Q2. On March 1st Philip Morris, a tobacco giant, sued eight American retailers for selling counterfeit versions of its Marlboro cigarettes. Governments are also boosting their efforts to crack down on counterfeiting which deprives them of tax revenue in addition to harming legitimate businesses. Thanks to the rise of the internet and of extended international supply chains, and more recently, to the global economic downturn, counterfeit goods are everywhere. Fake Porsches and Ferraris zoom along the streets of Bangkok. A German bank has discovered an ersatz gold ingot made of tungsten in its reserves, according to a German television channel investigating persistent reports that many of the world’s financial institutions have been similarly hoodwinked.
Dear Students, It’s the exams times. You have many exams lined up such as Dena Bank PO, RBI Grade- B scheduled in the upcoming days or months. Recently, New Pattern English Questions have been asked in many exams. So, we are providing these 15 English Questions, which are high in difficulty level, Practice and test your understanding of English language.
Directions (1-5): Each of the following questions has a paragraph from which the last sentence has been deleted. From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.
Q1. Yes, nobody wants to be Japan, the fallen angel that went from one of the fastest growing economies in the world for more than three decades to one that has slowed to a crawl for the past 18 years. No one wants to live with the trauma of the deflation (falling prices) that Japan has repeatedly experienced. No one wants to navigate the precarious government-debt dynamic that Japan faces, with debt levels far above 100% of GDP – even if one factors in the Japanese government’s vast holdings of foreign – exchange reserves.
(a) No one wants to go from being a world-beater to a poster child for economic stagnation.
(b) And yet, visitors to Tokyo today see prosperity everywhere.
(c) Although hardly in crisis yet, Japan’s fiscal situation grows more alarming by the day.
(d) Until now, the government has been able to finance its vast debts locally, despite paying paltry interest rates even on longer-term borrowings.
(e) Remarkably, Japanese savers soak up some 95% of their government’s debt.
(a) Counterfeiting used to be a luxury goods problem, but now people are trying to traffic counterfeit items that have a wider effect on the economy.
(b) NASA, America’s space agency, has even bought suspect materials.
(c) Several factors have contributed to the growth of counterfeiting in recent years.
(d) Fake goods are proliferating, to the dismay of companies and governments.
(e) The recession in the rich world may also have given a boost to counterfeit goods.
Q3. The rate of conviction in SC and ST atrocity cases in the State has reached 22% from 10% last year due to the proper investigations done by the departments concerned and the increased awareness that enabled the aggrieved persons to get justice. The Government has been appointing special public prosecutors in “most sensational” and long-pending cases and has issued guidelines to increase people’s understanding of the SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act.
(a) The people’s representatives should now acquaint people with the legal remedies available for them.
(b) The Act has been implemented in letter and spirit.
(c) The Police Department act swiftly on complaints of atrocities.
(d) These measures facilitated speedy disposal of SC and ST atrocity cases.
(e) Investigations have paved the way for speedy delivery of justice.
Q4. Make no mistake: the setting matters. There are many ways to listen to classical Indian music – in the private, somewhat sterile perfection of the CDs and DVDs we play at home; in the concert sabhas of Mylapore and T. Nagar; on the music channels on TV or on YouTube, which now carries a little or a lot of almost everything, often in choppy, byte-size pieces. But I happen to think that this music sounds best outside, on a hot spring or summer night, with the taste of pollen and dust on your tongue and mosquitoes circling around your feet.
(a) We tend to forget that much of the classical music of India, both Hindustani and Carnatic, was meant for intimate settings like the royal court,
(b) Taking classical music out of “sabhas” into vibrant cultural spaces brings out its ethereal dimensions.
(c) Music is a tangible thing, to be felt in the pores of your skin no less than in the ear; you just can’t do that very well in the concert halls.
(d) In the course of its transition to the modern concert stage, Carnatic music in particular has sacrificed something of its delicacy.
(e) One of the important things about the settings is the re-creation of a context for listening in which subtlety and intimacy can assume their natural role.
Q5. In 2009 China overtook Germany to become the world’s largest exporter. Exactly half the trade disputes that were filed at the World Trade Organisation (WTO) last year involved China. These facts are not unrelated. As Pascal Lamy, the WTO’s chief, pointed out in January, the scope for trade friction increases as countries trade more.
(a) Hence, China will test the WTOs dispute-settlement system.
(b) Hence, disputes between China and other countries are only to be expected.
(c) Hence, China’s increasing propensity to bring disputes to the WTO is part of a broader shift.
(d) Hence, China has moved from learning-by-watching, to being an active participant in formal dispute settlement.
(e) Hence, more disputes may be inevitable; resolving them successfully is not.
Directions (6-15): In each of the following questions, a paragraph with a blank is given. From the five choices given below, select the sentence which can go into the blank to make the paragraph logically coherent.
Q6. In the past, hosting a party meant ringing friends, organising food and drink and ensuring that the venue was in order. (————) There is the event manager who picks a theme and supplies the props, be it decorations, deejays, dancers or appearances by movie stars. The final product is intended to be a cocktail of novelty, glamour and designer brands that get noticed and mentioned.
(a) In India marriage is an ostentatious custom with greater spending power.
(b) Today, the New Age Indian party is a one-night-only small-scale enterprise an event requiring specialised staff.
(c) Today it is parties that have become social statements and battlegrounds of one-upmanship.
(d) But India wants to party today and party some more tomorrow.
(e) Throwing grand parties is fast becoming a status symbol.
Q7. The Indian government’s attempt to tap the clout and wealth of the hugely successful diaspora to boost the domestic economy and serve the national interest in the international arena is laudable. But it has to give a value proposition to the NRI community, lest it is more than happy in the cosy comforts that the west has to offer. The diaspora’s attitude towards India is still patronising but it may not simply run to help India in its hour of need. It would want counter guarantees. (————-)
(a) Risk evaluation precedes patriotism.
(b) China, due to its trade-friendly policies, has been able to get its diaspora to invest heavily while we are still lagging behind.
(c) What should concern us is the regular exodus of brilliant students from the IITs, IIMs and medical colleges who see greener pastures overseas.
(d) It is shameful that for an Indian to be recognised, he first has to leave the country.
(e) Can we look up to the diaspora to help lndians in their hour of need?
Q8. Jammu and Kashmir is faced with a possibility of another draught – the fourth one in five years. The winter continues to be dry in the Kashmir valley. There is no snow, despite temperatures dropping to a low of 6 degrees Celsius. (———-) Thus poor snowfall ensures that the draught continues well into summer.
(a) Poor snow has kept skeins away this season.
(b) Environmentalists blame the weather change on deforestation and fear it could get worse if logging is not checked
(c) The drought will adversely impact agriculture, horticulture and power generation in the state.
(d) Heavy snowfall during the winter is always welcome as it guarantees more water during the summers.
(e) People of Jammu and Kashmir are gearing up for another severe draught and they themselves have to be blamed for it.
Q9. Scientists say that intensely imagining doing something wires the areas of the brain that will be involved once you get down to the same task. Such visualisation creates new connections which help during the real things. Whether in work or in life, especially while making major decisions, it does help to imagine the doing and the outcome. The same applies to one’s moods as well. (———) So smile.
(a) Imagine intensely a good mood, especially when feeling low, and soon you most probably will be in good mood.
(b) A happy person may turn into a melancholy person overnight as a result of some experience.
(c) Moods and emotions spread irresistibly whenever people are near one another, even if they are total strangers.
(d) Research confirms that moods are contagious.
(e) Visualisation enhances a persons chance of attaining his goal.
Q10. Indians are passionate about cricket. (———–) Player’s safety is the BCCI’s responsibility. Cricket should be played as a sport which is a pleasant pastime.
(a) In sports, winning is secondary to participation.
(b) Unfortunately crowd behaviour is becoming increasingly unpredictable.
(c) A match is always disrupted by an unruly crowd.
(d) The Duckworth laws method should be used only when natural events play spoil sports.
(e) In sports, sportsmanship is fast becoming a rare commodity.
Q11. (—————–) An engineering degree, even from an IIT, is not sufficient to get a job, without an MBA from another reputed institute. In such a competitive economic scenario, only they succeed who present their and their company’s case professionally. It is only natural, therefore for companies to choose those with an edge over others.
(a) Handling insecurity of not getting a job in a sluggish economy is a reality for an average 21 year old.
(b) Institutions of international repute like IIMs and IITs have not met their placement targets for the year.
(c) The IT industry has frozen recruitment for a long time.
(d) Projecting yourself positively to the market is very important as there is always a cut throat competition.
(e) The job situation in India has worsened so much that a single qualification is now insufficient for landing a job.
Q12. One of the most important things a child enjoys is playing. (————-) And toys are the best medium through which a child can become aware of the different concepts of life and his surroundings. It helps them relieve their tensions, frustrations and emotions, as toys are treated both as ‘companions’ and ‘confidants’.
(a) It is the essential joy of childhood where children learn about themselves their environment and the people around them.
(b) For a child anything that attracts attention serves as a toy.
(c) Toys thus have an exciting role in helping children to become mature, confident and imaginative adults.
(d) Children bring boundless energy and imagination to their plays with toys.
(e) The best way to teach students is through a play way method.
Q13. Spirituality is the new buzzword with everyone from the glitterati to the common folk. But there is another unlikely sphere that the new-age attitude of ‘changing from within’ has seeped into the corporate world. Many corporate houses are getting spiritual gurus to train their employees to be better people. (————-) Workshops on spirituality help a person get in touch with his spiritual self, change his interpersonal skills drastically and help manage stress better.
(a) With cut throat competition, high-pressure jobs and deadlines to meet, employees need to learn how to manage themselves well.
(b) When a person is trained in superficial skills, the heart of a person is not in the change.
(c) Earlier companies focused on IQ; then the focus shifted to EQ.
(d) Management workshops cannot bring about fundamental changes or total transformation in a person.
(e) In todays, world one needs to strike a balance between mechanization and spirituality
Q14. Diamonds used to be the rich girl’s best friend. (——–) The latest designs cater to the image the modern urban woman wants to project. They are advertised as ‘celebrating’ freedom of expression.
(a) The affordability of trendy diamond jewelry is probably the cutting edge over traditional gold jewelry.
(b) Now it is the girl-next door’s best friend.
(c) There is a wide and exciting range of diamonds.
(d) While purchasing diamond jewelry, women look for exclusivity and are willing to pay more for it.
(e) Belgium is famous for diamonds and glass.
Q15. Life in India is cheap. Dozens die untimely deaths everyday because of road or rail accidents.
Such deaths are good news for the media because they get their story of the day. And bad news of course for families of the victims. (————) Loss of a life doesn‘t mean anything to us, unless it’s our life.
(a) Time was when ministers resigned, owning moral responsibility for an accident.
(b) Never in its history did the country witness so many rail accidents as it has in recent years.
(c) But for the rest of the millions and millions, such news is not news.
(d) By the time an enquiry is conducted to decide whether it’s sabotage or human error, the accident is forgotten.
(e) In India poverty rules the roost, and hence death comes easy.
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