English Quizzes, for SBI/IBPS PO Mains 2021 – 15th December_00.1
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English Quizzes, for SBI/IBPS PO Mains 2021 – 15th December

Direction (1): In each of the given questions an inference is given in bold which is then followed by three paragraphs. You have to find the paragraph(s) from where it is inferred. Choose the option with the best possible outcome as your choice.

Q1. Technology and its access is a critical factor for diversified agriculture.

(1)Any industry grows when it adapts to a competitive environment. If farmers get market signals from the market about upcoming trends of demands of consumers, total supply in the economy , new technologies, export opportunities or import vulnerabilities, they will find out more profitable crops, technologies and will keenly adapt. Present system creates a glut in the market of particular crops.

(2)The introduction of Agriculture Produce and Livestock Marketing Act (APML) 2017 may free both farmers and consumers from the core problem of price differences in different regions over different products. Higher market connectivity and free licensing mechanisms may prove to be highly responsive. Support of digital market tools like e-NAM (electronic national agriculture market) has though given some relief already.

(3)One of the biggest roadblocks to the growth of Indian agriculture is the low levels of yields. The predominant causes of low productivity are poor access to irrigation facilities; use of low-quality seeds, low adoption of improved technology and lack of knowledge dissemination on improved agricultural practices. The challenge of small landholding size impacts diversification indices negatively.

(a)Only (2)
(b)Both (1) and (2)
(c)Both (2) and (3)
(d)Both (1) and (3)
(e)All (1), (2) and (3)

Direction (2): In each of the given questions an inference is given in bold which is then followed by three paragraphs. You have to find the paragraph(s) from where it is inferred. Choose the option with the best possible outcome as your choice.

Q2. Sports injury may cause damage to a child’s mental growth.

(1)Many papers have shown that all it takes for your child to suffer brain damage is just one concussion. But before your son suffers a concussion, there must have been hundreds if not thousands of sub-concussions while playing various sports. The damage is permanent because the brain does not have any ability to regenerate itself.

(2)Concussions and TBI do real damage to the brain. Concussions and TBI occur when the brain suddenly shifts within the skull — usually as the result of a sudden blow, jolt or change of direction (e.g., whiplash). A football tackle, being hit with a baseball or softball, heading a soccer ball or tripping and falling are just a few of the athletic scenarios that can result in TBI.

(3)Some experts warn parents that there could be potential dangers to having children specialize in one sport year-round at a young age because of the physical toll it can take on a young athlete’s body before he or she has matured.

(a)Only (1)
(b)Only (3)
(c)Both (1) and (2)
(d)Both (2) and (3)
(e)All (1), (2) and (3)

Direction (3): There are sets of four statements in question given below which when connected using the correct sentence structure forms a complete single sentence without altering the meaning of the sentences given in the question. There are four options given below the question, choose the sentence that forms the correct formation of a single sentence which is both grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. If none follows, choose (e) as your answer.

Q3. Modern microfinance includes savings and insurance and more flexible credit products; it has often had a more important impact than simple credit; it is according to microfinance researcher Dean Karlan; he is also the founder of Innovations for Poverty Action.

(a)Modern microfinance including savings and insurance and more flexible credit products have often had a more important impact than simple credit as it is according to microfinance researcher Dean Karlan who is also the founder of Innovations for Poverty Action.
(b)Savings and insurance and more flexible credit products are modern microfinance that has often had a more important impact than simple credit as according to microfinance researcher Dean Karlan who was also the founder of Innovations for Poverty Action.
(c) Modern microfinance like savings and insurance and more flexible credit products has often had a more important impact than simple credit, according to microfinance researcher Dean Karlan, who is also the founder of Innovations for Poverty Action.
(d)Modern microfinance that includes savings and insurance and more flexible credit products had often have a more important impact than simple credit, according to microfinance researcher Dean Karlan, who was also the founder of Innovations for Poverty Action.
(e)None of the above is correct.

Direction (4): The following question consists of a sentence which is divided into three parts which contain grammatical errors in one or more than one part of the sentence. If there is an error in any part of the sentence, find the correct alternatives to replace those parts from the three options given below each question to make the sentence grammatically correct. If there is an error in any part of the sentence and none of the alternatives is correct to replace that part, then choose (d) i.e. None of the (I), (II) and (III) as your answer. If the given sentence is grammatically correct or does not require any correction, choose (e) i.e. No correction required as your answer.

Q4. ISRO should have the capacity to launch PSLV missions (I)/once in three months and could have (II)/ completed the IRNSS constellation in early 2015. (III)
(I) ISRO has the capacity to launch PSLV missions
(II) once in three months and shall have
(III) completed the IRNSS constellation early 2015

(a)Only (I)
(b)Both (I) and (III)
(c)Both (II) and (III)
(d)None of the (I), (II) and (III)
(e)No correction required

Direction (5): The following question consists of a sentence which is divided into three parts which contain grammatical errors in one or more than one part of the sentence. If there is an error in any part of the sentence, find the correct alternatives to replace those parts from the three options given below each question to make the sentence grammatically correct. If there is an error in any part of the sentence and none of the alternatives is correct to replace that part, then choose (d), i.e., None of the (I), (II) and (III) as your answer. If the given sentence is grammatically correct or does not require any correction, choose (e), i.e., No correction required as your answer.

