Google on Monday commemorated the 45th anniversary of the Chipko movement with a doodle. The doodle depicts four women (1) bedecked in traditional attire, holding hands and forming a chain around a tree, with the fauna which are (2) denizens of the forest portrayed as spectators to this scene of (3) solidarity that is played out on a starry night. In 1973, villagers in Uttar Pradesh’s Chamoli district (now Uttarakhand) took to hugging trees to prevent their felling at the hands of contractors and to protect trees from the deforestation that accompanied rapid industrialization in the years following independence.The word ‘chipko’, which means to hug, soon became the name of the (4) eponymous movement, and the catchphrase for environmentalists the world over. The Bishnoi community in Rajasthan were the (5) pioneers in protecting forest resources. In the 18th century, a group of people from 84 villages in Rajasthan united under a woman called Amrita Devi, and laid down their lives to protest a royal (6) decree that commanded the felling of trees.
The first Chipko movement in independent India took place in April 1973 in the upper Alakananda valley, where the government of Uttar Pradesh had allotted a plot of land inside forest territory to a manufacturer of sports goods. The women of the village united under Chandi Prasad Bhatt and many trees were saved by the heroics of the women by ensuring that the forest would remain (7) inviolable unless the men (8) resorted to (9) bloodletting. Other notable green warriors include Sunderlal Bahuguna, a Gandhian activist and philosopher, who was instrumental in (10) garnering the support of Indira Gandhi, in enacting a law to ban the felling of trees in ecologically sensitive forest lands.
1. BEDECK (verb) : सजाना
Synonyms: adorn, array, beautify, bedizen, blazon, caparison, doll up, drape, dress, embellish, emblaze, emboss, enrich, fancify, festoon, garnish, gussy up.
Antonyms: denude, dismantle, blemish, deface, disfigure, mar, scar, spoil.
2. DENIZEN (noun) : निवासी
Meaning: a person, animal, or plant that lives or is found in a particular place.
Synonyms: dweller, habitant, inhabitant, occupant, resident, resider, tenant.
Antonyms: alien, foreigner, nonresident, guest, visitor, defector, emigrant, escaper, evacuee, exile, expatriate, refugee.
3. SOLIDARITY (noun) : एकजुटता
Meaning: unity or agreement of feeling or action, especially among individuals with a common interest; mutual support within a group.
Synonyms: harmony, camaraderie, comradeship, sodality, unanimity, solidarity, congruity, conformity, concordance.
Antonyms: discord, argument, dissent, disharmony, conflict, dissidence, incongruity, antagonism.
4. EPONYMOUS (adjective) : नामस्रोत
Meaning: of, relating to, or being the person or thing for whom or which something is named.
Synonyms: namesake, cognominal, homonymous, swashbuckling, titular.
Antonyms: anonymous, pseudo, unidentified, undisclosed.
5. PIONEER (noun) : प्रथम अन्वेषक
Meaning: a person who is among the first to explore or settle a new country or area.
Synonyms: earliest, first, foremost, headmost, inaugural, initial, leadoff, maiden, original, premier.
Antonyms: late, consequent, ensuing, following, subsequent, penultimate, final, last, latter, terminal, terminating.
6. DECREE (noun) : हुक्मनामा
Meaning: an official order that has the force of law.
Synonyms: directive, edict, fiat, ruling, judgment, resolution, verdict, dictum, manifesto, proclamation, pronouncement, canon.
Antonyms: cancel, countermand, rescind, appeal, entreaty, petition, plea, urging
7. INVIOLABLE (adjective) : अपराजेय
Meaning: not to be violated, criticized, or tampered with
Synonyms: hallowed, sacred, sacrosanct, unassailable, inviolate, pure, privileged, protected, secure, shielded, exempt, immune.
Antonyms: blasphemous, irreverent, profane, sacrilegious.
8. RESORTED (verb) : सहारा लेना
Meaning: turn to and adopt (a course of action, especially an extreme or undesirable one) so as to resolve a difficult situation.
Synonyms: expedient, recourse, resource, makeshift, replacement, stopgap, substitute.
Antonyms: abstain, dodge, avoid, halt, shun, break, recede.
9. BLOODLETTING (noun) : रक्तपात
Meaning: the violent killing and wounding of people during a war or conflict.
Synonyms: massacre, slaughter, bloodbath, carnage, bloodshed, annihilation, decimation.
Antonyms: allopathy, homeopathy, mild.
10. GARNER (verb) : इकट्ठा करना
Meaning: gather or collect (something, especially information or approval).
Synonyms: accumulate, amass, assemble, congregate, corral, gather, group, lump, collate, compile.
Antonyms: disband, disintegrate, dissolve, separate, dismiss, dispel, disperse, dissipate, scatter.
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