Daily Vocabulary: 20th January 2020

Word: Downturn (मोड़)
Meaning: a decline in economic, business, or other activity.
Synonyms: decline, slump, recession, drop, slowdown
Antonyms: upsurge, recovery, improvement, betterment
Usage in a Sentence: Some economists say a recession is possible in 2022, while others believe an economic downturn may not begin until the following year.

Word: Retaliation (प्रतिशोध)
Meaning: the action of returning a military attack; counter-attack.
Synonyms: revenge, vengeance, reprisal
Antonyms: mercy, forgiveness, acceptance
Usage in a sentence: He, in retaliation, has launched against them the most concentrated onslaughts that he has been able to devise.

Word: Slump (मंदी)
Meaning: undergo a sudden severe or prolonged fall in price, value, or amount.
Synonyms: decline, fall, drop
Antonyms: surge, rise, ascent
Usage in a sentence: There’s been a slump in the demand for new cars.

Word: Extradite (अपराधी देना)
Meaning: hand over (a person accused or convicted of a crime) to the jurisdiction of the foreign state in which the crime was committed.
Synonyms: deliver, deport, surrender
Antonyms: shelter, discharge, protect
Usage in a sentence: The man was arrested last Wednesday and will be extradited to Utah to face charges alleged in the warrant.

Word: Orchestrate (योजना बनाना)
Meaning: arrange or score (music) for orchestral performance.
Synonyms: arrange, harmonize, organize, score, blend
Antonyms: ignore, disturb, disrupt
Usage in a sentence: It’s still unclear who was responsible for orchestrating the attack.

Word: Coup (सहसाघात)
Meaning: a sudden, violent, and illegal seizure of power from a government.
Synonyms: stroke, putsch, revolution
Antonyms: defeat, failure
Usage in a sentence: Some of the leaders of the coup took their lives rather than face dishonor.

Word: Affiliate (सम्बद्ध करना)
Meaning: officially attach or connect (a subsidiary group or a person) to an organization
Synonyms: associate, ally, connect, join, unite, combine
Antonyms: separate, disaffiliate, abate, enemy
Usage in a Sentence: Their group does not affiliate itself with any political party.

Word: Tipping point (क्रांतिकारी परिवर्तन)
Meaning: the point at which a series of small changes or incidents becomes significant enough to cause a larger, more important change.
Synonyms: game changer, turning point, critical moment
Usage in a Sentence: There are two prevailing theories for what might happen past the Amazon’s tipping point.

Word: Counterweight (प्रतिभार)
Meaning: a weight that balances another weight.
Synonyms: counterpoise, counterbalance,
Antonyms: lopsidedness, disequilibrium
Usage in a Sentence: The crane has a heavy counterweight on the back.

Word: Resurgence (पुनरुत्थान)
Meaning: an increase or revival after a period of little activity, popularity, or occurrence.
Synonyms: revival, resurrection, renewal, rebirth
Antonyms: attenuation, disappearance, disintegration, lapse, breakdown
Usage in a Sentence: There has been some resurgence in economic activity recently.

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