Q5. Flood control of India is complicated and in a large extent neglected (I)/ to simple reason that “flood control” as a subject is absent (II)/ from the Union, State and Concurrent Lists of the Constitution of India. (III)

(I)Flood control in India is complicated and to a large extent neglected
(II)for the simple reason that “flood control” as a subject is absent
(III)for the Union, State and Concurrent Lists of the Constitution of India

(a)Only (II)
(b)Both (I) and (II)
(c)All (I), (II) and (III)
(d)None of the (I), (II) and (III)
(e)No correction required

Directions (6-10): Rearrange the following sentences in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.

(A) Amid rising global trade tensions, there are some signs to hope that all is not lost.
(B) A 2017 survey conducted by the Pew Research Center showed 65% of Mexicans had a negative view of the US, with only 30% having a positive view.
(C) Further, 40-45% of such content must be manufactured using labour that costs at least $16 an hour.
(D) The United States and Mexico on Monday reached a breakthrough bilateral trade agreement replacing the decades-old North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) after Mexico agreed to concessions demanded by the Donald Trump administration.
(E) The U.S. hopes that this will discourage manufacturers from moving their facilities to Mexico, where labour is available at rates lower than in the U.S.
(F) According to the new agreement, 75% of all automobile content must be made regionally, which is higher than the current level of 62.5%.

Q6. Considering statement (A) “Amid rising global trade tensions, there are some signs to hope that all is not lost.” as the first sentence of the rearranged paragraph, then which among the followings fails to become the part of the coherent paragraph?
(a) C
(b) D
(c) B
(d) F
(e) E

Q7. Among the following pairs which one of them is formed with two consecutive statements after the rearrangement?
(a) D – B
(b) C – D
(c) A – B
(d) C – E
(e) A – C

Q8. Considering statement (A) “Amid rising global trade tensions, there are some signs to hope that all is not lost.” as the first sentence of the rearranged paragraph, which of the following statement should FOURTH sentence after the rearrangement? (Excluding the incoherent sentence)
(a) D
(b) B
(c) E
(d) C
(e) F

Q9. Considering statement (A) “Amid rising global trade tensions, there are some signs to hope that all is not lost.” as the first sentence of the rearranged paragraph, which of the following statements should follow last sentence after the rearrangement? (Excluding the incoherent sentence)
(a) Mexico and US share a maritime and land border in North America
(b) U.S.–Mexico relations grew out of the earlier relations between the fledgling nation of the United States and the Spanish Empire and its viceroyalty of New Spain.
(c) Mexico’s decision could set an example for other countries which have resorted to retaliatory tariffs to deal with Mr. Trump’s aggressive trade war against them.
(d) They are also closely connected demographically, with over one million U.S. citizens living in Mexico and Mexico being the largest source of immigrants to the United States.
(e) The U.S. played an important role in the course of the Mexican Revolution (1910–20) with direct actions of the U.S. government in supporting or repudiating support of revolutionary factions.

Q10. Considering statement (A) “Amid rising global trade tensions, there are some signs to hope that all is not lost.” as the first sentence of the rearranged paragraph, identify the correct sequence of the sentences to form a coherent paragraph (excluding the incoherent one).
(a) ADECF
(b) AFDCE
(c) AFBEC
(d) ADFCE
(e) ADBCF

Solutions

S1. Ans. (e)
Sol. All the three paragraphs explain the problems that the Indian farmers are facing today along with the remedial measures that may help in diversifying the agricultural sector, especially the use of technology in agriculture can bring a revolution that would accelerate its growth. Thus all these factors comply with the required inference i.e. “Technology and its access is a critical factor for diversified agriculture.” Hence (e) is the correct option.

S2. Ans. (c)
Sol. Passage (1) focuses on possible injuries that a child may suffer in sports, more specifically the brain damage that can cause severe mental disabilities and hamper one’s growth. Similarly, passage (2) describes  the effects of concussions and TBI that can be fatal to one’s growth both physically and mentally. Thus both these paragraphs generate the same inference i.e.  “Sports injury may cause damage to a child’s mental growth.” Whereas, passage (3) talks about the same issue but it is to be noted that it focuses only on the physical strain that a child’s body undergoes before he/she attains maturity. Hence (c) is the correct option.

S3. Ans. (c)
Sol. Read the sentences given in the question carefully, all the four sentences are correctly integrated to form the sentence given as option (c). Other options, (a), (b) and (d) carry grammatical errors and incorrect sentence structure that hardly make a meaningful sentence. Only option (c) forms a sentence which is both grammatically correct and contextually meaningful.

S4. Ans. (a)
Sol. There is a small error in only first part of the sentence, the phrase “ISRO should have the capacity” should be replaced by “ISRO has the capacity” as it can be well inferred from the second part of the sentence that it talks about the considerable fact which is true and existent. The verb “should have” changes the meaning of the sentence, thus “has” is the correct grammar usage. Other two parts of the sentence are absolutely correct defining and expressing the meaning of the sentence both grammatically and contextually. Hence (a) is the correct option.

S5. Ans. (b)
Sol. In the first part of the sentence, replace the phrases “Flood control of India” and “in a large extent” by “Flood control in India” and “to a large extent” respectively as “in” and “to” are the correct prepositions in the context of their usage in the sentence. Moreover, Prepositions are function words that indicate how a noun or noun phrase relates to the rest of the sentence. Some prepositions, such as in, on, after, or since, express temporal or spatial relationships. In other cases, the relationship is more abstract, and the best preposition to use may depend on the words around it. These are known as “dependent prepositions,” and they do not follow any clear pattern. So, we need to choose prepositions carefully because sometimes changing a preposition can completely change the meaning of the phrase. Similarly, in the second part of the sentence, the phrase “to simple reason” should be replaced by “for the simple reason” as the correct preposition is “for” and there should be a use of determiner before the noun phrase “simple reason.” The third part of the sentence doesn’t require any correction as it is grammatically correct. Hence (b) is the correct option.

S6. Ans. (c)
Sol. Here, statement (A) is perfectly suitable for the introduction of the paragraph which mentions the current scenario of the global trade. Further, Statement (D) is the most suitable statement to follow statement (A) as it mentions how US-Mexico bilateral trade agreement has been the reason for easing of global trade disruptions. Statement (D) will then be followed by statement (F), which mentions the conditions of the agreement. It will then be followed by statement (C), which adds on to the information regarding provisions of the agreement, which we can infer from the former part of statement (C), which mentions, “Further, 40-45% of such content”.  Statement (C) will finally be followed by statement (E), which mentions the aspirations of US on signing the agreement. Here, only statement (B) does not logically fit into the sequence after rearrangement. Therefore, the correct sequence of rearranged sentences is ADFCE.

S7. Ans. (d)
Sol. Here, statement (A) is perfectly suitable for the introduction of the paragraph which mentions the current scenario of the global trade. Further, Statement (D) is the most suitable statement to follow statement (A) as it mentions how US-Mexico bilateral trade agreement has been the reason for easing of global trade disruptions. Statement (D) will then be followed by statement (F), which mentions the conditions of the agreement. It will then be followed by statement (C), which adds on to the information regarding provisions of the agreement, which we can infer from the former part of statement (C), which mentions, “Further, 40-45% of such content”.  Statement (C) will finally be followed by statement (E), which mentions the aspirations of US on signing the agreement. Here, only statement (B) does not logically fit into the sequence after rearrangement. Therefore, the correct sequence of rearranged sentences is ADFCE.

S8. Ans. (d)
Sol. Here, statement (A) is perfectly suitable for the introduction of the paragraph which mentions the current scenario of the global trade. Further, Statement (D) is the most suitable statement to follow statement (A) as it mentions how US-Mexico bilateral trade agreement has been the reason for easing of global trade disruptions. Statement (D) will then be followed by statement (F), which mentions the conditions of the agreement. It will then be followed by statement (C), which adds on to the information regarding provisions of the agreement, which we can infer from the former part of statement (C), which mentions, “Further, 40-45% of such content”.  Statement (C) will finally be followed by statement (E), which mentions the aspirations of US on signing the agreement. Here, only statement (B) does not logically fit into the sequence after rearrangement. Therefore, the correct sequence of rearranged sentences is ADFCE.

S9. Ans. (c)
Sol. Here, statement (A) is perfectly suitable for the introduction of the paragraph which mentions the current scenario of the global trade. Further, Statement (D) is the most suitable statement to follow statement (A) as it mentions how US-Mexico bilateral trade agreement has been the reason for easing of global trade disruptions. Statement (D) will then be followed by statement (F), which mentions the conditions of the agreement. It will then be followed by statement (C), which adds on to the information regarding provisions of the agreement, which we can infer from the former part of statement (C), which mentions, “Further, 40-45% of such content”.  Statement (C) will finally be followed by statement (E), which mentions the aspirations of US on signing the agreement. Here, only statement (B) does not logically fit into the sequence after rearrangement. Therefore, the correct sequence of rearranged sentences is ADFCE. Also, from the given options, only option (c) is discussing about the trade war of United States other options are discussing about out of context topics. Hence, option (c) is the most appropriate alternative.

S10. Ans. (d)
Sol. Here, statement (A) is perfectly suitable for the introduction of the paragraph which mentions the current scenario of the global trade. Further, Statement (D) is the most suitable statement to follow statement (A) as it mentions how US-Mexico bilateral trade agreement has been the reason for easing of global trade disruptions. Statement (D) will then be followed by statement (F), which mentions the conditions of the agreement. It will then be followed by statement (C), which adds on to the information regarding provisions of the agreement, which we can infer from the former part of statement (C), which mentions, “Further, 40-45% of such content”.  Statement (C) will finally be followed by statement (E), which mentions the aspirations of US on signing the agreement. Here, only statement (B) does not logically fit into the sequence after rearrangement. Therefore, the correct sequence of rearranged sentences is ADFCE.

English Quizzes, for SBI/IBPS PO Mains 2021 – 15th December_50.1

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