English Language Quiz for IBPS 2020 Mains Exams- 27th December

Directions (1-5): Five statements are given below, labelled a, b, c, d and e. Among  these, four statements are in logical order and form a coherent paragraph/passage. From the given options, choose the option that does not fit into the theme of the passage/paragraph.

Q1.
(a) It was primarily designed to export Indian products and raw material, cotton for instance, cheaply and quickly to Manchester.
(b)The introduction of the Railway system was part of an evolutionary process and did not depend on one’s mercy.
(c)The objective of introducing the Railways in India had nothing to do with people’s welfare or the country’s development.
(d)Because of the American Civil War (1861-65) its supply from the US had become uncertain.
(e)Its military use was underscored by the blood-thirsty Col. James George Smith Neill of 1st Madras Fusiliers, who was on a mission to suppress the Benares uprising (June 1857).

Q2.  
(a) While there have been some important achievements, Aung San Suu Kyi and her party have struggled with economic policy, the peace process, and political violence.
(b) As a result, the government has often appeared ineffectual.
(c) The National League for Democracy (NLD) government’s first year in power has not been easy.
(d) The NLD lacks governance experience, and the executive branch does not have control over the armed forces.
(e) Finding qualified people to serve in senior positions in the government is another challenge.

Q3.
(a) In return, China has not commented on the Moroccan position regarding the Western Sahara.
(b) China sees in Morocco an opportunity to develop factories for export to the European Union.
(c) At the political level Morocco and China see eye-to-eye on some issues, most notably in the policy of non-intervention in state affairs.
(d) While the Moroccan press has occasionally reported on the oppression of faith in China,
(e) The government of Morocco has largely abstained from commenting on issues relating to China’s “core interests”: Xinjiang, Taiwan, or Tibet.

Q4.
(a) With the steady disappearance of indigenous seeds, genetic diversity is eroding and food culture is steadily moving towards what is available in Delhi, Paris and Shanghai.
(b) They lack confidence in bringing their traditional knowledge and intellectual resources to the public domain, and also fear pilferage and tampering by agencies for commercial use.
(c) The people in the mountainous regions have now started feeling the adverse effects of globalization.
(d)As the agents of globalisation infiltrate mountainous areas, the availability of natural resources and practices of sustainability that have prevailed for generations are being sidelined.
(e)Additionally, traditional dialects and folk languages are being used less and less.

Q5.
(a) From China’s perspective, Japanese actions were a flagrant and arrogant violation of Chinese sovereignty necessitating sustained Chinese military expressions of jurisdiction and power.
(b) a new and potentially more destabilizing “normal” has set in around the East China Sea between China and Japan.
(c) While attention over the past year in the Asia-Pacific has been focused on developments in the South China Sea
(d) in particular China’s ongoing island-building efforts and expansion of coast guard activities
(e) This “normal” sees China’s air and coast guard forces penetrating Japanese airspace and territorial waters near the disputed Senkaku/Diaoyu islands with increasing and sustained frequency.

Directions (6-10); Select the phrase/connector (STARTERS) from the given three options which can be used to form a single sentence from the two sentences given below, implying the same meaning as expressed in the statement sentences.

Q6.
(1) Pakistan has continued to facilitate their military operations against US troops.
(2) It has repeatedly promised to act against the Taliban, or to push them into peace negotiations.
(i)Though Pakistan has…
(ii)Continuing to facilitate…
(iii)Despite repeatedly promising…
(a)Only (i) is correct
(b)Only (ii) is correct
(c)Only (iii) is correct
(d)Both (i) and (iii) are correct
(e)All are correct

Q7.
(1) Expansion of BharatNet, a project to connect all the 2.5 lakh gram panchayats is a move in the direction of access to reliable, stable and high-speed broadband service all over the country.
(2) Raising allocation from Rs 6,000 crore in 2016-17 to Rs 10,000 crore for the current fiscal is hardly adequate for this sector.
(i)While expansion of…
(ii)Although raising allocation…
(iii)In a move to expand…
(a)Only (i) is correct
(b)Only (ii) is correct
(c)Both (i) and (iii) are correct
(d)Both (ii) and (iii) are correct
(e)All are correct

Q8.
(1) Malaysia has maintained good terms with all claimants, notably China.
(2) Malaysia was the first to claim some of the Spratly Islands way back in 1979 in its Exclusive Economic Zone.
(i)While maintaining good…
(ii)As Malaysia was the first…
(iii)In order to maintain…
(a)Only (i) is correct
(b)Only (ii) is correct
(c)Only (iii) is correct
(d)Both (i) and (ii) are correct
(e)All are correct

