SBI Clerk English Quiz: 7th August 2019

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SBI Clerk English Quiz

The English language perplexes most of the students and makes one nervous during the examination even if the answer to the question is known. But there are no formulas to cramp or the longer the calculation to deal with. The mistakes that occur are because of the lack of confidence. With proper strategy, Study NotesQuizzesVocabulary one can calm his/her nerves and excel in no time. Make the reading newspaper, editorial a habit, and also participate in the daily quiz. The SBI Clerk 2019 is just one step away from your reach, for your aid here is the quiz under the Study Plan 'DREAM', on the SBI Clerk English Quiz and we have ClozeTest and Parajumble based questions for 7th August 2019.




Directions (1-10): In the following passage there are highlighted words, each of which has been numbered and one word has been suggested alongside the highlighted words. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five options are given. In four options, one word is suggested in each option. Find out the appropriate option which replaces the highlighted word appropriately. If the given highlighted word appropriately fits the passage, choose option ‘e’ (No correction required) as the correct choice. 




Laws seeking to regulate online activity, especially on social media, will have to be tested against two fundamental rights: free speech and privacy. Regulations that (1) apartheid these rights tend to operate in both positive and negative ways. For instance, (2) anonymous norms relating to data protection are essential to protect citizens from any (3) belittle of their informational privacy; but attempts to regulate online content are seen with suspicion. The latter category evokes doubt whether they violate their freedom of expression (as enforcement of such rules may involve blocking websites, disabling accounts, removing content and intercepting communication), and amount to (4) sojourn that breaches privacy. Two official documents, one of them a draft proposal, that seek to introduce changes in the way rules for (5) dissent and monitoring of computer-based information are applied have caused a (6) diffident. The first was an order authorising 10 agencies under the Centre to implement Section 69(1) of the Information Technology Act, as amended in 2008, which allows interception, monitoring and (7) behemoth of information transmitted through or stored in a computer resource. The other is a draft, proposing changes to the rules framed in 2011 for (8) “perpetrators” such as Internet and network service providers and cyber-cafes. While the order listing 10 agencies does not introduce any new rule for surveillance, the latter envisages new obligations on service providers. A critical change envisaged is that intermediaries should help identify the ‘originator’ of (9) strangling content. Many were alarmed by the possibility for surveillance and (10) monitoring of personal computers that this rule throws up. The government has sought feedback from social media and technology companies, but it appears that even services that bank on end-to-end encryption may be asked to open up a backdoor to identify ‘originators’ of offending material.

Q1.



Protract
Prolonged
Antagonist
Abridge
No correction required
Solution:
The above passage is conveying that Proposed rules for online monitoring should balance legitimate interest with privacy.  The laws that are meant to regulate the online activities should be framed so as not to violate the freedom of speech and right to privacy.
Protract- prolonged
Antagonist- a person who actively opposes or is hostile to someone or something; an adversary
Apartheid- segregation on grounds other than race
Abridge- curtail (a right or privilege)
As in the given line they have talked about not cutting short the fundamental rights of the citizen just by imposing these social media regulating rules.
Hence the option (d) is the best answer choice. 
Q2. 
wanting
statutory
laconic
haughty
no correction required
Solution:
The above passage is conveying that Proposed rules for online monitoring should balance legitimate interest with privacy.  The laws that are meant to regulate the online activities should be framed so as not to violate the freedom of speech and right to privacy.
Depose- to put down or lay down
Wanting-absent or lacking
Laconic-using a few words
Anonymous- lacking a name/without any name acknowledged of a person responsible
Haughty- arrogantly superior and disdainful
Hence option (b) is the right choice which fits the blank appropriately.
Q3.
bribe
revive
breach
Subsume
No correction required
Solution:
The above passage is conveying that Proposed rules for online monitoring should balance legitimate interest with privacy.  The laws that are meant to regulate the online activities should be framed so as not to violate the freedom of speech and right to privacy.
The given phrase “data protection” gives us a clue to fill the blank, “data breaching” should be a proper phrase to give the intended meaning of the line.
Subsuming-to include
Belittle- dismiss (someone or something) as unimportant
‘breach’ fits the blank appropriately, hence option (c) is the correct answer choice. 
Q4. 
serpentine
surreptitious
amenable
surveillance
No correction required
Solution:
The above passage is conveying that Proposed rules for online monitoring should balance legitimate interest with privacy.  The laws that are meant to regulate the online activities should be framed so as not to violate the freedom of speech and right to privacy.
Serpentine- complex, cunning, or treacherous
Amenable-willing to comply
Surreptitious- kept secret, especially because it would not be approved of
Repressive-oppressive or burdensome
Sojourn- a temporary stay.
Hence option (d) is the correct answer choice. 
Q5.
interception
concurrence
sanction
agreement
No correction required.
Solution:
The above passage is conveying that Proposed rules for online monitoring should balance legitimate interest with privacy.  The laws that are meant to regulate the online activities should be framed so as not to violate the freedom of speech and right to privacy.
Interception- the process of receiving electronic transmissions before they reach the intended recipient.
Concurrence- the fact of two or more events or circumstances happening or existing at the same time.
Dissent- to differ in opinion,
Hence option (a) is the correct answer choice. 
Q6.
furore
subdue
commotion
Both (a) and (c)
No correction required.
Solution:
The above passage is conveying that Proposed rules for online monitoring should balance legitimate interest with privacy.  The laws that are meant to regulate the online activities should be framed so as not to violate the freedom of speech and right to privacy.
The sentence here is trying to convey that out of the two official documents, the application of one of the draft proposal have caused a commotion in the public.
Diffident-lacking confidence in others
Furore- an outbreak of public anger or excitement
Commotion- a state of confused and noisy disturbance.
Subdue- to bring under control
Hence option (d) is the correct answer choice. 
Q7.
decryption
turpitude
twerp
shrimp
No correction required.
Solution:
The above passage is conveying that Proposed rules for online monitoring should balance legitimate interest with privacy.  The laws that are meant to regulate the online activities should be framed so as not to violate the freedom of speech and right to privacy.
Behemoth- a great and mighty monster.
Turpitude- depraved or wicked behaviour or character.
twerp- a silly or annoying person.
shrimp- a small free-swimming crustacean with an elongated body, typically marine and frequently of commercial importance as food.
Decryption- the conversion of encrypted data into its original form is called Decryption
The sentence is trying to convey that under the Section 69(1) of the Information Technology Act empower the agencies to intercept, monitor and decrypt the information transmitted through or stored in a computer. Hence option (a) is the correct answer choice. 
Q8.
mediators
inhume
intermediaries
Both (a) and (c)
No correction required.
Solution:
The above passage is conveying that Proposed rules for online monitoring should balance legitimate interest with privacy.  The laws that are meant to regulate the online activities should be framed so as not to violate the freedom of speech and right to privacy.
Perpetrators- a person who carries out a harmful, illegal, or immoral act
Inhume-to bury in a grave
Intermediaries- a person who acts as a link between people in order to try and bring about an agreement; a mediator.
It is nowhere mention in the passage that the intermediaries are Perpetrators as Internet and network service providers and cyber-cafes can’t be supposed to do any kind of crime. Hence option (d) is the correct answer choice.
Q9.
deemed
conceived
kindled
offending
No correction required.
Solution:
The above passage is conveying that Proposed rules for online monitoring should balance legitimate interest with privacy.  The laws that are meant to regulate the online activities should be framed so as not to violate the freedom of speech and right to privacy.
Conceived- create (an embryo) by fertilizing an egg.
Strangling-to kill someone by squeezing the throat so as to cut off the oxygen supply.
Deemed, conceive-to have as an opinion
Kindled-to start a fire/light
Hence option (d) is the correct answer choice.
Q10. 
dismantling
monitoring
deliberating
Both (a) and (b)
No correction required.
Solution:
The above passage is conveying that Proposed rules for online monitoring should balance legitimate interest with privacy.  The laws that are meant to regulate the online activities should be framed so as not to violate the freedom of speech and right to privacy.
Deliberating- engage in long and careful consideration.
Dismantling- take (a machine or structure) to pieces.
As the line is trying to convey that many of the citizens were alarmed by the possibility for surveillance and monitoring of personal computers.
Monitoring- observe and check the progress or quality of (something) over a period of time; keep under systematic review. Hence option (e) is the correct answer choice.
Directions (11-15): Answer the following questions after rearranging the following sentences into a coherent paragraph and identify the sentence that doesn’t fit into the context of the paragraph.

(A) India can’t ignore the environmental consequences of its rapid growth. Over the last few decades, water-intensive and polluting industries such as textiles, leather, sugar and paper have shifted from developed to developing countries. 
(B) They withdraw huge quantities of water and discharge effluents without adequate treatment. Before 1980, countries like the U.K. and the U.S. played a vital role in textile production and export.
(C) Supporters of EKC believe that countries need to reach a particular average income level before they can afford to allocate the resources needed to protect the environment.
(D) India is on the upward part of the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC). For achieving sustainable development, it must move to the next stage. However, it is not wise to wait for that stage. 
(E) One of the factors attributed to this shift is that there are relatively less stringent environmental policies in developing nations. Countries like India are now manufacturing products which contribute to pollution for domestic and international markets.
(F) But by 2000, their dominance had substantially reduced and the share of developing countries like India and China had increased. 


Q11. Considering statement (D) “India is on the upward part of the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC). For achieving sustainable development, it must move to the second stage. However, it is not wise to wait for that stage” as the first sentence of the rearranged paragraph, then which among the following fails to become the part of coherent paragraph?



C
F
E
B
A
Solution:
Taking a hint from the first statement of the rearranged paragraph, the theme of the paragraph can be deduced which is about the imperativeness of the movement towards sustainable development by several countries. It has also described about the menace caused by pollution in achieving the stage of sustainable development by different countries. All the given statements perfectly belong to the theme of the paragraph except for statement (C). Statement (C) is mentioning about EKC which is a phenomenon that assumes that after the country reaches a certain level of economic development, the quality of its environments begins to improve. It fails to coherently connect with the paragraph. Hence, option (a) becomes the most suitable answer choice.
Q12. Considering statement (D) “India is on the upward part of the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC). For achieving sustainable development, it must move to the second stage. However, it is not wise to wait for that stage” as the first sentence of the rearranged paragraph, then which one among the following can consecutively follow the last statement after the rearrangement (excluding the incoherent one)?
India’s developmental activities are affecting the environment to a considerable extent, through over-exploitation of natural resources and indiscriminate discharge of waste.
However, experiences from the U.S. and Europe reveal that pollution mitigation can yield large gains to human health and the economy.
Pollution is not a disease, it is only a symptom. Hence, its root cause should be investigated.
Hence, pollution leads to the real and potential loss of the overall development opportunity in an economy.
None of these
Solution:
Taking a clue from the first sentence we can deduce that the theme of the paragraph is about the imperativeness of the movement towards sustainable development by several countries. It has also described about the menace caused by pollution in achieving the stage of sustainable development by different countries. The first sentence indicates about the sentence that should follow it. Sentence (D) is describing about the urgency for achieving sustainable development. Therefore, the next sentence should include the reason for such crises. Only sentence (A) connects logically with the first sentence. Statement (B) follows statement (A) as the pronoun “they” in sentence (B) is used for textiles, leather, sugar and paper industries mentioned in statement (A). Moreover, statements (F) and (B) also make a pair as the determiner “their” mentioned in statement (F) is used for the developed countries like U.S and U.K. Thus, the last statement becomes statement (E) of the rearranged paragraph which describes about the cause of the shift in manufacturing harmful products for the environment from developed countries to the developing countries. Hence, the correct sequence of the sentences to form a coherent paragraph is DABFE excluding the incoherent statement (C). Therefore, only option (a) can consecutively follow the last statement of the paragraph as it is further describing the shift of exploitation of natural resources for developmental activities from developed countries to the developing countries like India.
Q13. Among the following pairs which one of them is formed with two consecutive statements after the rearrangement?
A – E
C – E
B – F
A – F
B – C
Solution:
Taking a clue from the first sentence we can deduce that the theme of the paragraph is about the imperativeness of the movement towards sustainable development by several countries. It has also described about the menace caused by pollution in achieving the stage of sustainable development by different countries. Statements (B) and (F) make a pair as the determiner “their” mentioned in statement (F) is used to refer the developed countries like U.S and U.K mentioned in statement (B). Moreover, the conjunction “but” is used to introduce a contrasting statement. Since, statement (B) is describing about the vital role played by developed countries, the usage of “but” in the next statement to introduce a contradiction [their dominance had substantially reduced] is a logical connection. Hence, option (c) is the most viable answer choice.

Q14. Which one among the following sentences can interlink the first and the second sentence of the rearranged paragraph?
For instance, in developing countries, water pollution has not been a major topic of political debate, but political instruments including Environmental Quality Objectives and Uniform Standards are in the political agendas of Western countries.
In developing countries like India, pollution is increasing beyond the carrying capacity of the environment.
The government has largely failed to make people aware of how the pollution affects them, what the main pollutants are, what precautions they should take, the types of masks they should wear, and suchlike.
Wastewater in large cities is let out untreated and flows to large water bodies, where it remains, contaminating surface water.
None of these
Solution:
The correct sequence of the sentences after the rearrangement is DABFE. Sentence (A) that follows sentence (D) is describing about the developmental activities that are causing harmful effects on environment through several industries. Therefore, option (b) is the most suitable choice that can interlink both the statements as it is describing about the deteriorating condition of the environment due to increase in developmental activities leading to pollution. Hence, it becomes the most viable answer choice. 
Q15. Considering statement (D) “India is on the upward part of the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC). For achieving sustainable development, it must move to the second stage. However, it is not wise to wait for that stage” as the first sentence of the rearranged paragraph, identify the correct sequence of the sentences to form a coherent paragraph (excluding the incoherent one).
DCBFE
DAEFB
DFEAB
DABFE
DCBEA
Solution:
Taking a clue from the first sentence we can deduce that the theme of the paragraph is about the imperativeness of the movement towards sustainable development by several countries. It has also described about the menace caused by pollution in achieving the stage of sustainable development by different countries. The first sentence indicates about the sentence that should follow it. Sentence (D) is describing about the urgency for achieving sustainable development. Therefore, the next sentence should include the reason for such crises. Only sentence (A) connects logically with the first sentence. Statement (B) follows statement (A) as the pronoun “they” in sentence (B) is used for textiles, leather, sugar and paper industries mentioned in statement (A). Moreover, statements (F) and (B) also make a pair as the determiner “their” mentioned in statement (F) is used for the developed countries like U.S and U.K. Thus, the last statement becomes statement (E) of the rearranged paragraph which describes about the cause for the shift in manufacturing harmful products for the environment from developed countries to the developing countries. Hence, the correct sequence of the sentences to form a coherent paragraph is DABFE excluding the incoherent statement (C). Therefore, option (d) becomes the most suitable answer choice.

               
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