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FCI Agriculture Quiz 38

FCI Recruitment 2021: Good News for all the aspirants, Bankers Adda team is coming up with Exclusive Questions of Agriculture for FCI AGM 2021 on the Adda247 app also, so download the Adda247 App now to attempt these quizzes. We have started this series on 18th March 2021. So, do attempt it daily and crack the FCI AGM 2021 Exam.


Q1. The Targeted Public Distribution System (TDPS) was introduced with effect from-

  1. January 1997
  2. April 1997
  3. June 1997
  4. March 1997
  5. None of these

Explanation:- In June 1997, the Government of India launched the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) with a focus on the poor.


Q2. The important approach in the micro watershed is

  1. Soil conservation
  2. Productivity improvement
  3. Storage of rainwater
  4. All of the above
  5. None of these

Explanation:- The watershed is a natural hydrological entity that covers a specific aerial expanse of land surface from which the rainfall-runoff flows to a defined drain, channel, stream, or river at any particular point. The smallest hydrologic unit in the hierarchal system is termed a Micro watershed having a size of 500-1000 ha.


Q3.Water erosion follows the following sequence

  1. Sheet, Splash, Rill and Gully
  2. Splash, Rill, Sheet and Gully
  3. Splash, Sheet, Rill and Gully
  4. Rill, Splash, Gully and Sheet
  5. None of these

Explanation:- Splash erosion is generally seen as the first and least severe stage in the soil erosion process, which is followed by sheet erosion, then rill erosion and finally gully erosion (the most severe of the four).


Q4.The plastic mulch helps to

  1. Reduce the soil moisture
  2. Increase the soil moisture
  3. Increase the soil temperature
  4. All of the above
  5. None of these

Explanation:- Plastic mulch is a product used in plasticulture in a similar fashion to mulch, to suppress weeds and conserve water in crop production and landscaping. Certain plastic mulches also act as a barrier to keep methyl bromide, both a powerful fumigant and ozone depleter, in the soil.


Q5.In comparison to old alluvial soil, the new alluvial soils are

  1. Less fertile
  2. More fertile
  3. Similar
  4. High pH
  5. None of these

Explanation:- Old alluvial soil is found at the top of the mountain whereas new soil is found near bank of rivers brought by rivers only. old soil is less fertile while new is more fertile. Old soil is dark yellowish in colour and new is yellowish in colour.


Q6. The cause of soil erosion

  1. Lack of soil erosion
  2. Over grazing by cattle
  3. Deforestation arable land use
  4. All of the above
  5. None of these

Explanation:- Running water is the leading cause of soil erosion because water is abundant and has a lot of power. The wind is also a leading cause of soil erosion because wind can pick up soil and blow it far away. Activities that remove vegetation, disturb the ground, or allow the ground to dry are activities that increase erosion.


Q7.The objective of watershed management

  1. Pollution control
  2. Overexploitation of resources should be minimized
  3. Water storage, flood control, checking sedimentation
  4. Erosion control and prevention of soil
  5. All of the above

Explanation:- Provision and securing of access to sanitation; improvement and restoration of soil quality and thus, raising productivity rates; reducing the impact of natural hazards (especially in the context of climate change);


Q8. Water conservation techniques are

  1. Conservation by surface water storage
  2. Conservation of rainwater
  3. Groundwater conservation
  4. Catchment area protection
  5. All of the above

Explanation:- Methods of Water Conservation: Protection of Water from Pollution; Redistribution of Water. Rational Use of Groundwater. Renovation of Traditional Water Sources. Use of Modern Irrigation Methods.


Q9. Golden rice is rich in

  1. Vitamin C
  2. Vitamin A
  3. Vitamin D
  4. Vitamin K
  5. All of the above

Explanation:- Golden rice is a transgenic variety of rice (Oryza sativa) that contains good quantities of β-carotene (provitamin A or inactive state of vitamin A).


Q10. Which crop is called the “Queen of cereal”?

  1. Wheat
  2. Rice
  3. Gram
  4. Maize
  5. None of these

Explanation:- Maize is called the ‘queen of cereal‘ as it is grown 1throughout the year due to its photo-thermo- insensitive character and highest genetic yield potential among the cereals.

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