English Quizzes, for SBI/IBPS PO Mains 2021 – 30th December_00.1
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English Quizzes, for SBI/IBPS PO Mains 2021 – 30th December

Directions (1-5): In the given questions, five sentences are given. Four out of the given five make a passage which follow the same theme and thus make a meaningful coherent paragraph. Mark the sentence which does not go as per the theme of the paragraph, as your answer.

Q1.
(a) And the interchangeability will increase timeliness of ITR filling as well, because income details will be sourced from a central database.
(b) Thus, the government seems to be committed to encouraging tax compliance by making the process of filing tax returns more convenient.
(c) This idea of the proposed central cell acting as a single point of contact between the taxpayer and the tax department is welcome but would require close monitoring by implementation agencies to fully exploit its benefits.
(d) As per the notification, the last date to link PAN with Aadhaar is September 30, 2019 and as per the rules if PAN is not linked with Aadhaar by this date, then PAN will become invalid.
(e) The interchangeability of PAN and Aadhaar and pre-filled income-tax return forms are welcome steps towards improving accuracy of return filing process.

Q2.
(a)These iconic sites would enhance visitor experience, leading to an increase in domestic and international tourist visits.
(b) The cultural impact of tourism is the threat to traditional customs specific to each country and sometimes to each region.
(c)This will ultimately lead to a boost in employment opportunities.
(d)Job creation has been an issue and the government has realized the need to look beyond traditional avenues of employment.
(e)Our country has an enormous potential for tourism and the government’s plans to develop 17 iconic tourist sites into world class tourist destinations, is a brilliant move in respect of employment.

Q3.
(a) However, they did get a big bone to chew on: the expectation of a $5 trillion economy, which is an intractable dream.
(b) Instead of a rabbit from her hat, what they got was some ‘vision thing’ about an inclusive economy.
(c) Additionally, proposed GST reduction in the budget can also ease affordability to own an electric vehicle.
(d) Finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman disappointed economists who wanted bold reforms through the budget.
(e) There was debate about the calculation of this number, and how it would be affected by the rupee-dollar exchange rate.

Q4.
(a) The objective of an anti-profiteering law is unexceptionable, which is that no business should profiteer (make an unfair profit) from a tax reduction at the cost of either the government or the consumer.
(b) One of these is a failure to prescribe a methodology based on which one could determine whether or not there has been profiteering by an enterprise.
(c) The voting rights in GST Council are such that neither the union government, nor the state governments together, can take a decision without the consent of the other.
(d) One of the headline issues that emerged from the 35th meeting of the GST Council held recently was a two-year extension of the term of the National Anti-Profiteering Authority (NAA) up to 30 November 2021.
(e) In making the relevant amendments to the anti-profiteering law, the government appears to have missed an opportunity to fundamental issues; these are serious lacunae in the framework of the anti-profiteering law.

Q5.
(a) This has become a recurring and tragic theme in the story of India’s economic reforms, especially in the financial sector.
(b) The NBFC sector got the right attention in the budget as it has the potential to create large-scale formal jobs.
(c) Corrective measures are always put off till things reach a breaking point or scams become politically suicidal to ignore because of their impact on voters.
(d) It always takes a crisis in India to correct what is egregiously wrong and should have been rectified in the normal course of governance.
(e) Examples abound: the beginning of reforms in non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) after the collapse of CRB Finance, the ongoing saga of bank regulation to deodorize rotten loans, and so on

Directions (6-10): The following questions consist of four sentences. Some of these may or may not contain grammatical error. Choose the option which denotes the sentence(s) that has/have grammatical error(s). If all the given sentences are correct, choose (e), i.e., “All are correct” as your answer.

Q6.
(I) Local residents said that it was the third bus accident at the spot but they have never seen such a terrible crash on the expressway.
(II) The Delhi High Court dismissed a plea seeking directions to the Centre to frame rules on the phone tapping noting that there were enough guideline in place
(III) The Central government wants to create a “repository of photographs of criminals in the country,” and want to put a system in place to track “missing children and unidentified dead bodies,” through facial recognition
(IV) The tricky job of keeping Greece’s international creditors onside while easing the hardship on Greeks by lowering taxes and renegotiating fiscal targets could result in a short honeymoon phase for Mr. Mitsotakis.