Q9.
(1) The government has been making efforts to encourage the acquisition of weapons systems and defence equipment through the “make in India” route.
(2) However about 70 per cent of the requirements are still imported.
(i) In an effort to encourage…
(ii)Though the government…
(iii) The acquisition of weapons systems and defence equipment………….
(a)Only (ii) is correct
(b)Only (iii) is correct
(c)Both (i) and (iii) are correct
(d)Both (ii) and (iii) are correct
(e)All are correct

Q10.
(1) The Defence Budget is a statement of account.
(2) It is a tool for demonstrating the country’s resolve and for enhancing deterrence through signalling.
(i)Since the Defence Budget…
(ii)Apart from being a statement…
(iii)Besides being a statement…
(a)Only (i) is correct
(b)Only (iii) is correct
(c)Both (i) and (ii) are correct
(d)Both (ii) and (iii) are correct
(e)All are correct

Directions (11-15): In each of the following questions five options are given, of which one word is most nearly the same or opposite in meaning to the given word in the question.  Find the correct option having either same or opposite meaning.

Q11. OBSTINATE
(a) Evasive
(b) Intransigent
(c) Gnomic
(d) Oblique
(e) Perplexing

Q12. VEXATIOUS
(a) Flummoxed
(b) Aplomb
(c) Sangfroid
(d) Assiduity
(e) Infuriating

Q13. EXUBERANT
(a) Profuse
(b)Impregnable
(c) Unflinching
(d) Recreant
(e) Craven

Q14.  ZEST
(a) Apathy
(b) Apprehensive
(c) Diligent
(d) Fecund
(e) Vacuous

Q15. APPETITE
(a) Aversion
(b)Concoct
(c) Contrive
(d) Venerate
(e) Unswerving

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Solutions

S1. Ans. (b)
Sol. cade forms a coherent paragraph and sentence (b) is not a part of it. Coherent paragraph is all about the purpose of introducing the railways in India while Option (b) tells that railway system was part of a revolutionary process which fails to connect with other options. Hence option (b) is true.

S2. Ans.(e)
Sol. Option (e) is the correct choice as the idea it conveys is what challenge that further lies in NLD’s reign while other options which are forming a coherent paragraph are imparting information about the journey they had till now.

S3. Ans.(b)
Sol. Option (b) is the correct choice as it is talking about the opportunities China see in Morocco while other options which are forming a coherent paragraph with their logical order being cdea talks about the reason for the enmity between the two countries.

S4. Ans. (b)
Sol. caed forms a coherent paragraph. The paragraph is all about the effects of globalization in mountainous areas.  Sentence (b) is not a part of this paragraph although it is part of the same article. Sentence (b) is not in harmony with the theme of the passage as it is talking about harnessing bio -diversity.

S5. Ans. (a)
Sol.  Option (a) is the correct choice as it is giving only one’s prospective which is fine in terms of article but is disturbing the theme of the paragraph and is not coherent with the other sentences.

S6. Ans. (d)
Sol. (i) Though Pakistan has repeatedly promised to act against the Taliban, or to push them into peace negotiations, it has continued to facilitate their military operations against US troops.
(iii) Despite repeatedly promising to act against the Taliban, or to push them into peace negotiations, Pakistan has continued to facilitate their military operations against US troops.

S7. Ans. (a)
Sol. (i) While expansion of BharatNet, a project to connect all the 2.5 lakh gram panchayats is a move in the direction of access to reliable, stable and high-speed broadband service all over the country, raising allocation from Rs 6,000 crore in 2016-17 to Rs 10,000 crore for the current fiscal is hardly adequate.

S8. Ans. (a)
Sol. While maintaining good terms with all claimants, notably China, Malaysia was the first to claim some of the Spratly Islands way back in 1979 in its Exclusive Economic Zone.

S9. Ans. (a)
Sol.(ii) Though the government has been making efforts to encourage the acquisition of weapons systems and defence equipment through the “make in India” route, about 70 per cent of the requirements are still imported.

S10. Ans. (d)
Sol.(ii) Apart from being a statement of account, the Defence Budget is also a tool for demonstrating the country’s resolve and for enhancing deterrence through signalling.
(iii) Besides being a statement of account, the defence budget is a tool for demonstrating the country’s resolve and for enhancing deterrence through signalling.

S11. Ans.(b)
Sol. obstinate means stubbornly refusing to change one’s opinion or chosen course of action, despite attempts to persuade one to do so hence Intransigent  is the word most similar in meaning

S12. Ans.(e)
Sol. Vexatious means causing or tending to cause annoyance, frustration, or worry hence infuriating is the word most similar in meaning

S13. Ans.(a)
Sol.  Exuberant means exuberant means full of energy, excitement, and cheerfulness. hence profusely is the word most similar in meaning

S14. Ans.(a)
Sol.   Zest means great enthusiasm and energy hence Apathy is the word most opposite in meaning.

S15. Ans.(a)
Sol. Appetite means a natural desire to satisfy a bodily need, especially for food hence aversion is the word most opposite in meaning.

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