English Miscellaneous Quiz for IBPS PO Prelims Exam: 14th September 2018

Dear Aspirants, 

English Quiz for IBPS PO Prelims Exam: 8th September 2018

English Quiz for IBPS PO Prelims Exam

IBPS PO Prelims is in its way and lot of aspirants are heading towards new hopes with this upcoming opportunity. Thus, English Language can be an impetus for their success by saving time and scoring well. So, instead of boiling the ocean, try building up a strong vocabulary, an effective knowledge of grammar, and efficient comprehension skills so as to be on the ball to face this particular section. Here is a quiz on English Language being provided by Adda247 to let you practice the best of latest pattern English Questions for upcoming IBPS PO exam.




Directions (1-5): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below them. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions. 

Since its introduction in 2008, the use of solar energy in India has increased gradually. This new source of energy promised to provide electricity without degrading the environment or depleting natural resources. Despite the rapid economic growth in the country, the majority of India’s population remains extremely poor. About 75 million of the world’s 300 million people who live without electricity are Indians, while many in the remaining population only receive electric power for a few hours a day. Generating around 1.6 tons of carbon each year, India currently stands as the third largest producer of carbon in the world. With the increase in population growth, carbon emissions have been predicted to rise rapidly too. 

India has recently witnessed a steep decline in its solar market. According to a respected research study conducted this year, there was a downswing of 52 per cent in solar installations around the country in 2017. The imposition of a 25 per cent safeguard duty on solar panel cells imported from China and Malaysia is one of the major reasons behind this recent decline. This imposition has severally dampened bidders for new solar projects, owing to the rise in prices of solar modules. While this duty has been imposed for two years to protect domestic manufacturers, India only has six makers of solar modules with a total capacity of 3000 MW. This is grossly insufficient to meet the national demand. 

Secondly, the new goods and services tax (GST) imposed on the solar module manufacturing industry has resulted in manufacturers paying a higher amount of GST while procuring raw materials. This model has imposed different GST rates on various components of a solar project. While solar modules attract 5 per cent GST, invertors and batteries attract imposition of 18 and 28 per cent GST respectively. Such a condition has caused confusion regarding application of different GST rates, hindering the ongoing projects and obstructing the target achievement. 

The rise in photovoltaic module prices internationally has also directly impacted solar projects in India. Developers in the country had been modelling their auction bidding strategies on the assumption of declining Chinese module prices. This assumption had not foreseen the rise in Chinese pricing and thus prompted fewer bidders to take up new projects. Additionally, the demand for the imposition of anti-dumping duties by local manufacturers in India ultimately resulted in subdued bidding of solar projects. Moreover, existing projects have been reported to be under-performing due to breakage of modules and other external factors. The ‘rooftop’ solar programme initiated in the country has not been successful given the high cost of installing solar plants on the roofs of commercial and residential buildings. 

Accordingly, India’s target of generating 100 GW of solar power seems like a distant reality. While the rise of duties implies a rise in solar tariffs, benefitting the domestic economy, it will also make solar power less attractive to consumers. Tariffs may boost the domestic economy, as a part of the ‘Make in India’ endeavor. But the Modi government also needs to focus on its promises of curbing carbon production. 

Q1. As per the passage, which of the following is the reason behind a steep decline in India's solar market?
Higher amount of GST rates on procuring raw materials for solar module manufacturing industry.
Both (a) and (e)
High implementation costs of solar installations.
Increase in population growth and as a result insufficient supply of Solar Energy.
Imposition of 25% safeguard duty on solar panels imported from China.
Solution:
Both option (a) and option (e) are correct. Option (a) Refer paragraph 3 first two lines. Option (e) Refer paragraph 2 following lines "According to a respected research study conducted this year, there was a downswing of 52 per cent in solar installations around the country in 2017. The imposition of a 25 per cent safeguard duty on solar panel cells imported from China and Malaysia is one of the major reasons behind this recent decline."

Q2. Which of the following statement(s) is/are true in context with the passage above? 
(I) Solar Energy provides electricity without depleting the natural resources or degrading the environment. 
(II) After the implementation of GST on Solar module manufacturing industry, manufacturers have to pay a lower amount of GST while procuring raw materials. 
(III) With the increase in population, carbon emissions are expected to rise too.
Only (I)
Only (II)
Both (I) and (II)
Both (I) and (III)
All are correct
Solution:
Statement (I) and (III) are correct here. Refer paragraph 1. In statement (II), manufacturers have to pay higher amount of GST. Refer second paragraph for statement (II).

