Directions (1-5): In the following passage, some of the words have been left out, each of which is indicated by a number. Find the suitable word from the options given against each number and fill up the blanks with appropriate words to make the paragraph meaningful.
Urbanisation is the talk of the town. A number of new initiatives have been..(1)..by the government of India in the last two years, raising the level of ambition of Indian cities — smart cities, clean cities (Swachh Bharat), rejuvenated cities (Amrut), and housing for all. The first recognition of the importance of urbanisation, after years of neglect by both the Centre and the states, came in 2005 when the government of India launched the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) in December 2005. The..(2)..ran its course till March 2014, with mixed results. Public service delivery improved only in cities where state governments provided an enabling environment for innovation and better governance.
Indian cities mostly remain in very..(3)..condition with respect to public service-delivery and governance. For the new initiatives to succeed, it is important to recognise that while some funding through the new missions will help the key issue is whether our cities will be empowered with finances and capacity by the state governments and helped by the government of India. Without this, private funds will not come forth to supplement the limited funds of the government and..(4)..of public-private partnership will not materialise. There must, of course, be elected local governments as the Constitution mandates, but there must also be greater autonomy to the elected urban local governments in the running of city affairs. Unless this is done, our cities will not be able to improve the quality of life of their citizens and also play their role as engines of rapid growth.
In order to explain why cities matter, particularly for India’s current stage of development, let me begin with some frequently asked questions about the relationship between rapid economic growth, structural..(5)..and urbanisation.
Q1. (a) Increased
Q2. (a) Mission
Q3. (a) Rich
Q4. (a) Harass
Q5. (a) Transformation
Directions (6-10): Find out the error, if any. If there is no error, the answer is (e), i.e. No error. (Ignore the errors of punctuation, if any.)
Q6. By so early as next year (A)/ the leading investment bank (B)/ has plans to open (C)/ an office in New Delhi. (D)/ No error (E).
Q7. There is a lot of (A)/ supports from the employees for (B)/ the proposal to (C)/ merge with the parent company. (D)/ No error (E).
Q8. Experts have recommended that (A)/ the government should reconsidered (B)/ restrictions imposed on foreign (C)/ investment in real estate. (D)/ No error (E).
Q9. Because of the pace at (A)/ which the company is growing (B)/ I believe it will easily (C)/ achieve their target. (D)/ No error (E).
Q10. Accidents usually (A)/ result into (B)/ negligence, ignorance (C)/ recklessness or carelessness. (D)/ No error (E).
S1. Ans. (b)
S2. Ans. (a)
S3. Ans. (b)
S4. Ans. (d)
S5. Ans. (a)
S6. Ans. (a)
Sol. Replace ‘so’ with ‘as’ because correct expression is As+Adverb+As.
S7. Ans. (b)
Sol. Use ‘support’ in place of ‘supports’ because it has been used as an uncountable noun here.
S8. Ans. (b)
Sol. The word “reconsidered” should be replaced with “reconsider” to maintain the correct verb form.
S9. Ans. (d)
Sol. Replace ‘their’ with ‘its’ because ‘company’ is a singular noun and this pronoun has been used for it.
S10. Ans. (b)
Sol. Replace ‘into’ with ‘from’ because ‘result from’ means ‘to be the outcome of or consequence of’.