(a) I, II
(b) II, IV
(c) II, III, IV
(d) I, II, III
(e) All are correct.

Q7.
(I) The leak is being seen by some diplomats as a move to push Mr. Darroch out and to send an Ambassador to Washington
(II) The Expressway has been operational since 2012 and span over 165 km.
(III) Admissions for courses at several college under the unreserved category closed with a marginal dip in some courses.
(IV) The Supreme Court on Monday sought a response from the Centre, the States and the Union Territories on the prolonged delay for over quarter of a decade to establish exclusive human rights courts in each district

(a) I, II
(b) II, III
(c) II, III, IV
(d) I, II, III
(e) All are correct.

Q8.
(I) The conviction of prominent pro-LTTE politician Vaiko on the charge of sedition, based on a typically impassioned speech he had made in Chennai since a decade ago, is a worrying development.
(II) Washington has said it wants to seal a political deal with the Taliban ahead of the Afghan presidential polls due in September to allow foreign forces to begin to withdrawing.
(III) The Delhi High Court declined to entertain a plea seeking to make appropriate changes to the law to recognise the rights pertaining to marriage and adoption of members of LGBT community.
(IV) The court disposed of the petition filed by advocates Manmohan Singh Narula and Susmita Kumari, claiming that the Speaker was not performing his statutory duty of appointing the LoP.

(a) I, II
(b) II, IV
(c) II, III, IV
(d) I, II, III
(e) All are correct.

Q9.
(I) A Delhi court on Monday summoned Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal and his deputy Manish Sisodia on July 16 in a criminal defamation complaint filed by BJP leader Vijender Gupta.
(II) It is found that democratic education involves a basic understanding of our society and it’s history, of its multiple cultural, intellectual and religious traditions.
(III) China on Monday alleged that “unilateral bullying” by the United States was the “root cause” of Iran’s decision to expanding uranium enrichment.
(IV) Road Transport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari informed the Rajya Sabha on Monday that speed limit on highways would not help reduce the number of road accidents

(a) I, II
(b) II, III
(c) II, III, IV
(d) I, II, III
(e) All are correct.

Q10.
(I) The Delhi High Court has directed the Judo Federation of India to disclose all files relating to how players were selected to represent India at the Judo Olympics
(II) A majority of political parties on Monday reiterated their opposition to the 10% quota in higher educational institutions for economically weaker sections (EWS) within the general category
(III) The Medical members of the Corporation touched upon the medical aspect of the question and urged that on the proper solution of the housing question depended the health of the city
(IV) The increased surcharge potentially reduces the post-tax attractiveness of India, vis-a-vis other markets, where such a high rate doesn’t exist

(a) I, II
(b) II, IV
(c) II, III, IV
(d) I, II, III
(e) All are correct.

Solutions

S1. Ans. (d)
Sol. Going through the statements, (a) talks about some interchangeability which will help in getting income details from a central database. (b) discusses the government’s efforts to make the process of filing tax returns more convenient. And (c) discusses the need of monitoring the central database. (e) is about interlinking of Aadhaar and PAN, and the use of this interchangeability in the ITR filling. So, (a), (b), (c) and (e) all either taking about the interchangeability or ITR filling. Whereas, (d) talks about the linking of Aadhaar with PAN and if PAN is not linked with Aadhaar then PAN will become invalid. There is no mention of ITR filling in (d). So, (d) is the odd one from the given sentences. Hence, option (d) is correct answer choice.

