Daily Vocab For Various Competitive Exams: 30th July 2018

Dear Aspirants,
Vocabulary is an important part of English that helps you deal with all kinds of questions in objective as well as descriptive papers of various exams. You can learn new words daily from our Daily Word List. Learn the words and make your own sentences on the basis of the given word list. Here are a few words and phrases from articles published in a reputed Newspaper.

1. Hubris: (noun) अभिमान
Meaning: excessive pride or self-confidence.
Synonyms: audacity, pretension, vanity, airs, disdain, conceitedness
Antonyms: humility, modesty, respect, timidity
Usage: Since Cynthia won the beauty pageant, she has allowed her hubris to turn into arrogance.

2. Heyday: (noun) उमंग का समय
Meaning: a state or time of great activity, thriving, or achievement
Synonyms: bloom, blossom, florescence, flower, flush, high noon, prime, salad days
Antonyms: decay, decline, downfall
bottom, nadir, shriveling (or shrivelling), wilting, withering
Usage: In its heyday, the circus was a major form of entertainment for small-town America.

3. Heinous: (adjective)  घोर
Meaning: (of a person or wrongful act, especially a crime) utterly odious or wicked.
Synonyms: odious, wicked, evil, atrocious, monstrous, disgraceful, abominable, detestable, contemptible, reprehensible, despicable, horrible, horrific, horrifying, terrible, awful, abhorrent, loathsome
Usage: The priest told the man that only God could forgive him for his heinous actions.

4. Contentious: (adjective) विवादास्पद
Meaning: feeling or displaying eagerness to fight
Synonyms: aggressive, argumentative, assaultive, bellicose, belligerent, brawly, combative, confrontational, discordant, disputatious, feisty, gladiatorial, militant, pugnacious, quarrelsome, scrappy, truculent, warlike
Antonyms: nonaggressive, nonbelligerent, pacific, peaceable, peaceful, unbelligerent, uncombative, uncontentious
Usage: The Tartars were a contentious people who terrorized much of Asia and eastern Europe during the Middle Ages.

5. Vengeance: (noun) प्रतिशोध
Meaning: the act or an instance of responding to an injury with an injury
Synonyms: payback, reprisal, requital, retaliation, retribution, revenge
Antonyms: clemency, grace, leniency, lenity, mercy
forgiveness, pardon, remission
Usage: The murdered girl’s parents wanted vengeance in the form of the death penalty.

6. Deride: (verb) उपहास करना
Meaning: to make (someone or something) the object of unkind laughter
Synonyms: gibe, mock, ridicule, scout, shoot down, skewer
Antonyms: applaud, approve, commend, endorse, sanction
Usage: My brothers derided our efforts, but were forced to eat their words when we won first place.

7. Demure: (adjective) संकोची
Meaning: affecting shyness or modesty
Synonyms: coy, kittenish
Antonyms: uncoy
Usage: We were not fooled by her demure self-deprecation.

8. Pecuniary: (adjective) धन-संबंधी
Meaning: of or relating to money, banking, or investments
Synonyms: dollars-and-cents, financial, fiscal, monetary, pocket
Antonyms: nonfinancial
Usage: When the stock market crashed, the millionaire’s pecuniary status changed dramatically and ended with him in a state of poverty

9. Unscrupulous: (adjective) विवेकहीन
Meaning: not guided by or showing a concern for what is right
Synonyms: cutthroat, immoral, Machiavellian, unconscionable, unethical, unprincipled
Antonyms: ethical, moral, principled, scrupulous
Usage:  An unscrupulous businessman manipulated them into selling their land for practically nothing.

10. Culpable: (adjective) सदोष
Meaning: deserving reproach or blame
Synonyms: blamable, blameworthy, censurable, reprehensible, reproachable
Antonyms: blameless, faultless, impeccable, irreproachable
Usage: She’s more culpable than the other children because she’s old enough to know better.

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