English Quiz IBPS Clerk Mains: 18th December

English Language Quiz For IBPS Clerk Mains 

IBPS had conducted the IBPS Clerk Prelims Exam a few weeks ago and the result will be out shortly. Now the next step is to clear the mains exam Thus, the English Language can be an impetus for their success by helping them save crucial time and score good points in lesser time and effort. So, instead of boiling the ocean, try building up a strong vocabulary, an effective knowledge of grammar, and efficient comprehension skills so as to be on the ball to face this particular section. Here is a quiz on English Language being provided by Adda247 to let you practice the best of the latest pattern English Questions for IBPS Clerk Mains Exam.

Directions (1-5): In the following questions, a sentence is divided into five different parts including two highlighted ones. The highlighted parts of the sentence are grammatically correct and do not require any correction. However, the remaining three parts may contain errors in one or more than one parts of the sentence. Choose the best alternative among the five options given below each sentence that determines the portions that require correction to make the sentence grammatically correct.

Q1. While power producer (I)/ sit on thousands of megawatts (MW) (II)/of under-utilised capacities, (III)/ consumers face frequent (IV)/ power cuts and load shedding. (V)
(a)Only (I)
(b)Only (IV)
(c)Both (I) and (IV)
(d)Both (I) and (V)
(e)No error

Q2. A central banks unique functions (I)/ make it unrealistic (II)/ for it to be governed (III)/ as a joint stock company (IV)/ through a governing board. (V)
(a)Only (I)
(b)Only (IV)
(c)Both (I) and (IV)
(d)Both (I) and (II)
(e)No error

Q3. The economic policies pursued by the colonial government (I)/ in India were concerned more with the protection and promotion (II)/ of the economic interests (III)/ of their home country or (IV)/ with the development of the Indian economy. (V)
(a)Only (I)
(b)Only (IV)
(c)Both (III) and (IV)
(d)Both (IV) and (I)
(e)No error

Q4. Trade tensions triggered by protectionist measures (I)/ taken by the US Administration following the show of aggressive intent (II)/ by President Donald Trump (III)/ against the major economies, (IV)/ has left India in a piquant situation. (V)
(a)Only (II)
(b)Only (V)
(c)Both (III) and (V)
(d)Both (II) and (V)
(e)No error

Q5. Banks and mutual funds have been lending to the NBFCs, (I)/ who fat margins pushed up their (II)/ share prices to multiples of its book value, (III)/ even as the banks that lend to them (IV)/ have been trading below their book value. (V)
(a)Only (II)
(b)Only (V)
(c)Both (III) and (V)
(d)Both (II) and (III)
(e)No error

Direction (6-10): Select the phrase/connector (STARTERS) from the given three options which can be used to form a single sentence from the two sentences given below, implying the same meaning as expressed in the statement sentences. If none of the given starters can be used to frame a meaningful sentence, choose option (d) i.e. “none of these”. If all the given starters can be used to frame a meaningful sentence without altering the context of both the statements, choose option (e) i.e. “all of these”.

Q6. [I] Former Carlton president and ex-Liberal heavyweight John Elliott will be able to drive again
[II] John Elliot fronted court to finalise a drink-driving case and get his license back.
(i) Former Carlton president…
(ii) After fronting court to finalise…
(iii) John Elliot who is a former Cartlon president…
(a) Only (i)
(b) Both (i) and (ii)
(c) Only (ii)
(d) None of these
(e) All (i), (ii), and (iii)

Q7. [I] The financial research industry drifts away from being 100% human powered to relying upon data collected by a human/machine hybrids.
[II] Bank of America is seeking to lap the competition.
(i) As the financial research industry drifts…
(ii) Although the financial research industry…
(iii) Since the financial research…
(a) Only (i)
(b) Both (i) and (iii)
(c) Only (ii)
(d) None of these
(e) All of these

Q8. [I] Walmart can justify its expensive acquisition.
[II] Walmart has to rely on the incumbent talent that has successfully propelled Flipkart to dominance in the Indian online retail.
(i) The incumbent talent…
(ii) By relying on the incumbent…
(iii) Walmart can justify…
(a) Only (i)
(b) Only (ii)
(c) Both (ii) and (iii)
(d) None of these
(e) All of these

Q9. [I] More than 17 lakh children in India are likely to die of pneumonia by 2030
[II] A global study was released on Monday, which was World Pneumonia Day.
(i) According to a Global study…
(ii) More than 17 Lakh…
(iii) Given that more than 17 lakh….
(a) Only (i)
(b) Only (ii)
(c) Both (i) and (ii)
(d) None of these
(e) All of these

Q10. [I] The vision before the freedom fighters was ‘Ram Rajya’ as expressed by Gandhiji and elaborated in Hind Swaraj.
[II] The foundation of good education and governance and Ram Rajya is the rule of dharma.
(i) The foundation of…
(ii) In the view of the foundation of…
(iii) Since the foundation of…
(a) Only (i)
(b) Only (ii)
(c) Both (i) and (ii)
(d) None of these
(e) All of these

Directions (11-15): In each of the following questions given below, a sentence is given with some bold words which may contain errors. Below each of the sentences, a table is given with two columns in which column ‘A’ contains the list of bold words, and in column ‘B’ the suggested corrections are listed. You have to choose the best alternate among the four given options. If no correction is required against the given bold words, mark (e) .i.e. “None of the above” as your answer.

Q11. Prescriptions about global oil have flipped dramatically over the last six weeks, from fears of shortcoming to apprehension of a glut. Brent futures of oil for delivery in January 2019, which had risen to a four-year high of $86.30 per barrel on October 3, is now $66.60.
COLUMN (A)
(1) prescriptions
(2) flipped
(3) shortcoming
(4) risen

COLUMN (B)
(5) perceptions
(6) flip
(7) shortage
(8) arise

(a) Both (1) – (5) and (3) – (7)
(b) (2) – (6)
(c) (1) – (5)
(d) (3) – (7)
(e) None of the above

Q12. In 1770, long before computers were discovered, Wolfgang von Kempelen built what was widely believed to be the world’s first intelligent machine—a device so smart that it consistently beat some of the best minds of the day at chess.
COLUMN (A)
(1) discovered
(2) believed
(3) intelligent
(4) consistently

COLUMN (B)
(5) invented
(6) bewildered
(7) intelligently
(8) consistent

(a) Both (1) – (5) and (3) – (7)
(b) (2) – (6)
(c) (1) – (5)
(d) (3) – (7)
(e) None of the above

Q13. The Aspiring Principals Leadership program is designed for people who are likely to become principals soon. It focuses on educational leadership over than school administration, and emphasis curriculum planning, student progressive and teaching quality.
COLUMN (A)
(1) designed
(2) over
(3) emphasis
(4) progressive

COLUMN (B)
(5) designing
(6) rather
(7) emphasises
(8) progress

(a) (1) – (5)
(b) (2) – (6)
(c) (1) – (5)
(d) (2) – (6), (3) – (7) and (4) – (8)
(e) None of the above

Q14. Anganwadi centres (AWCs) are the focal point of distribution of health and nutrition services for pregnant women, lactating mothers and children. There have been improvements in the quantity, quality and coverage of services provided to the beneficiaries.

COLUMN (A)
(1) distribution
(2) improvements
(3) coverage
(4) beneficiaries

COLUMN (B)
(5) delivery
(6) improvement
(7) covering
(8) benefits

(a) (1) – (5)
(b) (2) – (6)
(c) (1) – (5)
(d) (2) – (6), (3) – (7) and (4) – (8)
(e) None of the above

Q15. Tamil Nadu has been in the limelight for long for its child labour problems. Children were falling pray to the exploitative labour in firecracker and matchsticks-producing industries. In 2012-13, a major fire accident occurred in Sivakasi, where both — children and adults — lost their lives.

COLUMN (A)
(1) limelight
(2) pray
(3) industries
(4) occured

COLUMN (B)
(5) highlighted
(6) prey
(7) establishment
(8) happening

(a) (1) – (5)
(b) (2) – (6)
(c) (1) – (5)
(d) (2) – (6), (3) – (7) and (4) – (8)
(e) None of the above

Solutions
S1. Ans. (a)
Sol. The error lies in part (I) of the sentence. It is to be noted that the correct highlighted part (II) indicates a plural form of verb [sit] for the subject [power producer]. Therefore to adhere to the norms of subject-verb agreement the singular subject should be replaced by its plural form [power producers]. Hence, option (a) is the most suitable answer choice.

S2. Ans. (c)
Sol. The error lies in part (I) and (IV) of the sentence. Part (I) “A central banks unique functions” should be replaced by “A central bank’s unique functions” to make it grammatically and contextually correct. Moreover, in part (IV) “as” should be replaced by “like” because while comparing two subjects “like” is followed by a noun/noun phrase while “as” is followed by a clause. All the other parts are grammatically and contextually correct. Hence, option (c) becomes the most viable answer choice.

S3. Ans. (b)
Sol. The error lies in part (IV) of the sentence. To frame a meaningfully correct sentence, replace “or” with “than” as the usage of “more” which is a comparative degree in the highlighted part (II) indicates that the sentence is comparing between two subjects. Since, “than” is used as a function word to indicate the second member in a comparison expressive of inequality —used with comparative adjectives and comparative adverbs, it should replace “or” in part (IV) of the sentence. Hence, option (b) is the most suitable answer choice.

S4. Ans. (e)
Sol. All the parts of the given sentence are grammatically correct and do not require any corrections and improvements. Therefore, option (e) becomes the most suitable answer choice.

S5. Ans. (d)
Sol. The parts (II) and (III) contain errors in them. To correct part (II) of the sentence “who” should be replaced by “whose” as “whose” is used to introduce a relative clause indicating possession by people, animals and things while “who” is a pronoun and used as the subject or object of a verb to show which person you are referring to. Moreover, in part (III) “its” should be replaced by “their” as it is related to them or themselves especially as [third person plural] possessors, agents, or objects of an action. All the other parts of the sentence are grammatically and contextually correct, hence, option (d) is the most suitable answer choice.

S6. Ans. (e)
Sol. All the three starters can be used to frame a meaningful sentence without altering the intended meaning of the given sentences. Hence option (e) is the correct choice.
(i) Former Carlton president and ex-Liberal heavyweight John Elliott will be able to drive again after fronting court to finalise a drink-driving case and get his license back.
(ii) After Fronting court to finalise a drink-driving case and get his license back, former Carlton president and ex-Liberal heavyweight John Elliott will be able to drive again.
(iii) John Elliot who is a former Carlton president and ex-Liberal heavyweight will be able to drive again after fronting court to finalise a drink-driving case and get his license back.

S7. Ans. (b)
Sol. Both the starters (i) and (iii) can be used to frame a meaningful sentence without altering the exact meaning of the given sentences. However, it is not possible to construct a contextual sentence using the second starter as it would alter the intended meaning. Hence option (b) is the correct choice.
(i) As the financial research industry drifts away from being 100% human powered to relying upon data collected by a human/machine hybrids, Bank of America is seeking to lap the competition.
(iii) Since the financial research industry drifts away from being 100% human powered to relying upon data collected by a human/machine hybrids, Bank of America is seeking to lap the competition.

S8. Ans. (c)
Sol. Both the starters (ii) and (iii) can be used to frame a meaningful sentence without altering the exact meaning of the given sentences. However, it is not possible to construct a contextual sentence using the first starter as it would alter the intended meaning. Hence option (c) is the correct choice.
(ii) By relying on the incumbent talent that has successfully propelled Flipkart to dominance in the Indian online retail, Walmart can justify its expensive acquisition.
(iii) Walmart can justify its expensive acquisition by relying on the incumbent talent that has successfully propelled Flipkart to dominance in the Indian online retail.

S9. Ans. (c)
Sol. Both the starters (i) and (ii) can be used to frame a meaningful sentence without altering the exact meaning of the given sentences. However, it is not possible to construct a contextual sentence using the third starter as it would alter the intended meaning. Hence option (c) is the correct choice.
(i) According to a global study released on Monday, which was World Pneumonia day, more than 17 Lakh children in India are likely to die of pneumonia by 2030.
(ii) More than 17 lakh children in India are likely to die of pneumonia by 2030, according to a global study released on Monday, which was World Pneumonia Day.

S10. Ans. (d)
Sol. None of the given starters can be used to form a grammatically correct and contextually meaningful sentence. Therefore, the most suitable answer choice is option (d).

S11. Ans. (a)
Sol. The sentence is describing about the fluctuations in the price of oil barrel. Therefore, the words ‘prescriptions’ and ‘shortcomings’ are incorrect in the context of the paragraph. Hence, they should be replaced by ‘perceptions’ and ‘shortage’. ‘Perceptions’ means the way in which something is regarded, understood, or interpreted. ‘Shortage’ means a state or situation in which something needed cannot be obtained in sufficient amounts. Hence, option (a) is the most suitable answer choice.

S12. Ans. (c)
Sol. The sentence is describing about a smart device which was invented before computers, which was built by Wolfgang von Kempelen. Therefore, the word “discovered” which means be the first to find or observe (a place, substance, or scientific phenomenon) is incorrect and should be replaced by “invented” which means create or design (something that has not existed before); be the originator of. All the other highlighted words are grammatically and contextually correct. Hence, option (c) is the correct answer choice.

S13. Ans. (d)
Sol. The sentence is describing about a leadership program for the Aspiring Principals. It has also mentioned its areas of interests to work on. To frame a grammatically correct sentence, replace “over” with “rather” as “rather than” indicates that something is done in place of something else. “emphasis” should be replaced by “emphasizes” as the subject [The Aspiring Principals Leadership program] of the verb is singular. Moreover, “progressive” should be replaced by “progress” as progressive is an adjective which means happening or developing gradually or in stages while ‘progress’ is a noun which means forward or onward movement towards a destination. Hence, option (d) is the most suitable answer choice.

S14. Ans. (a)
Sol. The sentence is describing about the services provided by the Anganwadi centres. Services are rendered or delivered but cannot be distributed. To frame a grammatically correct and contextually meaningful paragraph, replace “distribution” which means the action of sharing something out among a number of recipients by “delivery” which means the supply or provision of something. All the other highlighted words are correct, hence, option (a) is the most suitable answer choice.

S15. Ans. (b)
Sol. The word “pray” which means address a prayer to God or another deity is incorrect and must be replaced by “prey” to form a contextually meaningful sentence. “prey” means someone who can be easily deceived or harmed. All the other highlighted words are correct, hence, option (b) is the most suitable answer choice.