Q3. The 'rooftop' solar programme initiated in the country has not been successful. What is the reason behind this?
Low cost of installing solar plants on the roofs of commercial and residential buildings.
High cost of installing solar plants on the roofs of commercial and residential buildings.
Higher imposition of duties on imports of various solar modules.
Proper infrastructure could not be attained properly.
None of the Above
Solution:
Refer 2nd last paragraph.

Q4. Which of the following statement(s) is/are NOT true in context with the passage above? 
(I) About 75 million of the world’s 300 million people who live without electricity are Indians. (II) According to a respected research study conducted this year, there was a downswing of 52 per cent in solar installations around the country in 2017. 
(III) Manufacturers of photovoltaic (PV) cells have demanded a 70% safeguard duty on Chinese PV imports, and the Directorate General of Trade Remedies will soon take a call on this.
Only (I)
Only (III)
Both (I) and (II)
Both (I) and (III)
All are correct
Solution:
Only statement (III) is incorrect here. Statement (I) and (II) have been mentioned in the passage. Nothing about photovoltaic cells has been given in the passage.

Q5. Which of the following is the most appropriate title for the passage above?
Results of International Solar Alliance
Impacts of Rapid Economic Growth
Why solar energy use has declined in India
Advantages of Solar Panel Cells
Impact of GST on Use of Solar Energy
Solution:
The most appropriate title for the passage above is "Why solar energy use has declined in India"

Direction (6-10): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct? Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark “No Error” as your answer. 

Q6. A majority of India women want men to actively help in household chores during festivals, reveals a survey.
A majority of Indian woman want man
A majorities of Indian women want men
A majority of Indians women want men
A majority of Indian women want men
No Error
Solution:
Option (d) makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct.

Q7. Due to several controversies, allegations of irregularities and protests by health workers against the consent and compensation policies for people undergoing clinical trials, a new drug policy was overdue to facilitate clinical trials in the country.
allegation of irregularities and protests
allegations of irregularities and protest
allegations of irregularities and protesting
allegations of irregularities and protested
No Error
Solution:
The statement is correct as it is. No change is required here.

Q8. The former RBI Governor has strongly defending the RBI against criticism, often unfair, over its policies on NPA recognition and resolution.
has strongly defended the RBI
have strongly defended the RBI
has been strongly defended the RBI
has strong defending the RBI
No Error
Solution:
'has strongly defended the RBI ' will be used here as the sentence is in past tense.

Q9. Though being a second daughter I only got to wear clothes and jewellery passed on from my sister, I was fortunate enough to attend college.
Despite of being a second daughter
Rather being a second daughter
Though as a second daughter
While the second daughter
No Error
Solution:
'Though as a second daughter' makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct.

Q10. Five years ago Apple Inc. releasing a device it thought would appeal to consumers in one of its most important emerging markets.
released a device it think
releases a device it thought
released a device it thinking
released a device it thought
No Error
Solution:
'released a device it thought' is the correct choice here as the given sentence is in past tense.

Directions (11-13): Choose the word which is most SIMILAR in meaning to the word printed in bold below. 

Q11. WRETCH
Innocent
Recognize
Brute
Admiration
Saint
Solution:
Wretch: a despicable or contemptible person. Brute: a savagely violent man or animal.

Q12. VACILLATE
Plunge
Dither
Dive
Persist
Amalgamate Amalgamate Amalgamate
Solution:
Vacillate: waver between different opinions or actions; be indecisive. Dither: be indecisive.

Q13. ESPOUSE
Oppose
Mollify
Nullify
Abnegate
Embrace
Solution:
Espouse: adopt or support (a cause, belief, or way of life). Embrace: accept (a belief, theory, or change) willingly and enthusiastically.

Directions (14-15): Choose the word which is most OPPOSITE in meaning to the word printed in bold below. 

Q14. USHER
Conduct
Marshal
Escort
Trail
Steer
Solution:
Usher: show or guide (someone) somewhere. Trail: follow (a person or animal) by using marks or scent left behind.

Q15. NUGATORY
Incidental
Unfrivolous
Negligible
Trifling
Obscure
Solution:
Nugatory: of no value or importance. Unfrivolous: having real seriousness or importance.