Daily Vocab For Various Competitive Exams: 7th August 2018

Dear Aspirants,
Vocabulary is an important part of English that helps you deal with all kinds of questions in objective as well as descriptive papers of various exams. You can learn new words daily from our Daily Word List. Learn the words and make your own sentences on the basis of the given word list. Here are a few words and phrases from articles published in a reputed Newspaper.
In the week since the final draft of the National Register of Citizens in Assam was completed, the political rhetoric has got irresponsibly away from the issue at hand. Those associated with the preparation of the NRC, including its Supreme Court-appointed coordinator, Prateek Hajela, are at pains to point out that the draft is by no means the end of the road. The more than 40 lakh people whose names are missing from the draft have a graded appeals process ahead, first at NRC seva kendras. Failing rehabilitation on the list at this stage, they can appeal to district magistrates, the Foreigners’ Tribunals, the Gauhati High Court and the Supreme Court. It is a long and daunting process, and a mature polity would ensure that that no man, woman or child is stranded without legal and other assistance to deal with the paperwork. Instead, a full-blown political spectacle has unfolded, with parties trivialising the complexity of the process. The president of the Bharatiya Janata Party, Amit Shah, has filled the air with challenges to Opposition parties, particularly the Congress, to spell out their stand on “Bangladeshi immigrants” and clarify if they want them “to stay here or evict them”. Sundry BJP leaders have talked in favour of an NRC in every State, giving a threatening denominational twist to the issue. And West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee, seemingly as willing to court her own political constituency over the NRC draft list, has warned of a “bloodbath” and a “civil war”.
There is a manifest lack of concern about those bracing themselves to go through the appeals process when one listens to a Telangana BJP MLA’s violent words, a Congressperson’s boasts about thousands of Bangladeshis deported on his party’s watch, or the TMC chief’s angry remarks. Each of those lakhs of persons who doesn’t find herself on the list is a human being, given to heaviness of heart at being left off a citizens’ list, wary of the process that lies ahead, and assailed by what-if scenarios. Among those on the list are people cutting across linguistic, ethnic and religious groups. Together, they do not fit the profile being conveyed by the dog-whistle politics of the BJP to sharpen its identity politics nationwide. In fact, Assam Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal, of the BJP too, has implied as much, while counselling calm. Equally, the shrill politics at the national level is holding India back from facing the necessary questions: can it genuinely heed its civilisational legacy without issuing an assurance that nobody who has lived for a long time in this land will be rendered stateless? And that the country is confident of finding a way to close this process without disadvantaging those who will be off the eventual list and those on it?

1. Rhetoric: Noun : वक्रपटुता
Meaning: language that is impressive-sounding but not meaningful or sincere
Synonyms: bombast, fustian, gas, grandiloquence, hot air, oratory, verbiage, wind
2. Daunting: Adjective : कठिन
Meaning: seeming difficult to deal with in prospect; intimidating.
Synonyms: intimidating, formidable, disconcerting, unnerving, unsettling, dismaying; discouraging, disheartening, dispiriting, demoralizing; forbidding, ominous, frightening, fearsome, challenging, taxing, exacting
Antonyms: assisting, calming, comforting, delighting, encouraging, supportive
3. Stranded: Adjective: असहाय
Meaning: left without the means to move from somewhere.
Synonyms: abandoned, aground, ashore, helpless, wrecked, beached
Antonyms: found
4. Trivialize: Verb (gerund or present participle: trivialising) : महत्वहीन बना देना
Meaning: make (something) seem less important, significant, or complex than it really is.
Synonyms: treat as unimportant, minimize, play down, underplay, make light of, treat lightly, make little of, think little of, laugh off, dismiss, underestimate, undervalue, devalue, belittle, deprecate, scoff at; cheap; derogate
Antonyms: Overstate, gasconade, hyperboilse
5. Evict: Verb : बेदख़ल करना
Meaning: expel (someone) from a property, especially with the support of the law.
Synonyms: chase, dislodge, dismiss, eject, expel, oust, extrude
Antonyms: hold, keep, take in, admit, welcome
6. Manifest: Adjective : स्पष्ट
Meaning: clear or obvious to the eye or mind.
Synonyms: obvious, clear, plain, apparent, evident, patent, palpable, distinct, definite, blatant, overt, glaring, barefaced, explicit, transparent, conspicuous, undisguised, unmistakable, unquestionable, undeniable, noticeable, perceptible, visible, recognizable, observable
Antonyms: hidden, ambiguous, concealed, unclear, vague, obscure

7. Bracing: Adjective : स्फूर्तिदायक
Meaning: having a renewing effect on the state of the body or mind
Synonyms: cordial, invigorating, refreshing, rejuvenating, restorative, reviving, stimulating, stimulative, tonic, vital, vitalizing
Antonyms: deadening, debilitating, draining, enervating, enfeebling, exhausting, numbing, sapping, weakening, wearying, deleterious, injurious, pernicious, insalubrious, noxious, unhealthful, unhealthy, unwholesome
8. Boast: Verb (3rd person present: boasts) : आत्मप्रशंसा
Meaning: talk with excessive pride and self-satisfaction about one’s achievements, possessions, or abilities.
Synonyms: blow, brag, crow, swagger, vaunt
Antonyms: belittle, deprecate, diminish, discount, laugh off, minimize, play down, shrug off, underrate, undervalue, bemoan, lament, mourn, regret
9. Deport: Verb (past tense- deported) : देश-निकाला करना
Meaning: expel (a foreigner) from a country, typically on the grounds of illegal status or for having committed a crime.
Synonyms: expel, banish, exile, transport, expatriate, extradite, repatriate; evict, oust
Antonyms: admit
10. Shrill: Verb : कोलाहलमय
Meaning: to cry out loudly and emotionally
Synonyms: howl, scream, screech, shriek, squall, squeal, yell
Antonyms: murmur, mutter, whisper
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