S2. Ans. (b)
Sol. The sentence (a) talks about some iconic sites. Sentence (e) is talking about the 17 iconic sites and the government’s plans to develop these sites for employment purposes. (a) also discusses about the increase in domestic and international tourist visits. And the development of these sites will boost employment opportunities. So, (a) will be followed by (c). As, (d) is talking about the need to look beyond traditional avenues of employment. And tourism is this idea. So, (d) is also linked with (e). As for (b) it is discussing the negative impact of tourism which is not as per the other sentences. Hence, option (b) is correct answer choice.

S3. Ans. (c)
Sol. (a) talks about the impossible dream of $5 trillion economy. (b) is discussing about some “vision thing” which as per the theme of the sentence goes in negative sense. Same is the case for (d) and (e). But, (c) which is talking about the positive impact of the budget, is not as per the theme of the passage. Hence, option (c) is correct answer choice.

S4. Ans. (c)
Sol. Reading through the statements, (d) discusses about the extension of the term of National Anti-Profiteering Authority (NAA) up to 30 November 2021. It should be followed by (a) that discusses about the objective of anti-profiteering law. Then (e) talks about the amendments made in the law. (b) discusses one of the failure in the law. All the statements (a), (b), (d) and (e) are either talking about the National Anti-Profiteering Authority or the anti-profiteering law. But, option (c) discusses about the voting rights in GST which is not following the theme of other sentences. So, (c) is the correct answer choice.

S5. Ans. (b)
Sol. The sentences (a), (c), (d) and (e) discusses about the occurrence of crisis in India and the delayed measures taken to tackle the crisis. (e) gives the examples of several crisis. But, only (b) is against the theme. It discusses the right attention given to NBFC sector in the budget. So, option (b) is correct answer choice.

S6. Ans. (d)
Sol. There is a grammatical error in option I, II and III. In (I) the use of ‘have’ there is incorrect instead it should be ‘Had’ because the given sentence is in past tense as can be seen from the use of ‘was’ in the beginning, also the given sentence is in indirect speech.
In option (II), the use of ‘guideline’ is incorrect instead it should be ‘guidelines’ because a plural noun is required to qualify a plural verb.
In option (III), the use of ‘wants’ is incorrect instead it should be ‘want’ because as per the subject-verb agreement, a singular verb is required to qualify a singular subject.
Hence, the correct answer choice is option (d)

S7. Ans. (b)
Sol. There is a grammatical error in option (II) and (III). In (II), the use of ‘span’ is incorrect instead it should be ‘spans’ because as per the subject verb agreement, singular verb is required to qualify the singular subject.
Also in option (III), the use of ‘college’ is incorrect because of the use of determiner ‘several’ which means more than two but not many, hence the plural verb should be used to qualify the given determiner.
Hence, the correct answer choice is option (b)

S8. Ans. (a)
Sol. There is a grammatical error in option (I) and (II). In (I), ‘since’ should not be used here because ‘since’ goes with a moment in time – but a decade is a length of time, not a moment in time, hence it should be omitted.
In option (II), the use of gerund ‘withdrawing’ is incorrect because to + gerund structure is used when ‘to’ is part of ‘a noun + preposition combination’ or when ‘to’ is part of an adjective + preposition combination or a phrasal verb or verb + preposition structure, but here it is ‘to’ + verb structure, hence, the use of gerund is incorrect.
So, the correct answer choice is option (a)

S9. Ans. (b)
Sol. There is grammatical error in option (II) and (III). In option (II), “it’s” is used incorrectly instead it should be “its” because “Its” is the possessive form of the pronoun ‘it’ whereas “It’s” is a contraction, standing for “it is” or “it has.”
Also in option (III), the use of ‘expanding’ is incorrect because to + gerund structure is used when ‘to’ is part of ‘a noun + preposition combination’ or when ‘to’ is part of an adjective + preposition combination or a phrasal verb or verb + preposition structure, but here it is ‘to’ + verb structure, hence, the use of gerund is incorrect.
Hence, the correct answer choice is option (b)

S10. Ans. (e)
Sol. In the given options, there is no grammatical error. Hence, the correct answer choice is option (e)

English Quizzes, for SBI/IBPS PO Mains 2021 – 30th December_50.1

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