seven persons, P, Q, R, S, T, U and V are going to attend a party but not necessarily in the same order, in seven different months (of the same year) namely January, February, March, June, August, October and December but not necessarily in the same order. Each of them also likes a different fruit namely Banana, Grapes, Papaya, Orange, Mango, Litchi and Apple but not necessarily in the same order. R is going to attend party in a month which has less than 31 days. Only two persons are going to attend party between the month in which R and S attend party. The one who likes Banana is going to attend party immediately before T. Only one person attends party before the one who likes Papaya. Q attends party immediately after the one who likes Papaya. Only three persons attend party between Q and the one who likes Mango. T likes neither Mango nor Papaya. P attends party immediately before T. V likes Apple. The one who likes Grapes attends party in the month, which has less than 31 days. The one who attends party in March does not like Orange.

Q6. Which of the following represents the month in which T attends party?

January
March
October
December
June
Solution:

(i). By considering the following conditions, R is going to attend party in a month which has less than 31 days. The one who likes Grapes attends party in the month, which has less than 31 days. Only one person attends party before the one who likes Papaya. Q attends party immediately after the one who likes Papaya. Only three persons attend party between Q and the one who likes Mango.
(ii). The one who likes Banana is going to attend party immediately before T. P attends party immediately before T. T likes neither Mango nor Papaya. So, P likes banana and from this case 3 eliminates as there is no place for P and T.
(iii). From the rest conditions, V likes Apple so, from this case 1 also eliminates as there is no place for V. The one who attends party in March does not like Orange. Orange is liked by the person who attend party in October and Litchi is liked by the person who attend party in march. Hence, we get the final solution.

Q7. Which of the following represents the people who attend party in March and June respectively?

R, Q
U, S
Q, R
U, R
V, R
Solution:

(i). By considering the following conditions, R is going to attend party in a month which has less than 31 days. The one who likes Grapes attends party in the month, which has less than 31 days. Only one person attends party before the one who likes Papaya. Q attends party immediately after the one who likes Papaya. Only three persons attend party between Q and the one who likes Mango.
(ii). The one who likes Banana is going to attend party immediately before T. P attends party immediately before T. T likes neither Mango nor Papaya. So, P likes banana and from this case 3 eliminates as there is no place for P and T.
(iii). From the rest conditions, V likes Apple so, from this case 1 also eliminates as there is no place for V. The one who attends party in March does not like Orange. Orange is liked by the person who attend party in October and Litchi is liked by the person who attend party in march. Hence, we get the final solution.

Q8. How many persons attend party between the months in which V and P attend party?

None
Three
Two
One
More than three
Solution:

(i). By considering the following conditions, R is going to attend party in a month which has less than 31 days. The one who likes Grapes attends party in the month, which has less than 31 days. Only one person attends party before the one who likes Papaya. Q attends party immediately after the one who likes Papaya. Only three persons attend party between Q and the one who likes Mango.
(ii). The one who likes Banana is going to attend party immediately before T. P attends party immediately before T. T likes neither Mango nor Papaya. So, P likes banana and from this case 3 eliminates as there is no place for P and T.
(iii). From the rest conditions, V likes Apple so, from this case 1 also eliminates as there is no place for V. The one who attends party in March does not like Orange. Orange is liked by the person who attend party in October and Litchi is liked by the person who attend party in march. Hence, we get the final solution.

Q9. As per the given arrangement, V is related to Litchi and U is related to Grapes following a certain pattern, which of the following is Q related to following the same pattern?

Mango
Litchi
Apple
Papaya
Banana
Solution:

(i). By considering the following conditions, R is going to attend party in a month which has less than 31 days. The one who likes Grapes attends party in the month, which has less than 31 days. Only one person attends party before the one who likes Papaya. Q attends party immediately after the one who likes Papaya. Only three persons attend party between Q and the one who likes Mango.
(ii). The one who likes Banana is going to attend party immediately before T. P attends party immediately before T. T likes neither Mango nor Papaya. So, P likes banana and from this case 3 eliminates as there is no place for P and T.
(iii). From the rest conditions, V likes Apple so, from this case 1 also eliminates as there is no place for V. The one who attends party in March does not like Orange. Orange is liked by the person who attend party in October and Litchi is liked by the person who attend party in march. Hence, we get the final solution.

Q10. In which of the following month does U attends party?

January
March
October
December
None of these
Solution:

(i). By considering the following conditions, R is going to attend party in a month which has less than 31 days. The one who likes Grapes attends party in the month, which has less than 31 days. Only one person attends party before the one who likes Papaya. Q attends party immediately after the one who likes Papaya. Only three persons attend party between Q and the one who likes Mango.
(ii). The one who likes Banana is going to attend party immediately before T. P attends party immediately before T. T likes neither Mango nor Papaya. So, P likes banana and from this case 3 eliminates as there is no place for P and T.

(iii). From the rest conditions, V likes Apple so, from this case 1 also eliminates as there is no place for V. The one who attends party in March does not like Orange. Orange is liked by the person who attend party in October and Litchi is liked by the person who attend party in march. Hence, we get the final solution.

Q11. How many such pairs of letters are there in the word EXAMINATION, each of which has as many letters between them in the word, as they have in the English alphabet?

None
One
Two
Three
More than three
Solution:

Q12. In a certain code EQUATION is written as BVRFOPJU. How is HUMANITY written in that code?

BNRFJPQ
BNVIZUJO
BNVJPRFO
BNJURFPO
None of these
Solution:

Q13. The position of how many digits in the number 54327618 will remain unchanged if the digits within the number are written in ascending order from left to right?

None
One
Two
Three
None of these
Solution:

Q14. If it is possible to make only one meaningful word with the first, third, fifth and eight letters of the word SHAREHOLD, which of the following will be the second letter of the word ? If no such word can be made, give 'X' as the answer and if more than one such word can be made, give 'Y' as the answer.

L
E
S
X
Y
Solution:

SALE, SEAL, LASE

Q15. Harsh walks 20m north from his house. Then, he turns to his west and covers 8m. Again, he turns south and covers 6m. Finally, turning to east, he covers 8m. How far is he from his house and in which direction he is facing now?

12 m, East
14 m, East
18 m, North
12 m, South
20m, West
Solution: