SBI Clerk Mains English Language Quiz: 2nd August 2019

SBI Clerk Mains English Language Quiz- 2nd August  2019


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SBI Clerk Mains English Language Quiz

Being an indispensable subject that can leave students perplex with the difficulty level introduced every year English has become a hitch for getting selection in the government sector. You all need to gear up your devising strategy to successfully clear the SBI Clerk Main exam 2019. The exam is going to be held on 10th August for which you need a perfect study plan and a well-known SBI Clerk main exam 2019 strategy to follow. To fetch you good marks we are providing a set of questions that are familiar with the updated pattern. Include the study notes in your bag to keep yourself updated with the latest questions that can be asked in the exam. Following is the quiz of 1st August, that inculcate the important topics from…..





Directions (1-5): Select the phrase/connector (STARTERS) from the given three options which can be used to form a single sentence from the two sentences given below, implying the same meaning as expressed in the two statements. 


Q1.(1) India had in the past always hesitated to impose its will and intentions on SAARC. 
(2) India did not wish to be seen as the Big Brother of the region that seeks to dominate smaller nations. 


(I)As India did not wish to…
(II)Considering that India did not…
(III)Despite imposing its will and…

Only (II)
Both (I) and (II)
Both (II) and (III)
Only (I)
All (I), (II) and (III)
Solution:

Both the starters (I) and (II) can be used to frame a meaningful sentence respectively without altering the exact meaning of the given sentences. However, it is not possible to construct a contextual sentence using the third starter as it would alter the intended meaning. Hence option (b) is the correct choice.
(I)As India did not wish to be seen as the Big Brother of the region that seeks to dominate smaller nations, it had in the past always hesitated to impose its will and intentions on SAARC.
(II)Considering that India did not wish to be seen as the Big Brother of the region that seeks to dominate smaller nations, it had in the past always hesitated to impose its will and intentions on SAARC.

Q2. (1) Oil prices back up to over US$70 per barrel.
(2) The economic winds are favorable for making the necessary tough reforms for Malaysia, who is a net energy exporter.


(I)Seeing that oil prices back up…
(II)With oil prices back up to…
(III)Being a net energy exporter, oil prices…

Only (I)
Both (II) and (III)
Both (I) and (II)
Only (III)
All (I), (II) and (III)
Solution:

Both the starters (I) and (II) can be used to frame a meaningful sentence respectively without altering the exact meaning of the given sentences. However, it is not possible to construct a contextual sentence using the third starter as it would alter the intended meaning. Hence option (c) is the correct choice.
(I)Seeing that oil prices back up to over US$70 per barrel, the economic winds are favorable for making the necessary tough reforms for Malaysia, who is a net energy exporter.
(II)With oil prices back up to over US$70 per barrel, the economic winds are favorable for making the necessary tough reforms for Malaysia, who is a net energy exporter.

Q3. ((1) The CISF has handled the security duties at some important airports for quite a few years. 
(2) The CISF has acquired much experience, and hopefully a degree of expertise too, in the specialised task.


(I)Despite handling the security…
(II)Having handled the security duties…
(III)In a bid to acquire much experience…

Only (I)
Only (II)
Both (I) and (III)
Both (II) and (III)
All (I), (II) and (III)
Solution:

Among the three starters, only (II) can give a meaningful sentence without altering the intended meaning of the given two statements. The other two options will give inappropriate meanings to the sentence. Hence option (b) is the correct choice.
(II)Having handled the security duties at some important airports for quite a few years, the CISF has acquired much experience, and hopefully a degree of expertise too, in the specialised task.

Q4. (1) We have more schools, more classrooms, more playgrounds, better infrastructure, better facilities and services, more teachers, more training, more students in the schools in keeping with the parameters laid down in the Right to Education Act, 2009. 
(2) We don’t have quality and class in our education system.


(I)Since we have more schools…
(II)Even though we have more schools…
(III)Despite having more schools….

Only (I)
Both (I) and (II)
Only (III)
Both (II) and (III)
All (I), (II) and (III)
Solution:

Both the starters (II) and (III) can be used to frame a meaningful sentence respectively without altering the exact meaning of the given sentences. However, it is not possible to construct a contextual sentence using the first starter as it would alter the intended meaning. Hence option (d) is the correct choice.
(II)Even though we have more schools, more classrooms, more playgrounds, better infrastructure, better facilities and services, more teachers, more training, more students in the schools in keeping with the parameters laid down in the Right to Education Act, 2009, we don’t have quality and class in our education system.
(III)Despite having more schools, more classrooms, more playgrounds, better infrastructure, better facilities and services, more teachers, more training, more students in the schools in keeping with the parameters laid down in the Right to Education Act, 2009, we don’t have quality and class in our education system.

Q5. (1) The subjective interpretive reasoning cannot be formulated in mathematical ways. 
(2) It seems to me that logic should be unique and hence quantifiable.


(I)While the subjective interpretive…
(II)The formulation of mathematical and…
(III)That logic of mathematical ways…

Only (I)
Only (II)
Both (I) and (III)
Both (I) and (II)
All (I), (II) and (III)
Solution:

Among the three starters, only (I) can give a meaningful sentence without altering the intended meaning of the given two statements. The other two options will give inappropriate meanings to the sentence. Hence option (a) is the correct choice.
(I)While the subjective interpretive reasoning cannot be formulated in mathematical ways, it seems to me that logic should be unique and hence quantifiable.

Directions (6-10): In the question given below, a sentence is divided into five parts, out of which certain parts are highlighted which may or may not be grammatically correct. Choose the grammatically correct part out of the highlighted parts of the sentence as your answer. If all the highlighted parts are grammatically correct but the parts which are not highlighted contain some grammatical errors, choose the option stating, “None of these” as your choice. If all the given parts of the sentence are grammatically correct and provide the contextual meaning to the sentence, choose option (e) i.e. “No error” as your answer. 


Q6. The National Center for Education Information (A)/ says a predicted teacher (B)/ shortage won't plan on (C)/ because teachers who left (D)/ the profession are returning back. (E)

B
C
E
None of these
No error
Solution:

. Only the second part of the sentence or part (B) is grammatically correct and follows the structure in the context of the sentence. However, there are grammatical errors in both the parts (C) and (E). In part (C), the usage of the phrase “plan on” is incorrect as it means to prepare for something; to be ready for something; to anticipate something. Thus, the correct phrase that should replace the highlighted phrase should be [ shortage won't plan out] as the phrase “plan out” means to think about and decide what you are going to do or how you are going to do something. In part (E), the usage of “back” is superfluous as the word “return” itself means to “come back” or “give back”. Hence, it should be removed to make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. Hence option (a) is the correct choice.

Q7. Carroll gave an overview of (A)/ each of the players the team have (B)/ signed during free agency (C)/ and how they may fit in (D)/ with the team in 2018. (E)

C
D
E
None of these
No error
Solution:

There is an error in the part (B) of the sentence. Pronouns that are singular (I, he, she, everyone, everybody, anyone, anybody, no one, nobody, someone, somebody, each, either, neither, etc.) require singular verbs. This rule is frequently overlooked when using the pronouns each, either, and neither, followed by of. Those three pronouns always take singular verbs. Moreover, the noun or pronoun flowed by “each of” should always be in its plural form. Thus, the phrase “each of the players the team have” should be replaced with “each of the players the team has” to make the sentence grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. The highlighted parts of the sentence do not require any correction as they are grammatically correct. Hence option (d) is the correct choice.

Q8. The ongoing synchronized cyclical upswing (A)/ is good news, but (B)/ underneath these impressive growth (C)/ is risk that is perhaps (D)/ not being adequately recognized.

A
C
D
None of these
No error
Solution:

Only the part (A) of the highlighted parts is grammatically correct. There are grammatical errors in part (C) and (D) of the sentence. In the part (C), the determiner “these” should be replaced with “this” as a determiner ‘this’ is used to identify a specific person or thing close at hand or being experienced, while ‘these’ is a plural form of ‘this’. Therefore, for the subject [impressive growth] the singular form of the determiner i.e., ‘this’ is required. In the part (D), the insertion of the article ‘a’ is required before ‘risk’ to give the contextual sense to the sentence. Hence, option (a) is the correct choice.

Q9. Sona ordered (A)/ her servant to bring (B)/ her some hot water (C)/ as she has to (D)/ take some medicine. (E)

A
C
D
None of these
No error
Solution:

There is an error in the part (D) of the sentence. To make the sentence grammatically correct and contextually meaningful replace ‘has’ with ‘had’ as when the reporting speech is in the past tense then reported speech should also be in the past tense. The highlighted parts of the sentence do not require any correction as they are grammatically correct. Hence option (d) is the correct choice.

Q10. There are at least four broad reasons (A)/ why policymakers across (B)/ the world should be worried(C)/ about rising global debt (D)/ and its consequences. (E)

A
D
E
None of these
No error
Solution:

The given sentence is grammatically correct. All the highlighted parts along with the ones not highlighted are both grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. Hence option (e) is the correct choice.

Directions (11-15): In the following passage, certain parts of the paragraph are omitted. Choose the most appropriate expression among the five options given against each number which makes the sentence of the paragraph grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. 


A Parliamentary panel has recommended the earmarking of a defined portion of proceeds from the divestment of State-owned enterprises for __________ (11) ___________ proposals of sick public-sector undertakings (PSUs) that have the potential to turn around.
“In this manner, the government can extend a hand-holding support to the select ________(12)___________in [the] future,” the panel said in a report.
The government had set a target of raising 80,000 crores in 2018-19 by selling stakes in the State-owned firms, with strategic divestment of 24 CPSEs (central public-sector undertakings) on the cards and privatisation of Air India on track.
Besides, NITI Aayog is preparing another list of sick PSUs that can be privatised, its chief executive officer Amitabh Kant said last month. The Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) had asked the think-tank to look into the _____________(13)______________.
The Aayog had already recommended strategic divestment of 40 sick public-sector undertakings.
In its report, the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Industry said it was of the firm opinion that while making a decision to disinvest PSUs, especially those that are profit-making, ____________(14)______________ to the jobs supported by them, the track record of their contribution to the national economy, their capex (capital expenditure) creation potential and also their role in balancing the social/regional fabric.
The committee observed that timely approval of revival plans of CPSEs with accurate cost estimates, availability of funds with the government and the _______________ (15)_______________ are crucial factors.


Q11.

renovation, decoration and trimming
finalization, closer and annihilation,
restructuring, renovation and decoration
optimization, management and conventionalisation
funding revival, restructuring and modernisation
Solution:

Part of the proceeds from the funds received from the disinvestment of PSUs should be used for funding revival, restructuring and modernization.
The PSUs which are already sick and need government support, ‘decoration’ or ‘renovation’ of their premises from these critical funds does not make any sense hence option (a) and option (c) cannot be the answer.
It is clear from this article that it focuses on restructuring and revival of PSUs so ‘annihilation or closer’ doesn’t fit in the context hence option (b) cannot be our answer.
Conventionalisation: the act of conventionalizing (conventional methods of PSUs might be wrong may be that’s why they are in such a precarious state so going back to conventional methods is not a solution therefore option (d) cannot be our answer.

Q12.

sick PSUs that have the potential to sell their assets, recover losses and then close their operations
sick PSUs that can never turn around
sick PSUs that have the potential to turn around and sustain themselves
sick PSUs that have the potential to cease to exist
sick PSUs that cannot face competition from their private sector counterparts
Solution:

The main theme of the passage is about government support needed for PSUs which have the potential to turn around and which contribute to the economy hence (c) is the answer choice.

Q13.

viability of sick State-run companies
lay off criteria in these PSUs
selection process in these sick State-run companies
market capitalisation of these PSUs
joblessness as it is India's most underestimated yet lethal problem
Solution:

NITI Aayog should look into the viability, capability and sustainability of sick PSUs, to see if they can achieve growth in future hence option (a) is the answer choice.

Q14.

the government must not accord due consideration
the government must keep in mind the requirement of Basel III norms which will be in place in 2019
the government should focus on the needs of those who provide jobs
the government must accord due consideration
the government should listen carefully the proposals of Bank Boards Bureao.
Solution:

The government must accord due consideration to the capability and sustainability of PSUs, their contribution to the economy, jobs provided by them etc. to see if they can achieve growth in future hence option (d) is the answer choice.
Option (b) and option (d) cannot be our answer as this passage is not only about Public-Sector Banks instead all of PSUs.

Q15.

delayed disposal of such funds
timely registration of these PSUs in Share market
timely completion of projects by these PSUs
merger of these CPSEs
timely disposal of such funds
Solution:

timely disposal of funds is very necessary for the turnaround of sick PSUs as delay in disposal of such funds can alter their revival plan negatively.
Registration in share market does not guarantee success hence option (b) cannot be our answer.
Merger of CPSEs does not guarantee success hence option (d) cannot be our answer.
Timely completion of projects by PSUs does not guarantee besides there are many different PSUs operating in different sectors performing different types of work and not all of them have to necessarily work on a project hence option (c) cannot be our answer. Therefore, option (e) becomes the most suitable answer choice.

               



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