Directions (1-7): In each of the following questions, a word is given followed by five options. Choose the most appropriate word which is similar in meaning with the given word.
Directions (8-15): In each of the following questions, a word is given followed by five options. Choose the most appropriate word which is similar in meaning with the given word.
S1. Ans. (d)
Sol. Apathy: Lack of interest, enthusiasm or concern
Indifference: lack of interest, concern, or sympathy.
Bestow: confer or present (an honour, right, or gift).
Allege: claim or assert that someone has done something illegal or wrong, typically without proof.
Passionate: having, showing, or caused by strong feelings or beliefs.
Sensibility: the quality of being able to appreciate and respond to complex emotional or aesthetic influences; sensitivity.
S2. Ans. (c)
Sol. Convalesce: recover one’s health and strength over a period of time after an illness or medical treatment.
Recuperate: recover from illness or exertion
Intrigue: arouse the curiosity or interest of; fascinate.
Defibrillate: stop the fibrillation of (a person’s heart) by administering a controlled electric shock to restore the normal rhythm.
Ascertain: find (something) out for certain; make sure of.
Perpetual: never ending or changing.
S3. Ans. (a)
Sol. Spurt: gush out in a sudden and forceful stream.
Emanate: (of a feeling, quality, or sensation) issue or spread out from (a source).
Relinquish: Voluntarily cease to keep or claim; give up.
Abdicate: Fail to fulfil or undertake (A responsibility or duty)
Forswear: Agree to give up or do without
Adherence: attachment or commitment to a person, cause, or belief.
S4. Ans. (a)
Sol. Recumbent: (especially of a person or effigy) lying down.
Lounging: lie, sit or stand in a relaxed or lazy way
Upright: (of a person) sitting or standing with the back straight.
Knackered: tire (someone) out.
Malfunction: (of a piece of equipment or machinery) fail to function normally.
Contrive: create or bring about (an object or a situation) by deliberate use of skill and artifice.
S5. Ans. (c)
Sol. Engender: cause or give rise to (a feeling, situation, or condition).
Instigate: bring about or initiate (an action or event).
Elaborate: involving many carefully arranged parts or details; detailed and complicated in design and planning.
Afflict: (of a problem or illness) cause pain or trouble to; affect adversely.
Ordain: order (something) officially.
Flourish: (of a living organism) grow or develop in a healthy or vigorous way, especially as the result of a particularly congenial environment.
S6. Ans. (e)
Sol. Atrocity: An extremely wicked or cruel act
Malfeasance: Extreme cruelty or brutality
Pious: devoutly religious.
Conspicuous: clearly visible.
Malice: the desire to harm someone; ill will.
Extravagant: lacking restraint in spending money or using resources.
S7. Ans. (d)
Sol. Semblance: the outward appearance or apparent form of something, especially when the reality is different.
Guise: an external form, appearance, or manner of presentation, typically concealing the true nature of something.
Venerate: regard with great respect; revere.
Assail: make a concerted or violent attack on.
Suffrage: the right to vote in political elections.
Ensue: happen or occur afterwards or as a result.
S8. Ans. (c)
Sol. Tardiness: the quality or fact of being late; lateness.
Punctuality: the fact or quality of being on time.
Incidental: happening as a minor accompaniment to something else.
Usurping: taking (a position of power or importance) illegally or by force.
Depose: remove from office suddenly and forcefully.
Deference: polite submission and respect.
S9. Ans. (e)
Sol. Lurch: make an abrupt, unsteady, uncontrolled movement or series of movements; stagger.
Tiptoe: walk quietly and carefully with one’s heels raised and one’s weight on the balls of the feet.
Elude: escape from or avoid (a danger, enemy, or pursuer), typically in a skilful or cunning way.
Pervade: be present and apparent throughout.
Admonish: warn or reprimand someone firmly.
Foster: encourage the development of (something, especially something desirable).
S10. Ans. (e)
Sol. Insipid: lacking flavour; weak or tasteless.
– lacking vigour or interest.
Interesting: arousing curiosity or interest; holding or catching the attention.
Conscientious: wishing to do one’s work or duty well and thoroughly.
Arbitrary: based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system.
Exasperating: intensely irritating and frustrating.
Conjuring: the performance of tricks which are seemingly magical, typically involving sleight of hand.
S11. Ans. (d)
Sol. Vacuity: Lack of thought or intelligence; empty headedness
Intelligence: the ability to acquire and apply knowledge and skills.
Adversity: a difficult or unpleasant situation.
Caprice: a sudden and unaccountable change of mood or behaviour.
Stratum: a layer or a series of layers of rock in the ground.
S12. Ans. (b)
Sol. Festooned: adorned (a place) with chains, garlands, or other decorations.
Bespangle: cover or adorn with something that glitters or sparkles.
Wistful: having or showing a feeling of vague or regretful longing.
Ripple: a particular feeling or effect that spreads through someone or something.
Mortify: cause (someone) to feel very embarrassed or ashamed.
Subsided: became less intense, violent, or severe.
S13. Ans. (a)
Sol. Coterminous: having the same boundaries or extent in space, time, or meaning.
Noncontemporary: not existing or occurring at the same time as another
Rhetoric: the art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing, especially the exploitation of figures of speech and other compositional techniques.
Insurgent: a person fighting against a government or invading force; a rebel or revolutionary.
Scrupulous: (of a person or process) careful, thorough, and extremely attentive to details.
Discreet: careful and prudent in one’s speech or actions, especially in order to keep something confidential or to avoid embarrassment.
S14. Ans. (d)
Sol. Frenzied: wildly excited or uncontrolled.
Clam: not showing or feeling nervousness, anger, or other strong emotions.
Fathom: understand (a difficult problem or an enigmatic person) after much thought.
Objective: (of a person or their judgement) not influenced by personal feelings or opinions in considering and representing facts.
Rebuked: expressed sharp disapproval or criticism of (someone) because of their behaviour or actions.
S15. Ans. (b)
Sol. Complacency: a feeling of smug or uncritical satisfaction with oneself or one’s achievements.
Dissatisfaction: lack of satisfaction.
Undertaking: a formal pledge or promise to do something.
Entreat: ask someone earnestly or anxiously to do something.
Imparting: make (information) known.
Consecrate: ordain (someone) to a sacred office, typically that of bishop.