MSME Full Form – MSME New Definition, MSME Loan Eligibility, MSME Types

The full form of MSME is Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises. Check the new definition of MSME, its types and MSME loans.

MSME full form is Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises and they are governed by the Ministry of MSME. This is the branch of the government of India that deals with the formulation and administration of rules, regulations, and laws related to micro, small and medium enterprises in India. All the important decision related to this sector is taken by MSME. The official website for the MSME Ministry is open for general public with the link of msme.gov.in MSME is all about enterprises falling in the category of small industries, medium and micro industries. Recently, The Finance Minister introduced new changes in the definition for MSME in order to aid the MSME sector amid COVID-19 Pandemic outbreak and has introduced a criteria of turnover as well in the new definition. We will be providing you all the related information to this sector in this article, all the latest changes that have been made are updated in this space.

Reports say there are about 63.05 million micro industries, 0.33 million small, and about 5,000 medium enterprises in the country. Shri A. K. Sharma assumed charge as Secretary, Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in May 2020.

The Ministry of MSME recently launched CHAMPIONS Portal www.Champions.gov.in which is A Technology driven Control Room-Cum-Management Information System. This new portal is basically for making the smaller units big by solving their grievances, encouraging, supporting, helping and handholding. It is a real one-stop-shop solution of MSME Ministry.

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MSME New Definition

Just as the MSME Full form states, the types it include are- Small, Micro and Medium

The companies in the small enterprise category should not have an investment of Rs 10 crore either in plant and machinery and turnover of more than 50 crore. Such enterprises are eligible for registering for the MSME status. The medium enterprises which may have investments more than Rs 10 crore but not more than Rs 20 crore investment both in plant and machinery and a turnover not more than 100 crore can apply for MSME registration.

Finally, the micro industries are the ones with less than 1 crore investments both in plant and machinery and turnover of less than 5 crore can apply for registering under the MSME categories.

Revision to MSME Definition announced on May 13, 2020

Micro Units – Enterprises with investment up to INR 10 million (US$132,521), turnover up to INR 50 million (US$662,715)

Small Units- Enterprises with investment up to INR 100 million (US$1.3 million), turnover up to INR 500 million (US$6.62 million)

Medium Units- Enterprises with investment up to INR 200 million (US$2.6 million), turnover up to INR 1 billion (US$13.24 million).

Image credit- MSME Annual Report

MSME Loan Eligibility

To get an MSME Loan, the eligibility criterion will be 

  • The business needs to be operating for at least six months when applying for the loan
  • The minimum turnover for approving the loan would Rs.90,000 three months preceding the loan
  • The business shouldn’t have been blacklisted for even excluded from the SBA finance list
  • The physical location of the enterprise shouldn’t be in the negative location list.

MSME Registration 

The registration can be done online, and it is not a mandatory process. But if you get it done; you can avail a large number of benefits under the schemes that the government has provided for micro, small and medium industries.

Who can apply to MSME?

There needs to be a certain eligibility criterion that is required for applying for an MSME status for the industry you run. The MSME can be got by registering oneself even if you are 

  • Having proprietorship
  • Belong to Hindu undivided family
  • Own a one-person company
  • Have a limited liability partnership
  • Have a private limited company
  • A limited company
  • Producer company
  • Any association of persons
  • Co-operative societies
  • An undertaking

All the above business entities can get the MSME title. They can be registered as MSME in India.

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Types of MSME

As per the annual report published by the Ministry of MSME 2018-19 (which is the latest one available) 31% MSMEs were found to be engaged in Manufacturing activities, while 36% were in Trade and 33% in Other Services. Again out of 633.88 estimated number of MSMEs, 324.88 lakh MSMEs (51.25%) were in rural area and 309 lakh MSMEs (48.75%) were in the urban areas:

Benefits of MSME

The MSME registered business will be availed several benefits such as

  • The beneficiaries can avail of bank loans free of collateral. Which will be given under the Credit Guarantee Trust Fund Scheme.
  • They can avail subsidy on the registration of the patents when applying for one
  • They also can get exemption of interest on the overdraft they avail from banks
  • The promotion of the business will also be eligible for a subsidy
  • These industries will also get protection when the payments are delayed
  • Concession in the electricity charges
  • If the company product or service is ISO certified then the charges are reimbursed as well

MSME Registration: Documents Requirement  

The entity who wants to register as a MSME has to submit documents like business address proof, copies of purchase and sale bill, and licenses from regulatory bodies.

Business Address Proof- If you own the entity space then Allotment letter, possession letter, lease deed or property tax receipt is required. In case of municipal license in the business name or in the name of the proprietor, partner or director of the business, no other possession document is required to be submitted. No objection certificate is require in case of rental.

Copies of Sale Bill and Purchase Bill- You will be  required to submit a copy of sale bill which must be related to each end product that it will supply along with a purchase bill  for each raw material that it will purchase.

Partnership Deed/ MoA and AoA: A deed of partnership needs to be submit if there is a partnership firm. A copy of Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association, and certificate of incorporation has to be submitted in case of company.

Copy of Licenses and Bills of Machinery Purchased : There are some of the cases, in which the applicant has to submit a copy of industrial license which needs to be obtained by giving an application to Govt. of India.

Schemes launched By The Government For MSME:

Udyog Aadhaar memorandum:  Through this scheme there is an easy availiability of credit, loans, and subsidies from the government. Candidate can register  both ways in the online mode or the offline mode.

Zero Defect Zero Effect: According to this model, there are certain standards to which goods that are manufactured for export have to adhere  so that they are not rejected or sent back to India and in order to achieve this the government has launched this scheme. In this, those  goods which are exported  are eligible for some rebates and concessions.

Quality Management Standards & Quality technology Tools: This scheme aims to help help the micro, small and medium enterprises to understand and implement the quality standards that are required to be maintained along with the new technology. Under this scheme, certain activities are conducted in order to sensitize the businesses about the new technology available through various seminars, campaigns, activities etc.

Grievance Monitoring System: This scheme aims to help the MSME sector by getting the complaints of the business owners addressed. Under this scheme, any business owners can check the status of their complaints, open them if they are not satisfied with the outcome.

Incubation: This scheme aims to help innovators in the better implementation of their new design, ideas or products. Under this scheme, maximu cost which is around 75% to 80% of the project cost can be financed by the government.

Credit Linked Capital Subsidy Scheme: This scheme aims to help MSME sector as new technology is provided to the business owners to replace their old and obsolete technology to get the better yield along with this a capital subsidy is given to the business to upgrade and have better means to do their business.

Women Entrepreneurship:This scheme aims to target  especially women who want to start their own business as a carrer or means of living. The government provides everything from capital, counseling, training and delivery techniques to these women so that they manage their business and expand it.

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FAQ- MSME Full Form and MSME Loan Eligibility

Q. What is MSME Full Form?

Ans. MSME Full Form is Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises.

Q. How can an enterprise avail MSME loan?

Ans. If an enterprise falls into the eligibility criteria for MSME they’ll be eligible for the MSME Loan as well.

Q. Who can apply for MSME?

Ans. Proprietorships, Hindu Undivided Family, Partnership Firm, One Person Company, Limited Liability Partnership, Private Limited Company, Limited Company, Producer Company, any association of persons, co-operative societies or any other undertaking.

Q. Who is eligible for MSME loan?

Ans. 1.) business that has been in operations for more than 6 months, 2.) minimum turnover of ₹ 90,000 or more in the 3 months preceding the loan application, 3.) business should not fall under blacklisted / excluded list for SBA finance.

Q. What is MSME category?

Ans. Manufacturing Enterprises and Service Enterprises