Every part of the English section plays a crucial role in fetching good marks. Knowledge of each and every topic increases the chance of selection. Parajumbles or sentence rearrangement are considered to be the trickiest section to be attempted. It is the difficult and time-consuming section that is asked in banking examination. Your mind collects data of random details in the form of keywords and memory maps visualized during preparation. Jotting down main phrases & keywords, making memory maps and highlighting important facts help one speed up the learning process.
Let us begin with what is PARA JUMBLE Sentences?
These are a group of jumbled up sentences and the goal is to rearrange the sentences in the original sequence. It tests your ability to understand the bigger picture presented in the given set of sentences. One sentence arrangement in a competitive exam is usually followed by 5 sentences and one has to complete the arrangement in the correct order that followed.
Para jumbles usually consist of three types:
- Five sentences and all are to be rearranged in the correct order. It is called complete Para-jumbling.
- First and last sentences fixed or maybe only one sentence is fixed and the remaining four sentences are to be rearranged. This is called partial Para-jumbling.
- Five to six jumbled sentences are given to us and we are asked different questions based on those jumbled sentences. Some questions are of conventional pattern while others can be of finding the odd one out or the concluding sentences. There can be a question on the basis of the paragraph similar to ones in the Reading comprehensions. This is called comprehensive Jumbling.
Tips and Tricks to solve the Para Jumbles
1. Scan all the sentences:
Try to get the idea behind the paragraph. Once you get to know what it is about, you will be able to rearrange the sentences in a better way.
2. Go Through the Options:
If you have a question in which options are given regarding the rearrangement of sentences or the sequence of sentences, the go through these options and try to find out the most correct sequence amongst these.
3. Figuring out the Opening sentence: It generally will be the one providing some introductory line. Try to find it out after reading all the sentences.
After reading out all the sentences, the opening or the starting sentence can be easily figured out as it usually depicts a place, time or name.
4. Establish a link Between the Sentences:
The best way is to establish a link between any two (or more) statements. Once a link is found, you will get an idea about what will come in the correct sequence.
5. Keep a track on the Pronouns:
Pronouns can be helpful in connecting the sentences with each other. Keep a track on the pronoun and try to link the sentences accordingly.
6. Find the Concluding Statement:
The concluding statement is the one having the conclusion and is the ending sentence. Moreover, it may be the sentence that contains the summary of the whole paragraph in short.
Finding linkage between parts is more important in these questions in order to make the paragraph more meaningful. The things that help you to solve this part is only your command over vocabulary, knowledge of grammar rules, preposition, conjunctions, etc.
There are some transition words that can help you in identifying the links among the sentences, simultaneously, hence, besides, etc.
7. Look out for:
The relative pronoun(who, whom, whose, which, that)
Demonstrative pronoun(this, that, these, those)
Personal pronouns( He, she, it, her, you, they)
Note: If a sentence is followed by these three pronouns, go through the paragraph and look for the original person, place or object that it refers to.
8. Look for cause and effect:
Look for words and phrases explicitly indicating that one thing causes another or logically determines another.
9. Once you are done with the arrangement, check it again if it is coherent with the paragraph and is meaningful.
10. Follow Article based approach: indefinite articles point towards the new and general ideas and definite articles(The) point to already explained the idea. A sentence with a definite article can never be the first sentence.
Important to note: If in an arrangement one sentence has the full form and in the second sentence short form is given then the sentence with full form will come first in the paragraph.
Now, along with doing it accurately you also need to solve these questions in minimum time. Try reading newspapers and articles to improve your reading ability and practice as many questions as possible to have a good command over the topic.